Renewable Energy Potential of Diluted Poultry Manure during Ambient Anaerobic Stabilisation
In this study, the anaerobic treatability of chicken manure diluted with tap water (with an influent feed ratio of 1 kg of fresh chicken manure to 6 liter of tap water) was investigated in a lab-scale anaerobic sludge bed (ASB) reactor inoculated with the granular sludge already adapted to chicken manure. The raw waste digested in this study was the manure from laying-hens having average total solids (TS) of about 30% with ca. 60% volatile content. The ASB reactor was fed semi-continuously at ambient operating temperature range (17-23◦C) at a HRT of 13 and 26 days for about 6 months, respectively. The respective average total and soluble chemical oxygen demand (COD) removals were ca. 90% and 75%, whereas average biomethane production rate was calculated ca. 180 lt per kg of CODremoved from the ASB reactor at an average HRT of 13 days. Moreover, total suspended solids (TSS) and volatile suspended solids (VSS) in the influent were reduced more than 97%. Hence, high removals of the organic compounds with respective biogas production made anaerobic stabilization of the diluted chicken manure by ASB reactor at ambient operating temperatures viable. By this way, external heating up to 35◦C (i.e. anaerobic processes have been traditionally operated at mesophilic conditions) could be avoided in the scope of this study.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1112214Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1282
 J. F. C. M. Mathias, “Manure as a resource: livestock waste management from anaerobic digestion, opportunities and challenges for Brazil,” in International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, vol. 17, no. 4, 2014, pp. 87–110.
 B. P. Kelleher, J. J. Leahy, A. M. Henihan, T. F. O’Dwyer, D. Sutton, and M. J. Leahy, “Advances in poultry litter disposal technology – a review,” in Bioresource Technology, 83, 2002, 27–36.
 M. F. Demirbas, M. Balat, and H. Balat, “Biowastes-to-biofuels,” in Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 52, no. 4, 2011, pp. 1815–1828.
 C. Yangin-Gomec, and I. Ozturk, “Effect of maize silage addition on biomethane recovery from mesophilic co-digestion of chicken and cattle manure to suppress ammonia inhibition,” in Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 71, 2013, pp. 92-100.
 C. Gulumser, "Tavuk Atıklarının Farklı Aşı Çamuru İçeren Yukarı Akışlı Havasız Çamur Yataklı Reaktörlerde Arıtılabilirliğinin Karşılaştırmalı Olarak Değerlendirilmesi,”, MSc Thesis, FBE, Istanbul Technical University, 2012 (in Turkish).
 T. Zhang, Y. Yang, L. Liu, Y. Han, G. Ren, and G. Yang, “Improved biogas production from chicken manure anaerobic digestion using cereal residues as co-substrates,” in Energy Fuels, vol. 28, 2014, pp. 2490−2495.
 K. Yetilmezsoy, and S. Sakar, “Development of empirical models for performance evaluation of UASB reactors treating poultry manure wastewater under different operational conditions,” in J. Hazard. Mater., vol. 153, 2008, pp. 532–543.
 R. Ali, and R. Al-Sae’d, “A novel process design for enhanced biogas production from poultry manure using a solar water heating system,” in Proc. 14th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology, Rhodes, Greece, 2015, CEST2015_01327.
 I. Angelidaki, B. K. Ahring, “Thermophilic anaerobic digestion of livestock waste: the effect of ammonia,” in Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., vol. 38, 1993, pp. 560-564.
 N. I. Krylova, R. E. Khabiboulline, R. P. Naumova, M. Nagle, “The influence of ammonium and methods for removal during the anaerobic treatment of poultry manure,” in J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol., vol. 70, 1997, 99–105.
 R. S. Khoiyangbam, N. Gupta, and S. Kumar, Biogas Technology. Towards Sustainable Development. India, TERI, 2011.
 APHA, Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 21th ed. American Public Health Association/American Water Works Association/Water Environment Federation, Washington D.C., USA, 2005.
 A. Jaxybayeva, "Anaerobic Treatment of Diluted Waste From Poultry Industry and Quantification of Microbial Communities”, MSc Thesis, FBE, Istanbul Technical University, 2014.