Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30127
Citizens’ Readiness to Adopt and Use Electronic Voting System in Ghana
Authors: Isaac Kofi Mensah
Abstract:The adoption and application of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in government administration through e-government is expected to permeate all sectors of state/ public institutions as well as democratic institutions. One of such public institutions is the Electoral Commission of Ghana mandated by the 1992 Constitution to hold all public elections including presidential and parliamentary elections. As Ghana holds its 7th General Elections since 1992, on 7th November 2016, there are demands from key stakeholders for the Election Management Body, which is the Electoral Commission (EC) of Ghana to adopt and implement an electronic voting system. This case study, therefore, attempts to contribute significantly to the debate by examining influencing factors that would impact on citizen’s readiness to adopt and use an electronic voting system in Ghana. The Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) was used as a theoretical framework for this study, out of which a research model and hypotheses were developed. Importantly, the outcome of this research finding would form a basis for appropriate policy recommendation for consideration of Government and EC of Ghana.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1112189Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1694
 Mensah, I. K. (2016). 'Overview of E-government Adoption and Implementation in Ghana'. World Academy of Science, Engineering, and Technology, International Science Index 109, International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic, Business and Industrial Engineering, 10(1), 61 - 72.
 Rössler, T. G. (2007). Electronic voting over the internet-an E-Government specialty. na.
 International IDEA, 2011, Introducing Electronic Voting: Essential Considerations. Policy Paper. Retrieved on 15th Jan.2016.
 Riera A., and Brown P, “Bringing Confidence to Electronic Voting” Electronic Journal of e-Government Volume 1 Issue 1, 2003, (14-21), available online at www.ejeg.com
 A.J. Jegede, G.I.O. Aimufua and N.I. Akosua (2012). Electronic Voting: A Panacea for Electoral Irregularities in Developing Countries, International Journal of Science and Knowledge; Vol.1, No.1; 13-30.
 Achieng, M. and E. Ruhode (2003). “The adoption and Challenges of Electronic Voting Technologies within the South African Context.” International Journal of Management Information Technology 5(4):1-12
 Kohno, T., Stubblefield, A., Rubin, A. D., & Wallach, D. S. (2004, May). Analysis of an electronic voting system. In Security and Privacy, 2004. Proceedings. 2004 IEEE Symposium on (pp. 27-40). IEEE.
 Braun, N., & Brändli, D. (2006). Swiss e-voting pilot projects: Evaluation, situation analysis and how to proceed. Gesellschaft für Informatik.
 http://www.internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country/ Retrieved on 23 January 2016.
 Electoral Commission of Ghana: Registered political parties in Ghana: http://www.ec.gov.gh/registered-political-parties/. Retrieved on 23 January 2016.
 G.O. Ofori-Dwumfuo, E. Paatey (2011). The Design of an Electronic Voting System, Research Journal of Information Technology 3(2): 91-98, 2011
 http://africanelections.tripod.com/gh.html Retrieved on 20th January 2016.
 http://www.africanelections.org/ghana/ Retrieved on 20th January 2016
 http://vibeghana.com/2012/12/10/ghana-election-2012-confirmed-ec-presidential-results-final/ Retrieved on 4th February 2016.
 The Electoral Knowledge Network, E-voting: http://aceproject.org/ace-en/focus/e-voting/countries Retrieved on January 22, 2016.
 http://www.ecn.na/index Electoral Commission (EC) of Namibia. Retrieved on 25th January 2016
 http://www.ecn.na/the-control-unit-cu- Retrieved on 25th January 2016
 http://www.ecn.na/the-ballot-unit-bu- Retrieved on 25th January 2016
 Electoral Institute of Sustainable Democracy in Africa (EISA): Electronic Voting and the Namibian General Elections https://eisa.org.za/pdf/nam2014eisa.pdf Retrieved on 26th January 2016.
 Davis, F. D. 1989. Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and user acceptance of information technology. MIS Quarterly, 13(3) 319-340.
 Ajzen, I., and Fishbein, M. 1980. Understanding Attitudes and Predicting Social Behaviour. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc.
 Ajzen., I. 1985. From Intentions to Actions: A Theory of Planned Behaviour. Edited by Khul, J. and Beckmann, J. Springer-Verlag, and Berlin Heidlberg. New York Tokyo.
 Venkatesh, V., and Davis, F. D. 2000. A theoretical extension of the technology acceptance model: Four longitudinal field studies. Management Science, 46(2) 186-204.
 Rogers, E. 2003. Diffusion of Innovations. New York: Free Press.
 Venkatesh, V., Morris, M., Davis, G., and Davis, F. 2003. User acceptance of information technology: toward a unified view. MIS Quarterly, 27 (3) 425-478.
 Nadim Jahangir and Noorjahan Begum (2008). The Role of Perceived Usefulness, perceived ease of use, security ad privacy and customer attitude to engender customer adaptation in the context of electronic banking, African Journal of Business Management Vol.2 (1), pp. 032-040
 Shafeek SA (2011). E-learning Technology Acceptance Model with cultural factors. Liverpool John Moores University: School of Computing and Mathematical Sciences, MSc Dissertation, April 2011.
 Ervasti, M. and Helaakoski, H. (2010). “Case study of application‐based mobile service acceptance and development in Finland”. Int. J. Information Technology and Management, 9 (3), 243‐259
 Pavlou P.A. (2003). “Consumer acceptance of electronic commerce: integrating trust and risk with the technology acceptance model”. International Journal of Electronic Commerce, 7(3), 69‐103.
 Zhou, L., Dai, L. & Zhang, D. (2007), “Online Shopping Acceptance Model — A Critical Survey of Consumer Factors in Online Shopping”. Journal of Electronic Commerce Research, Vol. 8, No.1, pp. 41‐62.
 Abdullah, F. and R. Ward (2016). "Developing a General Extended Technology Acceptance Model for E-Learning (GETAMEL) by analysing commonly used external factors." Computers in Human Behavior 56: 238-256.
 Davis,F.(1986). A Technology Acceptance Model for Empirical testing new end-user information systems: Theory and results. Ph.D. Thesis Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sloan School of Management http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/15192 Retrieved on 25th February, 2016
 Hong Yan and Zhonghua Yang (2015). Examining Mobile Payment User Adoption from the Perspective of Trust. International Journal of u-and e-Service, Science and Technology Vol.8. No.1, pp. 117-130.
 Ahmad A. Rabaa (2015). An Empirical Investigation of the Adoption e-government in Developing Countries: The case of Jordan, Computer and Information Science: Vol.8, No.3.