Effect of Cocoa Pod Ash and Poultry Manure on Soil Properties and Cocoyam Productivity of Nutrient-Depleted Tropical Alfisol
An experiment was carried out for three consecutive years at Owo, southwest Nigeria. The objective of the investigation was to determine the effect of Cocoa Pod Ash (CPA) and Poultry Manure (PM) applied solely and their combined form, as sources of fertilizers on soil properties, leaf nutrient composition, growth and yield of cocoyam. Three soil amendments: CPA, PM (sole forms), CPA and PM (mixture), were applied at 7.5 t ha-1 with an inorganic fertilizer (NPK 15-15-15) at 400 kg ha-1 as a reference and a natural soil fertility, NSF (control), arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Results showed that soil amendments significantly increased (p = 0.05) corm and cormel weights and growth of cocoyam, soil and leaf N, P, K, Ca and Mg, soil pH and organic carbon (OC) concentrations compared with the NSF (control). The mixture of CPA+PM treatment increased corm and cormel weights, plant height and leaf area of cocoyam by 40, 39, 42, and 48%, respectively, compared with inorganic fertilizer (NPK) and 13, 12, 15 and 7%, respectively, compared with PM alone. Sole or mixed forms of soil amendments showed remarkable improvement in soil physical properties compared with NPK and the NSF (control). The mixture of CPA+PM applied at 7.5 t ha-1 was the most effective treatment in improving cocoyam yield and growth parameters, soil and leaf nutrient composition.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1112187Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1393
 D.F. Uwah, A.U. Udoh and G.A. Iwo, “Effect of organic and mineral fertilizers on the growth and yield of cocoyam (Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott)”, International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 3(1):33-38, 2011.
 A.O. Adekiya, T.M. Agbede and S.O. Ojeniyi, “The Effect of three years of tillage and poultry manure application on soil and plant nutrient composition, growth and yield of cocoyam”, Experimental Agriculture, pp. 1-11, 2015. doi: 10.1017/S0014479715000253.
 B.A. Ndon, N.H. Ndulaka and N.U. Ndaeyo, “Stabilization of yield parameters and some nutrients components in cocoyam cultivars with time in Uyo, southeastern Nigeria”, Global Journal of Agricultural Science, 2(2):74-78, 2003.
 I C. Onwueme and T.D. Sinha, “Field Crop Production in Tropical Africa, CTA Ede”. The Netherlands, pp. 1-480, 1991.
 D. Som, “Handbook of Horticulture, Indian Council of Agricultural Research”, New Delhi, pp. 507-508, 2007.
 J.O. Erhabor and W. A. Molindo, “Assessing nutrient potentials of a soil continuously cropped with Xanthosoma sagittifolia (L) in Onisere, Ondo State, Nigeria”, Agricultural Journal 5(4):269-272, 2010.
 G.O. Obigbesan, A. A. Agboola and A.A.A. Fayemi, “Effect of potassium on tuber yield and nutrient uptake of yam”, In: J. Cock, R. MacIntyre and M. Graham (Eds.). Proceedings of the 4th Symposium of the International Society for Tropical Root Crops, CIAT, Cali, Colombia, 1-7 August 1976, pp. 104-107, 1976.
 G.O. Obigbesan, “In: Potassium Workshop”, Oct. 1980, IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria, 1980.
 S.O. Ojeniyi, “Effect of goat manure on soil nutrient and okra yield in a rainforest area of Nigeria”, Applied Tropical Agriculture, 5:20-23, 2000.
 T.M. Agbede, A.O. Adekiya and J.S. Ogeh, “Effects of organic fertilizers on yam productivity and some soil properties of a nutrient-depleted tropical Alfisol”, Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 59(4-6):803-822, 2013.
 O.A. Egunjobi, “On the possible utilization of discarded cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) pod husks as fertilizer and nematicides”, Proceedings of the 5th International Cocoa Research Conference, CRIN, Ibadan, Sept. 1-9, 1975, pp. 541-547, 1976.
 H.K. Adu-Daapah, J. Cobbinah and E.O. Asare, “Effect of cocoa pod ash on the growth of maize”, Journal of Agricultural Science, 122:31-33, 1994.
 D.I. Akanni and S.O. Ojeniyi, “Effect of different levels of poultry manure on soil physical properties, nutrient status, growth and yield of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)”, Research Journal of Agronomy, 1:1-4, 2007.
 L.S. Ayeni and M.T. Adetunji, “Integrated application of poultry manure and mineral fertilizer on soil chemical properties, nutrient uptake, yield and growth components of maize”, Nature and Science, 8(1):60-67, 2010.
 B. Osundare, “Effect of fertilizer types and varying population on the performance of cocoyam”, Moor Journal of Agricultural Research, 5(1-2):7-12, 2004.
 J. Vicente-Chandler, H. Irizarry and S. Silva, “Nutrient uptake by taniers as related to stage of growth and effect of age on yields of the Morada variety”, Journal of Agriculture of University of Puerto Rico, 66(1):1-10, 1982.
 Soil Survey Staff, “Keys to soil taxonomy”, 11th Edition. Agriculture Handbook, No. 436. United States Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington DC, 2010.
 FAO, “World reference base of soil resources”, World Soil Resources Report 84. Foods and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Rome, 1998.
 T.M. Agbede, “Effect of tillage on soil properties and yam yield on an Alfisol of southwestern Nigeria”, Soil Tillage Research, 86(1):1-8, 2006.
 A.O. Adekiya, S.O. Ojeniyi and T.M. Agbede, “Poultry manure effects on soil properties, leaf nutrient status, growth and yield of cocoyam in a tropical Alfisol”, Nigerian Journal of Soil Science, 22(2):30-39, 2012.
 S.O. Ojeniyi, O.A. Amusan and A.O. Adekiya, “Effect of poultry manure on soil physical properties, nutrient uptake and yield of cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) in southwest Nigeria”, American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Science, 13(1):121-125, 2013.
 A. Agueguia, “Non-destructive estimation of leaf area in cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott)”, Journal of Agronomy and Soil Science, 171(2):138-141, 1993.
 M. Pansu and J. Gautheyrou, “Handbook of Soil Analysis”. Mineralogical, Organic and Inorganic Methods. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, New York, 995pp, 2006.
 W. Horwitz, Editor, “Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists International”. 16th Edition. AOAC International, Gaithersburg, MD; 1298pp, 1997.
 N.R. Hulugalle, R. Lal and O.A. Opara-Nadi, “Effect of tillage system and mulch on soil properties and growth of yam (Dioscorea rotundata) and cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) on an Ultisol”, Journal of Root Crops, 11(1-2):9-22, 1985.
 T.M. Agbede, “Nutrient availability and cocoyam yield under different tillage practices”, Soil Tillage Research, 99(1):49-56, 2008.
 S. Kabeerathumma, B. Mohankumar and P.G. Nair, “Nutrient uptake and their utilization by yams, aroids and coleus”, Technical Bulletin Series 10, Central Tuber Crops Research Institute (CTCRI), Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India, 1987.
 E.A. Akinrinde and G.O. Obigbesan, “Evaluation of the fertility status of selected soils for crop production in five ecological zones of Nigeria”, In: O. Babalola (Ed.). Proceedings of the 26th Annual Conference of Soil Science Society of Nigeria; 2000 Oct 30 – Nov 3; Ibadan, pp. 279-288, 2000.
 M.I. Onwuka, V.E. Osedeke, and N.A. Okolo, “Amelioration of soil acidity using cocoa husk ash for maize production in Umudike area of southeast Nigeria”, Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems, 7:41-45, 2007.
 J.S.C. Mbagwu and A. Piccolo, “Changes in soil aggregate stability induced by amendment with humic substances”, African Journal of Biotechnology, 5:1058-1061, 1989.
 E.I. Moyin-Jesu, “Evaluation of different organic fertilizers on the soil, leaf chemical composition and growth performances of coffee seedlings (Coffee arabica L.)”, African Journal of Science and Technology (AJST)), Science and Engineering Series, 9(2):105-112, 2008.
 L.S. Ayeni, M.T. Adetunji, S.O. Ojeniyi, B.S. Ewulo and A.J. Adeyemo, “Comparative and cumulative effect of cocoa pod husk ash and poultry manure on soil and nutrient contents and maize yield”, American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 2(1):92-97, 2008.
 K. Agyarko and E.K. Asiedu, “Cocoa pod husk and poultry manure on soil nutrients and cucumber growth”, Advances in Environmental Biology, 6(11):2870-2874, 2012.
 S.O. Ojeniyi, M.A. Awodun and S.A. Odedina, “Effect of animal manure amended spent grain and cocoa husk on nutrient status, growth and yield of tomato”, Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 2(1):33-36, 2007.