Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30007
An Investigation of Current Potato Nitrogen Fertility Programs' Contribution to Ground Water Contamination

Authors: Brian H. Marsh

Abstract:

Nitrogen fertility is an important component for optimum potato yield and quality. Best management practices are necessary in regards to N applications to achieve these goals without applying excess N with may contribute to ground water contamination. Eight potato fields in the Southern San Joaquin Valley were sampled for nitrogen inputs and uptake, tuber and vine dry matter and residual soil nitrate-N. The fields had substantial soil nitrate-N prior to the potato crop. Nitrogen fertilizer was applied prior to planting and in irrigation water as needed based on in-season petiole sampling in accordance with published recommendations. Average total nitrogen uptake was 237 kg ha-1 on 63.5 Mg ha-1 tuber yield and nitrogen use efficiency was very good at 81 percent. Sixty-nine percent of the plant nitrogen was removed in tubers. Soil nitrate-N increased 14 percent from pre-plant to post-harvest averaged across all fields and was generally situated in the upper soil profile. Irrigation timing and amount applied did not move water into the lower profile except for a single location where nitrate also moved into the lower soil profile. Pre-plant soil analysis is important information to be used. Rotation crops having deeper rooting growth would be able to utilize nitrogen that remained in the soil profile.

Keywords: Potato, nitrogen fertilization, leaching potential, irrigation management

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1111889

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF

References:


[1] Crozier, C., N. Creamer, M. Cubeta. 2004. Soil fertility management for Irish potato production in Eastern North Carolina. NC State Univ. Coop. Ext. AGW-439-49
[2] Cohen, Y., Y. Zusman, V. Alchanatis, Z. Bar, D. Bonfil, A. Karnieli, A Zilberman, A. Moulin, V. Ostrovsky, A. Levi, R. Brikman, and M. Shenker. 2008. Nitrogen evaluation in potato plants based on spectral data and on simulated bands of the VEN┬ÁS satellite. Downloaded on 15 Dec. 2015 from http://www.agri.gov.il/download/files/Part%201-%20Single%20leaves%20Venus_1.pdf.
[3] Vos. J. and M. Bom. 1993. Hand-held chlorophyll meter: a promising tool to assess the nitrogen status of potato foliage. Potato Research 26:301-308.
[4] Young, M., D. Mackerron and H. Davies. 1997. Calibration of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy to estimate nitrogen concentration in potato tissues. Potato Research 40:215-220.
[5] Hopkins, B., J. Stark, D. Westermann and J. Ellsworth. Nutrient Management: Potato. Downloaded on 15 Dec. 2015 from http://ucanr.org/sites/nm/files/76642.pdf
[6] Alva, A., T. Hodges, R. Boydston and H. Collins. 2002. Dry matter accumulations and partitioning in two potato cultivars. Journal of Plant Nutrition 25:1621-1630.
[7] Biemond, H. and J. Vos. 1992. Effects of nitrogen on the development and growth of the potato plant. 2. The partitioning of dry matter, nitrogen and nitrate. Annals of Botany 70:37-45.
[8] Waddell, J., S. Gupta, J. Moncrief, C. Rosen and D. Steele. 1999. Irrigation and nitrogen management effects on potato yield, tuber quality, and nitrogen uptake. Agronomy Journal 91:991-997.
[9] Kavvadias, V., C. Paschalidis, G. Akrivos and D. Petropoulos. 2012. Nitrogen and potassium fertilization responses of potato (Solanum tuberosum) cs. Spunta. Communications In Soil Science and Plant Analysis 43:176-189.
[10] Saffigna, P., D. Keeney and C. Tanner. 1977. Nitrogen, chloride, and water balance with irrigated Russet Burbank potatoes in a sandy soil. Agronomy J. 69:251-257.
[11] Fontes, P., H. Braun, C. Busato and P. Cecon. 2010. Economic optimum nitrogen fertilization rates and nitrogen fertilization rate effects on tuber characteristics of potato cultivars. Potato Research 53:167-179.
[12] Arshadi, J. and M. Asgharipour. 2011. Effect of nitrogen top-dress management using chlorophyll meter on yield, quality and correlation between some agronomic traits in potato. Advances in Environmental Biology. 5:711-718.
[13] Westerman, D. 2005. Nutritional requirements of potato. American Journal of Potato Research 82:301-307.
[14] Eghball, B. 2000. Nitrogen mineralization from field-applied beef cattle feedlot manure or compost. Soil Sci. Soc. of Amer. J. 64:2024-2030.
[15] Wen, G., T. Bates and R. Voroney. 1995. Evaluation of nitrogen availability in irradiated sewage sludge, sludge compost and manure compost. J. Environ. Qual. 24:527-534.
[16] Munoz, G., K. Kelling, K. Rylant and J. Zhu. 2008. Field evaluation of nitrogen availability from fresh and composted manure. J. Environ. Qual. 37:944-955.
[17] Eghball, B. and J. Power. 1999. Composted and noncomposted manure application to conventional and no-tillage systems: Corn yield and nitrogen uptake. Agron. J. 91:819-825.
[18] Gale, E., D. Sullivan, C. Cogger, A. Bary, D. Hemphill and E. Myhre. 2006. Estimating plant-available nitrogen release from manures, composts and specialty products. J. Environ. Qual. 35:2321-2332.
[19] Rosen, C. and P. Beirman. 2005. Using manure and compost as nutrient sources for vegetable crops. U. Minn. Ext. Service. pp. 1-12.
[20] Gil, M., M. Carballo and L. Calvo. 2011. Modelling N mineralization from bovine manure and sewage sludge composts. Bioresource Technology 102:863-871.
[21] Pettygrove, G. A. Heinrich and D. Crohn. 2009. Manure nitrogen mineralization. UC Manure Technical Bulletin Series. pp 1-5.
[22] Zebarth, B., G. Tai, R. Tarn, H. deJong and P. Milburn. 2004. Nitrogen use efficiency characteristics of commercial potato cultivars. Can. J. Plant Sci. 84:589-598.
[23] Cambouris, A., B. Zebarth, M. Nolin and M. Lverdiere. 2008. Apparent fertilizer nitrogen recovery and residual soil nitrate under continuous potato cropping: Effect of N fertilization rate and timing. Can. J. Plant Sci. 88:813-825.
[24] Joern, B. and M. Vitosh. 1995. Influence of applied nitrogen on potato. Part II: Recovery and partitioning of applied nitrogen. American Potato Journal 82: 73-84.
[25] Saffigna, P., D. Keeney and C. Tanner. 1977. Nitrogen, chloride, and water balance with irrigated Russet Burbank potatoes in a sandy soil. Agron. J. 69:251-257.
[26] Hong, L., L. Parent, A. Karam and C. Tremblay. 2003. Efficiency of soil and fertilizer nitrogen of a sod-potato system in the humid, acid and cool environment. Plant and Soil 251:23-36.
[27] Iwama, K. 2008. Physiology of the potato: New insights into root system and repercussions for crop management. Potato Research 51:333-353.
[28] Ahmadi, S., P. Finn, M. Andersen, A. Sepaskhah and C. Jensen. 2011. Effects of irrigation strategies and soil on field grown potatoes: Root distribution. Agricultural Water Management. 98:1280-1290.
[29] Anon. 1983. Sprinkle Irrigation. Section 15, Natural Resources Conservation Service National Engineering Handbook. Chapter 11 pp 17.
[30] Thorup-Kirstensen, K., M. Cortasa and R. Loges. 2009. Winter wheat roots grow twice as deep as spring wheat roots, is this important for N uptake and N leaching losses? Plant and Soil 322:101-104.
[31] King, B. and J. Stark. 1997. Potato Irrigation. University of Idaho Cooperative Extension Bulletin 789. pp 1-15.