Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31903
Quantification of Methane Emissions from Solid Waste in Oman Using IPCC Default Methodology

Authors: Wajeeha A. Qazi, Mohammed-Hasham Azam, Umais A. Mehmood, Ghithaa A. Al-Mufragi, Noor-Alhuda Alrawahi, Mohammed F. M. Abushammala


Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) disposed in landfill sites decompose under anaerobic conditions and produce gases which mainly contain carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4). Methane has the potential of causing global warming 25 times more than CO2, and can potentially affect human life and environment. Thus, this research aims to determine MSW generation and the annual CH4 emissions from the generated waste in Oman over the years 1971-2030. The estimation of total waste generation was performed using existing models, while the CH4 emissions estimation was performed using the intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC) default method. It is found that total MSW generation in Oman might be reached 3,089 Gg in the year 2030, which approximately produced 85 Gg of CH4 emissions in the year 2030.

Keywords: Methane, emissions, landfills, solid waste.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1845


[1] T.M. Palanivel, H. Sulaiman, “Generation and composition of municipal solid waste (MSW) in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman.” APCBEE Procedia, vol. 10, pp. 96–102, 2014.
[2] Oxford Business Group, 2012. “The Report Oman 2012. Oxford Business Group.” www.oxforf (25 March 2015).
[3] M. Christophersen, P. Kjeldsen, H. Holst, J. Chanton, “Lateral gas transport in soil adjacent to an old landfill: factors governing emissions and methane oxidation.” Waste Management and Research, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 595-612, 2001.
[4] G. Qingxian, D. Wupeng, L. Shiqing, Z. Zhigang, Z. Enchen, W. Jianguo, R. Zhenhai, “Methane emission from municipal solid waste treatments in China.” Advances in Climate Change Research, vol. 3, pp. 70–74, 2007.
[5] IPCC. 2007, “Climate Change 2007: Mitigation of climate change.” Contribution of working group III to the 4th assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
[6] IPCC. 1996 “Revised 1996 IPCC guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories.” Reference manual, intergovernmental panel on climate change 3: 6.1-6.19. (10 February 2015).
[7] S. Kumar, S.A. Gaikwad, A.V. Shekdar, P.S. Kshirsagar, R.N. Singh, “Estimation method for national methane emission from solid waste landfills.” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 38, pp. 3481-3487, February 2004.
[8] IPCC. 2006 “IPCC Guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories.” Prepared by IPCC National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme, Eggleston S., Buendia L., Miwa K., Ngara T. and Tanabe K. (ed.). Japan: IGES.
[9] United Nations Environment Program. (N.D.) “Solid waste of Sultanate of Oman, waste management, generation, collection, disposal, future planning.” (Online). Available from: (Accessed on 20th April 2015).
[10] The Oman Environmental Services Holding company. (2010). “The Oman Environmental Services Holding Company (be’ah).” (Online). Available from: (Accessed on 30th April 2015).
[11] J. Bogner, E. Matthews, “Global methane emissions from landfills: New methodology and annual estimates 1980-1996.” Global Biochemical Cycles, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 1-18, 2003.
[12] M.F.M. Abushammala, N.E.A. Basri, H. Basri, A.H. El-shafie, A.H. Kadhum, “Regional landfills methane emission inventary in Malaysia.” Waste Management and Research, vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 863–873, 2011.
[13] C. Chiemchaisri, J.P. Juanga, C. Visvanathan, “Municipal solid waste management in Thailand and disposal emission inventory.” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 135, no. 1-3, pp. 13–20, 2007.
[14] K. Wangyao, S. Towprayoon, C. Chiemchaisri, S.H. Gheewala, A. Nopharatana, “Application of the IPCC Waste Model to solid waste disposal sites in tropical countries: case study of Thailand.” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 164, no. , pp. 249–261, 2009.