Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30075
Assessing Water Quality Using GIS: The Case of Northern Lebanon Miocene Aquifer

Authors: M. Saba, A. Iaaly, E. Carlier, N. Georges

Abstract:

This research focuses on assessing the ground water quality of Northern Lebanon affected by saline water intrusion. The chemical, physical and microbiological parameters were collected in various seasons spanning over the period of two years. Results were assessed using Geographic Information System (GIS) due to its visual capabilities in presenting the pollution extent in the studied region. Future projections of the excessive pumping were also simulated using GIS in order to assess the extent of the problem of saline intrusion in the near future.

Keywords: GIS, saline water, quality control, drinkable water quality standards, pumping.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1111542

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1103

References:


[1] L. Dubertret, M.R. Wetzel, "Carte Géologique au 50000 Feuille de Tripoli avec notice explicative’’, République Libanaise, 1953.
[2] IDRC, H.A. Amery H, “Assessing Lebanon’s water balance”, 1964. Pp 4-14.
[3] Programme des Nations Unies pour le Développement, F.C, “Etude Géologique de la Région de Koura-Zgharta Basin’’, Beirut, 1971.
[4] Programme des Nations Unies pour le Développement, FAO, F.C, “Etude Géologique de la Région de Koura-Zgharta Basin ’’, Beirut, 1972.
[5] Abbud M., N. Aker, “The Study of the Aquiferous Formations of Lebanon through the Chemistry of their typical springs”, Lebanese Science Bulletin Volume 2, Number 2, 1986.
[6] Z.Saad, V. Kazpard, K. Slim, M. Mroueh, “A hydrochemical and isotopic study of submarine Fresh water along the coast in Lebanon’’, The Electronic Journal of the International Association for Environmental Hydrology, 2005.
[7] J. Halwani, “Assessment of the Water Situation in Lebanon” The 3rd International Conference on Water Resources and Arid Environments, 2008.
[8] N. Kabbara, J. Benkhelil, M. Awad, V. Barale, “Monitoring water quality in the coastal area of Tripoli (Lebanon) using high-resolution satellite data,” ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Volume 63, Issue 5, pp. 488-495, September 2008.
[9] M. El-Hoz, A. Mohesen, A. Iaaly, “Assessing groundwater quality in a coastal area using the GIS technique,” Desalination & Water Treatment, Vol. 52 Issue 10-12, pp.1967-1979, February 2014.
[10] A. Mangin, J. Stanford, J. Gibert, D. Danielopol, “Karst hydrogeology in Groundwater Ecology”, 1994.
[11] M. Bakalowicz, “Karst et ressources en eau souterraine : un atout pour le développement des pays Méditerranéens.”, Sécheresse, 2010.
[12] E. Mehmet, A. Jennings, “The effect of salinity-dependent hydraulic conductivity on saltwater intrusion episodes”, Journal of Hydrology, pp.283-297, 1985.
[13] K.J. Whiteman, Dee Molenaar, J.M. Jacoby, and G.V. Bortleson “Occurrence, quality, and use of ground water in Orcas, San Juan, Lopez, and Shaw Islands, San Juan County, Washington,” Water-Resources Investigations Report 83-4019, 1983.
[14] E. Eriksson, V. Khunakasem, “Chloride concentration on Groundwater, recharge rate and rate of deposition of Chloride in the Israel Coastal Plain” Journal of Hydrology, pp.178-197, 1969.
[15] S. Grassi, G. Cortecci, P. Squarci, “Groundwater resource degradation in coastal plains: The example of the Cecina area (Tuscany-Central Italy)”, Applied Geochemistry, pp. 2273-2289, 2007.
[16] M. El-Fadel, M. Tomaszkiewicz, M. Abou Najm, “Sustainable coastal aquifer management in urban areas: The role of groundwater quality indices,” 2012.
[17] J.A Sayyed, B. Bhosle, “Analysis of Chloride, Sodium and Potassium in Groundwater Samples of Nanded City in Mahabharata, India”, European Journal of Experimental Biology, 2011.
[18] L. Goldenberg, A. Jennings, “Surface water groundwater interaction: water quality aspects,” 1985.
[19] M. Bakalowicz, A. El-Hajj “ Les sources karstiques sous‐marines de Méditerranée sont‐elles des ressources non conventionnelles exploitables” Dix‐huitièmes journées techniques du Comité Français d’Hydrogéologie, 2012.