Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30067
Impact of the Non-Energy Sectors Diversification on the Energy Dependency Mitigation: Visualization by the “IntelSymb” Software Application

Authors: Ilaha Rzayeva, Emin Alasgarov, Orkhan Karim-Zada

Abstract:

This study attempts to consider the linkage between management and computer sciences in order to develop the software named “IntelSymb” as a demo application to prove data analysis of non-energy* fields’ diversification, which will positively influence on energy dependency mitigation of countries. Afterward, we analyzed 18 years of economic fields of development (5 sectors) of 13 countries by identifying which patterns mostly prevailed and which can be dominant in the near future. To make our analysis solid and plausible, as a future work, we suggest developing a gateway or interface, which will be connected to all available on-line data bases (WB, UN, OECD, U.S. EIA) for countries’ analysis by fields. Sample data consists of energy (TPES and energy import indicators) and non-energy industries’ (Main Science and Technology Indicator, Internet user index, and Sales and Production indicators) statistics from 13 OECD countries over 18 years (1995-2012). Our results show that the diversification of non-energy industries can have a positive effect on energy sector dependency (energy consumption and import dependence on crude oil) deceleration. These results can provide empirical and practical support for energy and non-energy industries diversification’ policies, such as the promoting of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), services and innovative technologies efficiency and management, in other OECD and non-OECD member states with similar energy utilization patterns and policies. Industries, including the ICT sector, generate around 4 percent of total GHG, but this is much higher — around 14 percent — if indirect energy use is included. The ICT sector itself (excluding the broadcasting sector) contributes approximately 2 percent of global GHG emissions, at just under 1 gigatonne of carbon dioxide equivalent (GtCO2eq). Ergo, this can be a good example and lesson for countries which are dependent and independent on energy, and mainly emerging oil-based economies, as well as to motivate non-energy industries diversification in order to be ready to energy crisis and to be able to face any economic crisis as well.

Keywords: Energy policy, energy diversification, “IntelSymb” software, renewable energy.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1339105

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF

References:

Armaroli, N., & Balzani, V. (2007). The future of energy supply: Challenges and opportunities. Angewandte Chemie (International Ed. in English), 46(1-2), 52–66.
[2] Associates, E. C. (2014). Correlation and causation between energy development and economic growth. Economic Consulting Associates.
[3] Avato, P., & Coony, J. (2008). Accelerating Clean Energy Development, and Deployment: Lessons from non-energy sectors (No. 138), p. 72. Washington D.C.: The World Bank.
[4] C. A. Ramirez, M. Patel, K. B. (2005). The non-energy intensive manufacturing sector. An energy analysis relating to the Netherlands. Energy, 30 (Elsevier Ltd.,), 749–767.
[5] Carree, M., Thurik, R., & Wennekers, S. (2002). Economic Development and Business Ownership: An Analysis Using Data of 23 OECD Countries in the Period 1976 – 1996. Small Business Economics, 19, 271–290.
[6] Chontanawat, J., Hunt, L. C., & Pierse, R. (2008). Does energy consumption cause economic growth? Evidence from a systematic study of over 100 countries. Journal of Policy Modeling, 30(2), 209–220.
[7] Duk Hee Lee, Dong Suk Kang, Ilaha Rzayeva, J. J. R. (2016). Effects of energy diverstification policy against crude oil price fluctuations. Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning, and Policy, (SCI. Quaterly. 37-49), 1–18.
[8] Energy Information Administration, Energy Sources, Technologies, and Impacts, Paris, France, 2001.
[9] Grübler, A., & Messner, S. (1998). Technological change and the timing of mitigation measures. Energy Economics, 20(5-6), 495–512.
[10] Helm, D. (2002). Energy policy: security of supply, sustainability and competition. Energy Policy, 30(3), 173–184.
[11] IEA. (2010). The World Energy Outlook. 9 rue de la Fédération 75739 Paris Cedex 15, France.
[12] Tim Kelly and Martin Adolph, ITU-T Initiatives on Climate Change, IEEEXplore, IEEE Communications Magazine, 0163-6804/08/25.00 2008 IEEE, pp 108-114.
[13] Jansen, J. C., & Seebregts, A. J. (2010). Long-term energy services security: What is it and how can it be measured and valued? Energy Policy, 38(4), 1654–1664.
[14] Laumas, M. W. and P. (1981). The Relation Between Energy and Non-Energy Inputs in India''s Manufacturing Industries. The Journal of Industrial Economics, 30 (2), 113–122.
[15] Martin Hvidt. (2013). Economic Diversification in GCC Countries: Past Record and Future Trends. Kuwait Programme on Development, Governance and Globalisation in the Gulf States, 27(The London School of Economics and Political Science), 55.
[16] Miketa, A., & Mulder, P. (2005). Energy productivity across developed and developing countries in 10 manufacturing sectors: Patterns of growth and convergence. Energy Economics, 27(3), 429–453. 2005.01.004.
[17] OECD. (1995). Recommendation of the council of the oecd on improving the quality of government regulatioN. Paris.
[18] Oh, I., Wehrmeyer, W., & Mulugetta, Y. (2010). Decomposition analysis and mitigation strategies of CO2 emissions from energy consumption in South Korea. Energy Policy, 38(1), 364–377.
[19] Oh, T. H., Pang, S. Y., & Chua, S. C. (2010). Energy policy and alternative energy in Malaysia: Issues and challenges for sustainable growth. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14(4), 1241–1252., 2009.12.003
[20] Peter, J and Max Corden, W. (1982). Booming sector and de-industrialization in a small opne economy. The Economic Journal, 368(May 2014), pp.825–848.
[21] Rzayeva, Ilaha, Lee, Dukhee, & Rho, Jaejeung. (2014). Analysis of countries’ policy change to energy crisis. International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy, Vol 3(Num. 3), 354–365.
[22] Streimikiene, D., Ciegis, R., & Grundey, D. (2007). Energy indicators for sustainable development in the Baltic States. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 11(5), 877–893.
[23] Surana, K. (2014). Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences. 79 John F. Kennedy Street, Cambridge, MA
[1] Armaroli, N., & Balzani, V. (2007). The future of energy supply: Challenges and opportunities. Angewandte Chemie (International Ed. in English), 46(1-2), 52–66.
[2] Associates, E. C. (2014). Correlation and causation between energy development and economic growth. Economic Consulting Associates.
[3] Avato, P., & Coony, J. (2008). Accelerating Clean Energy Development, and Deployment: Lessons from non-energy sectors (No. 138), p. 72. Washington D.C.: The World Bank.
[4] C. A. Ramirez, M. Patel, K. B. (2005). The non-energy intensive manufacturing sector. An energy analysis relating to the Netherlands. Energy, 30 (Elsevier Ltd.,), 749–767.
[5] Carree, M., Thurik, R., & Wennekers, S. (2002). Economic Development and Business Ownership: An Analysis Using Data of 23 OECD Countries in the Period 1976 – 1996. Small Business Economics, 19, 271–290.
[6] Chontanawat, J., Hunt, L. C., & Pierse, R. (2008). Does energy consumption cause economic growth? Evidence from a systematic study of over 100 countries. Journal of Policy Modeling, 30(2), 209–220.
[7] Duk Hee Lee, Dong Suk Kang, Ilaha Rzayeva, J. J. R. (2016). Effects of energy diverstification policy against crude oil price fluctuations. Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning, and Policy, (SCI. Quaterly. 37-49), 1–18.
[8] Energy Information Administration, Energy Sources, Technologies, and Impacts, Paris, France, 2001.
[9] Grübler, A., & Messner, S. (1998). Technological change and the timing of mitigation measures. Energy Economics, 20(5-6), 495–512.
[10] Helm, D. (2002). Energy policy: security of supply, sustainability and competition. Energy Policy, 30(3), 173–184.
[11] IEA. (2010). The World Energy Outlook. 9 rue de la Fédération 75739 Paris Cedex 15, France.
[12] Tim Kelly and Martin Adolph, ITU-T Initiatives on Climate Change, IEEEXplore, IEEE Communications Magazine, 0163-6804/08/25.00 2008 IEEE, pp 108-114.
[13] Jansen, J. C., & Seebregts, A. J. (2010). Long-term energy services security: What is it and how can it be measured and valued? Energy Policy, 38(4), 1654–1664.
[14] Laumas, M. W. and P. (1981). The Relation Between Energy and Non-Energy Inputs in India''s Manufacturing Industries. The Journal of Industrial Economics, 30 (2), 113–122.
[15] Martin Hvidt. (2013). Economic Diversification in GCC Countries: Past Record and Future Trends. Kuwait Programme on Development, Governance and Globalisation in the Gulf States, 27(The London School of Economics and Political Science), 55.
[16] Miketa, A., & Mulder, P. (2005). Energy productivity across developed and developing countries in 10 manufacturing sectors: Patterns of growth and convergence. Energy Economics, 27(3), 429–453. 2005.01.004.
[17] OECD. (1995). Recommendation of the council of the oecd on improving the quality of government regulatioN. Paris.
[18] Oh, I., Wehrmeyer, W., & Mulugetta, Y. (2010). Decomposition analysis and mitigation strategies of CO2 emissions from energy consumption in South Korea. Energy Policy, 38(1), 364–377.
[19] Oh, T. H., Pang, S. Y., & Chua, S. C. (2010). Energy policy and alternative energy in Malaysia: Issues and challenges for sustainable growth. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14(4), 1241–1252., 2009.12.003
[20] Peter, J and Max Corden, W. (1982). Booming sector and de-industrialization in a small opne economy. The Economic Journal, 368(May 2014), pp.825–848.
[21] Rzayeva, Ilaha, Lee, Dukhee, & Rho, Jaejeung. (2014). Analysis of countries’ policy change to energy crisis. International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy, Vol 3(Num. 3), 354–365.
[22] Streimikiene, D., Ciegis, R., & Grundey, D. (2007). Energy indicators for sustainable development in the Baltic States. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 11(5), 877–893.
[23] Surana, K. (2014). Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences. 79 John F. Kennedy Street, Cambridge, MA 02138: Belfer Center for science and international affairs, Harvard University.
[24] Suri, V., & Chapman, D. (1998). Economic growth, trade and energy: implications for the environmental Kuznets curve. Ecological Economics, 25(2), 195–208.
[25] Verbong, G., & Geels, F. (2007). The ongoing energy transition: Lessons from a socio-technical, multi-level analysis of the Dutch electricity system (1960–2004). Energy Policy, 35(2), 1025–1037.
[26] Ward, D., & Zurbruegg, R. (2000). Economic Growth? Does Insurance Evidence from. The Journal of Risk and Insurance, Vol. 67 (ARIA, American Risk and Insurance Association), pp.489–506.
[27] World data bank, The World Bank (2016). Indicators of the Internet usage for OECD countries.