Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31464
The Effectiveness of Solution-Focused Group Therapy on Improving Depressed Mothers of Child Abuser Families

Authors: Roya Maqami, Kaveh Qaderi Bagajan, Mohammad Mahdi Yousefi, Saeed Moradi


The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficacy of solution-focused group therapy on improving the depressed mothers of child abuser families. This study was carried out in the form of a semi-pilot, pre-test and post-test on two groups (experimental and control). Subjects include all mothers and their children that are the members of Shush and Naser Khosro child home. Beck Depression Inventory and Child Trauma Questionnaire were used to collect data. First, child abuse questionnaire was completed by children, Then Beck Depression Inventory was completed by their mothers that 22 of them were recognized as depressed and randomly divided in two groups of experimental and control. After applying pre-test for both of these groups, the intervention of solution- focused group therapy was performed in five sessions on experimental group. Finally, post-test was applied on both groups and subsequently in a month, follow-up test was performed. T-test, multivariate variance, and repeated measurement analysis of variance were used to analyze the data. According to the findings, it can be concluded that this therapy leads to the improvement of depressed mother's mood. As a result, the intervention of solution-focused group therapy is useful in order to improve the depressing mood of mothers of child abuser families.

Keywords: Child Abuse, Depressed Mothers, Child Abuser Families, Solution-focused Group Therapy.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1178


[1] World Health Organization. (2010). Child maltreatment. Fact sheet No. 150; Available at:
[2] Norman RE, Byambaa M., De R. et al (2012). the long-term health consequences of child physical abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Med 2012(9).
[3] United States Department of Health and Human Services (2012). Administration for children and families, administration on children, youth and families. essentials for childhood: steps to create safe, stable, and nurturing relationships. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, Available at:
[4] Khooshabi, K. (2008). Child Abuse: types of physical, sexual, emotional abuse and inattention to infants, Tehran, Ghatreh Publications.
[5] Houck, G. M. & King, M. C. (1989). Child maltreatment: family characteristics and developmental consequences. Issues Mental Health Nurs 10: 193–208
[6] Sarookhani, B. (2004). Family sociology, Tehran, Keyhan Publications.
[7] Mozhdeh, F. & Zeyghami Mohammadi, S.H. (2013). The relation between depression and sexual performance index in married women, Journal of Nursing and Obstetrics Faculty of Hamadan, 40 (1): 50-56.
[8] Patel, V. (2001), Depression in developing countries: Lessons from Zimbabwe. Br Med.J. Feb; 322(7284): 482-4.
[9] Chiueng, Yi Feng., Hsin Chu., Chiung-Hua Chen., Yu-Shiun Chang, & Kuei-Ru., Chou. (2011). The effect of cognitive behavioral group therapy for depression: a meta-analysis2000–2010. Journal of Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy.
[10] Browne, K., & Saqi S. (1987). Parent-child interactions in abusing families and its possible causes and consequences in child abuse: the educational perspective (ed. P. Maher). Basil Blackwell, Oxford.
[11] Corney, R. (1984). The Effectiveness of Attached Social Workers in the Management of Depressed Female Patients in General Practice. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
[12] Haskett, M. E., Scott, S. S., & Fann, K. D. (1995). Child abuse potential inventory and parenting behavior: relationships with high-risk correlates. Child Abuse Neglect 19, 1483–1495
[13] Prochaska, J.O. & Norcross, J.C. (2007). Psychotherapy systems, (Tr.) by Yahya Seyyed Mohammadi, (2012), Tehran, Ravan Publications.
[14] Macdonald, A. (2007). Solution-focused therapy: theory, research and practice. London: Sage.
[15] Araoz, D, l & Carrese, M, A (1996(. Solution oriented brief therapy for adjustment disorder. New York: Bruunner/mazel.
[16] Booker, J, & Blymyer, D. (1994). Solution oriented brief residential treatment with “chronic mental patients”. Journal of Systemic Therapies13 (4):53-69.
[17] Bernstien, D. P., Fink, L., Handelsman, L., Foote, J., Lovejoy, M., Wenzel, K., Sapareto, E. & Ruggeiro, J. (1994). Initial reliability and validity of a new retrospective of child-abuse and neglect. American Journal of Psychiatry 151(8), 1132-1136.
[18] Beck, A. T., Steer, R. & Garbin, M. (1988). Psychometric properties of the beck depression inventory: twenty five years of evaluation. Clinical Psychology Review, 8:77-10.
[19] Kendall, P. C., Hollon, S., Beck, A. T., Hammen, C. & Ingram, R. (1987). Issues and recommendations regarding the use of the beck depression inventory. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 11: 289-300
[20] Mirhashemi, M. & Najafi, F. (2014). The effectiveness of solution-focused therapy on the tolerance and consistency feeling in M.S. Patients, Journal of Islamic Azad University Medical Science, 24(3):175-181.
[21] Shakarami, M., Davarnia, R. & Zahrakar, K. (2014). The effectiveness of short-term solution-focused therapy on the reduction of marital stress of women, Journal of Elam Medical Science University,
[22] Debra, B., Hecht, David, J, Hansen (2001). The environment of child maltreatment contextual fctors and the development of psychopathology. Aggression and Violent Behavior 6:433–457.
[23] Banyard, V. L., and Williams, L.M. (2007). Women’s voices on recovery: a multi-method Study of The complexity of recovery from Child Sexual Abuse. Child Abuse and Neglect 31: 275–290.
[24] Etemadi, A, Gitipasand, Z. & Morad, M. (2012). The effectiveness of group solution-focused therapy on the reduction of mother-daughter conflicts in mother, Journal of Family Counselling & Psychotherapy, 3 (4):14-17.
[25] Seyedi, M (2007). Sorrowful for life, Tehran, Shirazeh.
[26] Gingerich, J W., & Eisengart, S. (2000). Solution focused brief therapy: A review of outcome research. Family Process. 39(4), 477­496.