Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31093
Premarital Sex, HIV, and Use of Condom among Youths in Nigeria

Authors: Okechukwu Odinaka Ajaegbu


In the recent past, discussing about sex among children and youths was frowned at by traditional norms and as such sexual discussions and behavior were approached with great respect. Things are actually falling apart with the increasing number of young people that engage in premarital sex. Due to lack of experience and sex education, many young people are becoming increasingly exposed to the risk of HIV infection. In the light of the above, this study discussed premarital sex, HIV, and use of condom among youths in Nigeria. Data for this study came from 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey and other secondary data. The survey revealed that only 18.5 percent of young women that had sex in the 12 months preceding the survey used condom. Out of 3306 never-married sexually active men and women, 1728 representing 52 percent live in urban areas and 43 percent of them did not use condom during sexual intercourse in the 12 months preceding the survey. This study concludes that for there to be reduction in prevalence of HIV/AIDS among Nigerian youths, there is need for concerted effort to be made towards educating youths on the expedient of the use of condom during sexual intercourse.

Keywords: HIV, Nigeria, youths, condom, premarital sex

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2095


[1] Penchud C, Woog, V, Singh S, Darroch JE, Bankole A. 2002. Issues in Measuring HIV Prevalence: The Case of Nigeria. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 6 (3) : 1.
[2] Fawole A. O., Ogunkan D.V, Adegoke G.S. 2011. Sexual Behaviour and Perception of Hiv/Aids in Nigerian Tertiary Institutions: University of Ilorin, a Case Study. Global Journal of Human Social Science Volume 11 Issue 1 Version 1.0 February 2011
[3] National Agency for the Control of Aids, 2014. Federal Republic of Nigeria Global Aids Response Country Progress Report Nigeria GARPR tive_report_2014.pdf
[4] Business day newspaper, 2014. HIV/AIDS prevalence rate: Threat to Nigeria’s economic aspiration hivaids-prevalence-rate-threat-to-nigerias-economicaspiration/#. VZZow_nF91Z
[5] Eze ifeoma, 2014. Adolescents’ Attitude towards Premarital Sex. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. Vol 5 No 10. ISSN 2039- 2117
[6] Eze, I.R., 1989. “Teenage Pregnancy”. Unpublished M. Ed. Thesis. University of Benin.
[7] Mosher, D.L. and Cross, H.J., 1971. “Sex Guilt and Premarital Sexual Experience of College Students”. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 33, 27 – 32.
[8] National Population Commission (NPC) (Nigeria) and ORC Macro. 2009. Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey 2009. 2008. Calverton, Maryland.
[9] John Abdulrahman Imaledo, Opirite Boma Peter-Kio, Eme Olukemi Asuquo., 2012. Pattern of risky sexual behavior and associated factors among undergraduate students of the University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. The Pan African Medical Journal. 2012;12:97
[10] Federal Ministry of Health, Nigeria. 2008. National HIV/Syphilis Seroprevalence Sentinel Survey, Process, and Findings National AIDS/STDs Control Programme (NASCP).
[11] Oladimeji Oladepo and Mojisola M Fayemi, 2011. Perceptions about sexual abstinence and knowledge of HIV/AIDS prevention among inschool adolescents in a western Nigerian city. BMC Public Health 2011, 11:304.
[12] HIV/AIDS Emergency Action Plan, 2001. Nigeria: FMOH
[13] Population Services International. 2003. 'Nigerian radio campaign generates safer behaviour' publications/briefs/nigerian-radio-campaign-generates-saferbehavior
[14] UN Integrated Regional Information Networks/AllAfrica, 2006. 'Condom ads stir passionate debate'. 39454/NIGERIA-Condom-ads-stir-passionate-debate
[15] Dare O.O., Oladepo O, Cleland JG, Badru OB., 2001. Reproductive health needs of young persons in markets and motor parks in South West Nigeria. Afr J Sci.; 30:199–205.
[16] Ajuwon A.J, Fawole F, Osungbade K., 2001. Knowledge of AIDS and sexual practices of young female hawkers in truck and bus stations in Ibadan, Nigeria. Int'l Quarterly of Community Health Education. 20(2):131–141.
[17] Makinwa-Adebusoye P., 1992. Sexual behavior, reproductive knowledge and contraceptive use among young urban Nigerians. International Family Planning Perspectives. 18(2):66–70
[18] Jinadu M.K., Odesanmi WO., 1993. Adolescent sexual behavior and condom Use in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Clinical Nursing Research. (2):111–118.
[19] Araoye M.O., Adegoke A., 1996. AIDS-related knowledge, attitude and behavior among selected adolescents in Nigeria. Journal of Adolescence.19(2):179–181.
[20] Egger M, Ferrie J, Gorter A, Gonzales S, Gutierrez R, Pauw J, Smith GD., 1993. HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes and practices among Managuan secondary school students. Bulletin of the Pan American Health Organization. 27(4): 360–369.
[21] Morris L., 1995. Sexual experience and contraceptive use among young adults in Central America; Presented at the symposium on population in Central America; San Jose, Cost Rica. p. 25
[22] Adebiyi A.O., Asuzu M.C., 2009. Condom use amongst out of school youths in a local government area in Nigeria. Afr Health Sci. 2009 Jun; 9(2): 92–97
[23] National Population Commission (NPC) (Nigeria) and ICF International. 2014. Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey 2013. Abuja, Nigeria, and Rockville, Maryland, USA: NPC and ICF International.