Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30132
Tourism and Urban Planning for Intermediate Cities: An Empirical Approach toward Cultural Heritage Conservation in Damavand, Iran
Authors: E. Ghabouli
Abstract:Intermediate cities which also called medium size cities have an important role in the process of globalization. It is argued that, in some cases this type of cities may be depopulated or in otherwise may be transformed as the periphery of metropolitans, so that the personal identity of the city and its local cultural heritage could suffer from its neighbor metropolitan. Over the last decades, the role of tourism in the development process and the cultural heritage has increased. The impact of tourism on socioeconomic growth makes motivation for the study of tourism development in regional and urban planning process. There are evidences that tourism has a positive impact in local development and makes economic motivations for cultural heritage protection. In this study, by considering the role of tourism in local development, especially by its economic and socio-cultural impacts, it is tried to introduce a strategy for tourism development through a method of urban planning for intermediate cities called as Base plan. Damavand is an intermediate city located in Tehran province, Iran with a high potential in tourism by its local specific characteristic like social structure, antiquities and natural attractions. It’s selected as a suitable case study for intended strategy which is a combination of urban planning and tourism development methods. Focusing on recognition of the historical and cultural heritage of Damavand, in this paper through “base plan methodology” a strategy of urban planning toward tourism development is prepared in order to make tourism development as a support for cultural heritage of this city.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1110049Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 971
 Hall, M.C. (2008), Tourism planning, policies, processes and relationships, (2nd Ed.), Edinburg: Pearson.
 Lew, A. (2007), “Invited Commentary: Tourism Planning and Traditional Urban Planning Theory: Planners as Agents of Social Change”, Leisure: Journal of the Canadian Association of Leisure Studies, 31, 2, pp 383-392.
 Cannaos, C. (2012, Feb). From tourist and resident to inhabitant and "inhabitantness". Paper presented at the 5th International Forum on Urbanism, Barcelona, Spain.
 Llop T., J. (1999). Intermediate cities and world urbanization. Lleida.
 Ghabouli, E & Arellano, B. (2014), Ecotourism, an opportunity of development for intermediate cities, Case study: Damavand, Iran. IN: Uson, E & Llop, J. eds. Ciudades y territorio. Intermediación y desarrollo. Lleida: Editorial Milenio, pp 154-175.
 Municipality of Damavand Website: www.damavand.ir/
 Bellet, C & Llop, J (2002) “Intermediate Cities. Proflies and Agenda. Second Phase of the UIA-CIME Programm”. Lleida: Ayundamiento de Lleida: Lleida.
 Estelaji, A et al, (2012) “The Role of Urban Tourism to Achieve Urban Sustainable Development”, International Journal of Geology, 6, pp 17- 25.
 National Statistical Organization of Iran, (2012), National statistical Yearbook of Iran, available at: http://www.amar.org.ir/
 Mirovitskaya, N. & Ascher, W., (2001). The Guide to Sustainable Development and Environmental Policy, North Carolina: Duke University press.
 Kenworthy, J. R. (2006). The eco-city: ten key transport and planning dimensions for sustainable city development. Environment and Urbanization. 2006, pp18-67.Available at: http://eau.sagepub.com/content/18/1/67.full.pdf+html
 Jabareen, Y.R., (2006). Sustainable Urban Forms: Their Typologies, Models, and Concepts. Journal of Planning Education and Research September 2006 vol. 26 no.1 .pp 38-52.