**Commenced**in January 2007

**Frequency:**Monthly

**Edition:**International

**Paper Count:**30579

##### Evolution of Fuzzy Neural Networks Using an Evolution Strategy with Fuzzy Genotype Values

**Authors:**
Hidehiko Okada

**Abstract:**

Evolution strategy (ES) is a well-known instance of evolutionary algorithms, and there have been many studies on ES. In this paper, the author proposes an extended ES for solving fuzzy-valued optimization problems. In the proposed ES, genotype values are not real numbers but fuzzy numbers. Evolutionary processes in the ES are extended so that it can handle genotype instances with fuzzy numbers. In this study, the proposed method is experimentally applied to the evolution of neural networks with fuzzy weights and biases. Results reveal that fuzzy neural networks evolved using the proposed ES with fuzzy genotype values can model hidden target fuzzy functions even though no training data are explicitly provided. Next, the proposed method is evaluated in terms of variations in specifying fuzzy numbers as genotype values. One of the mostly adopted fuzzy numbers is a symmetric triangular one that can be specified by its lower and upper bounds (LU) or its center and width (CW). Experimental results revealed that the LU model contributed better to the fuzzy ES than the CW model, which indicates that the LU model should be adopted in future applications of the proposed method.

**Keywords:**
Neuroevolution,
evolutionary algorithm,
fuzzy number,
evolution strategy,
feedforward neural network

**Digital Object Identifier (DOI):**
doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1109153

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