Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31168
Characterization of Brewery Wastewater Composition

Authors: Abimbola M. Enitan, Josiah Adeyemo, Sheena Kumari, Feroz M. Swalaha, Faizal Bux


Industries produce millions of cubic meters of effluent every year and the wastewater produced may be released into the surrounding water bodies, treated on-site or at municipal treatment plants. The determination of organic matter in the wastewater generated is very important to avoid any negative effect on the aquatic ecosystem. The scope of the present work is to assess the physicochemical composition of the wastewater produced from one of the brewery industry in South Africa. This is to estimate the environmental impact of its discharge into the receiving water bodies or the municipal treatment plant. The parameters monitored for the quantitative analysis of brewery wastewater include biological oxygen demand (BOD5), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solids, volatile suspended solids, ammonia, total oxidized nitrogen, nitrate, nitrite, phosphorus and alkalinity content. In average, the COD concentration of the brewery effluent was 5340.97 mg/l with average pH values of 4.0 to 6.7. The BOD5 and the solids content of the wastewater from the brewery industry were high. This means that the effluent is very rich in organic content and its discharge into the water bodies or the municipal treatment plant could cause environmental pollution or damage the treatment plant. In addition, there were variations in the wastewater composition throughout the monitoring period. This might be as a result of different activities that take place during the production process, as well as the effects of peak period of beer production on the water usage.

Keywords: Environmental Pollution, Industrial Effluents, brewery wastewater, physicochemical composition

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 9572


[1] South African Breweries plc. (SAB). 2001. Corporate Citizenship Review.
[2] Simate, G. S., Cluett, J., Iyuke, S. E., Musapatika, E. T., Ndlovu, S., Walubita, L. F. and Alvarez, A. E. 2011. The treatment of brewery wastewater for reuse: State of the art. Desalination, 273 (2-3): 235-247.
[3] Islam, M., Khan, H., Das, A., Akhtar, M., Oki, Y. and Adochi, T. 2006. Impacts of industrial effluents on plant growth and soil properties. Soil and Environment, 25 (2): 113-118.
[4] Danazumi, S. and Hassan, M. 2010. Industrial pollution and implication on source of water supply in Kano, Nigeria. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 10 (1): 101-109.
[5] Kanu, I. and Achi, O. 2011. Industrial effluents and their impact on water quality of receiving rivers in Nigeria. Journal of Applied Technology in Environmental Sanitation, 1 (1): 75-86.
[6] Kovoor, P. P., Idris, M. R., Hassan, M. H. and Yahya, T. F. T. 2012. A study conducted on the impact of effluent waste from machining process on the environment by water analysis. International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering, 3:21.
[7] Phiri, O., Mumba, P., Moyo, B. and Kadewa, W. 2005. Assessment of the impact of industrial effluents on water quality of receiving rivers in urban areas of Malawi. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 2 (3): 237-244.
[8] Baig, S., Mahmood, Q., Nawab, B., Hussain, A. and Nafees, M. 2010. Assessment of Seasonal Variation in Surface Water Quality of Chitral River, North West Frontier Province, (NWFP). Pakistan World Applied Science Journal, 9 (6): 674-680.
[9] Ipeaiyeda, A. R. and Onianwa, P. C. 2012. Impact of brewery effluent on water quality of the Olosun River in Ibadan, Nigeria. Chemistry and Ecology, 25 (3): 189-204.
[10] APHA–AWWA–WPCF, Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 1999. 20th ed. Washington, DC, USA. American Public Health Association/American Water Works Association/Water Environment Federation.
[11] Lowry, O. H., Rosebrough, N. J., Farr, A. L. and Randall, R. J. 1951. Protein measurement with the folin phenol reagent. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 193 (1): 265-275.
[12] Driessen, W. and Vereijken, T. 2003. Recent developments in biological treatment of brewery effluent. The Institute and Guild of Brewing Convention, Livingstone, Zambia, March 2-7.
[13] Department of Public Works Republic of South Africa. 2012. Small domestic wastewater treatment plant guideline. p. 18.
[14] Adeniyi, O. D. 2002. Development of a conceptual mathematical model to predict effluent discharge. Journal of Brewery Effluent Management. FUTA, Minna, Nigeria, 1: 2-3.
[15] Inyang, U. E., Bassey, E. N. and Inyang, J. D. 2012. Characterization of Brewery Effluent Fluid. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 4: 67-77.
[16] Ikhu-Omoregbe, D., Kuipa, P. K. and Hove, M. 2005. An assessment of the quality of liquid effluents from opaquebeer-brewing plants in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. Water SA, 31 (1): 141-150.
[17] Parawira, W., Kudita, I., Nyandoroh, M. G. and Zvauya, R. 2005. A study of industrial anaerobic treatment of opaque beer brewery wastewater in a tropical climate using a full-scale UASB reactor seeded with activated sludge. Process Biochemistry, 40: 593–599.
[18] Rao, A. G., Reddy, T. S. K., Prakash, S. S., Vanajakshi, J., Joseph, J. and Sarma, P. N. 2007. pH regulation of alkaline wastewater with carbon dioxide: A case study of treatment of brewery wastewater in UASB reactor coupled with absorber. Bioresource Technology, 98 (11): 2131-2136.
[19] Enitan, A. M., Swalaha, F. M., Adeyemo, J. and Bux, F. 2014. Assessment of Brewery Effluent Composition from A Beer Producing Industry In KwaZulu–Natal, South Africa. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 23 (3): 693-701.
[20] Kilani, J. S. 1993. A compatibility study of the effects of dairy and brewery effluents on the treatability of domestic sewage. Water SA, 19 (3): 247-252.
[21] Dupont, R. R., Theodore, L. and Ganesan, K. 2000. Pollution prevention: the waste management approach for the 21st Century. Lewis Publishers. 187-250.
[22] Ahn, Y.-H., Min, K.-S and Speece, R. E. 2010. Full scale UASB reactor performance in the brewery industry. Environmental Technology, 22: 463-476.
[23] Diaz, E. E., Stams, A. J. M., Amils, R. and Sanz, J. L. 2006. Phenotyic properties and microbial diversity of methanogenic granules from a full scale upflow anaerobic sludge bed reactor treating brewery wastewater. Appl. Env. Microbiol., 72 (7): 4942-4949.
[24] Rüffer, H., Rosenwinkel, K.-H. E., Industrieabwasserreinigung, T. d. and München, W. 1991. R. Oldenbourg Verlag.