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Modeling Residential Space Heating Energy for Romania

Authors: Ion Smeureanu, Adriana Reveiu, Marian Dardala, Titus Felix Furtuna, Roman Kanala

Abstract:

This paper proposes a linear model for optimizing domestic energy consumption in Romania. The particularity of the model is that it is putting in competition both tangible technologies and thermal insulation projects with different financing modes. The model is optimizing the energy system by minimizing the global discounted cost in household sector, by integrating residential lighting, space heating, hot water, combined space heating – hot water, as well as space cooling, in a monolithic model. Another demand sector included is the passenger transport. This paper focuses on space heating part, analyzing technical and economic issues related to investment decisions to envelope and insulate buildings, in order to minimize energy consumption.

Keywords: Consumer behavior, energy modelling, Open Source Energy Modeling System (OSeMOSYS), MARKAL/TIMES Romanian energy model.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1107698

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References:


[1] EUROSTAT, http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained/ index.php/ Consumption_of_energy, December 2013.
[2] ETSAP Tools: MARKAL, http://www.iea-etsap.org/web/Markal.asp
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[7] Population and Housing Census, 2011, http://www.recensamantromania.ro/rezultate-2/.
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[9] R. Kanala, E. Fragnière, F. Moresino, Extension of the Social MARKAL Concept to Residential Heating in TIMES Romania Country Model, Conference Energy for Sustainability 2013, Sustainable Cities: Designing for People and the Planet, Coimbra, 8-10 September 2013.