Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30663
The Role of Online Deliberation on Citizens’ Attitudes

Authors: Georgios Lappas, Amalia Triantafillidou, Prodromos Yannas, Alexandros Kleftodimos

Abstract:

In this paper, an experiment was conducted to assess the impact of online deliberation on citizens’ attitudes. Specifically, this research compared pre and post deliberation opinions of participants who deliberated online via an asynchronous platform regarding the issue of political opinion polls. Results indicate that online deliberation had a positive effect on citizens’ attitudes since it was found that following deliberation participants changed their views regarding public opinion polls. Specifically, online deliberation improved discussants perceptions regarding the reliability of polls, while suppressing their negative views about the misuse of polls by media, polling organizations and politicians.

Keywords: e-democracy, attitudes change, online deliberation, opinion polls

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1338366

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1430

References:


[1] B. I. Page, Who deliberates?: Mass media in modern democracy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
[2] J. Gastil (2000), “Is face-to-face citizen deliberation a luxury or a necessity?” Political Communication, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 357-361, 2000.
[3] S. Chambers, “Rhetoric and the public sphere: has deliberative democracy abandoned mass democracy?” Political Theory, doi: 10.1177/0090591709332336, 2009.
[4] R.E. Goodin, and J. S. Dryzek, “Deliberative impacts: the macropolitical uptake of mini-publics, Politics & Society, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 219-244, 2006.
[5] S. Niemeyer, “The emancipatory effect of deliberation: empirical lessons from mini-publics”, Politics & Society, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 103- 140, 2011.
[6] S. Wright, and J. Street, “Democracy, deliberation and design: the case of online discussion forums”, New Media & Society, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 849-869, 2007
[7] T. Graham, and T, Witschge, “In search of online deliberation: Towards a new method for examining the quality of online discussions”, Communications-sankt Augustin then Berlin, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 173-204, 2003.
[8] X. Zhou, Y. Y. Chan, and Z. M. Peng, “Deliberativeness of online political discussion: A content analysis of the Guangzhou Daily website”. Journalism Studies, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 759-770, 2008.
[9] A. Mitra, “Marginal voices in cyberspace”, New Media & Society, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 29-48, 2001.
[10] D. Janssen and R. Kies, “Online forums and deliberative democracy”, Acta política, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 317-335, 2004.
[11] Z. Papacharissi, “Democracy online: Civility, politeness, and the democratic potential of online political discussion groups”, New Media & Society, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 259-283, 2004.
[12] S. Albrecht, “Whose voice is heard in online deliberation?: A study of participation and representation in political debates on the internet”, Information, Community and Society, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 62-82, 2006.
[13] M. T. Loveland and D. Popescu, “Democracy on the Web: Assessing the deliberative qualities of Internet forums”, Information, Communication & Society, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 684-703, 2011.
[14] A. G. Wilhelm, “Virtual sounding boards: How deliberative is on‐line political discussion?”, Information Communication & Society, vol.1, no. 3, pp. 313-338, 1998.
[15] S. Wright, “Politics as usual? Revolution, normalization and a new agenda for online deliberation”, New Media & Society, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 244-261, 2012.
[16] L. Dahlberg, “The Internet and democratic discourse: Exploring the prospects of online deliberative forums extending the public sphere”, Information, Communication & Society, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 615-633, 2001.
[17] S. Chambers, Reasonable democracy: Jiirgen Habermas and the politics of discourse (Vol. 11). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1996.
[18] S. Chambers, “Deliberative democratic theory”, Annual Review of Political Science, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 307-326, 2003.
[19] S. Iyengar, R. C. Luskin and J. S. Fishkin, “Facilitating informed public opinion: evidence from face-to-face and on-line deliberative polls”, Presented at Annu. Meet. Am. Polit. Sci. Assoc., Philadelphia, 2003.
[20] J. W. Rhee and E. Kim, “Deliberation on the Net: Lessons from a Field Experiment”. Online Deliberation: Design, Research, and Practice, eds. T. Davies and S. P. Gangadharan, 223-232. Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications, 2009.
[21] R. C. Luskin, J. S. Fishkin, and S. Iyengar. “Considered Opinions on U.S. Foreign Policy: Face-to-Face versus Online Deliberative Polling”. Paper presented at the International Communication Association, New Orleans, LA, 2004
[22] K. Strandberg and K. Grönlund 2012), “Online Deliberation and Its Outcome—Evidence from the Virtual Polity Experiment”, Journal of Information Technology & Politics, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 167-184.
[23] V. Price, “Citizens deliberating online: Theory and some evidence”. In T. Davies and B. S. Noveck (Eds.), Online deliberation: Research and practice (pp. 37–58). Chicago: Chicago Universiry Press, 2006.
[24] M. X. Delli-Carpini, F. L. Cook, and L. R. Jacobs,”Public deliberation, discursive participation, and citizen engagement: A review of the empirical literature”. Annu. Rev. Polit. Sci., vol. 7, pp. 315-344, 2004
[25] S. J. Min, “Online vs. face‐to‐face deliberation: Effects on civic engagement”. Journal of Computer‐Mediated Communication, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1369-1387, 2007.
[26] K. Grönlund, K.. Strandberg and S. Himmelroos, “The challenge of deliberative democracy online–A comparison of face-to-face and virtual experiments in citizen deliberation”. Information Polity, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 187-201, 2009.