Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30309
Human Trafficking: The Kosovar Perspective of Fighting the Phenomena through Police and Civil Society Cooperation

Authors: Samedin Mehmeti

Abstract:

The rationale behind this study is considering combating and preventing the phenomenon of trafficking in human beings from a multidisciplinary perspective that involves many layers of the society. Trafficking in human beings is an abhorrent phenomenon highly affecting negatively the victims and their families in both human and material aspect, sometimes causing irreversible damages. The longer term effects of this phenomenon, in countries with a weak economic development and extremely young and dynamic population, such as Kosovo, without proper measures to prevented and control can cause tremendous damages in the society. Given the fact that a complete eradication of this phenomenon is almost impossible, efforts should be concentrated at least on the prevention and controlling aspects. Treating trafficking in human beings based on traditional police tactics, methods and proceedings cannot bring satisfactory results. There is no doubt that a multi-disciplinary approach is an irreplaceable requirement, in other words, a combination of authentic and functional proactive and reactive methods, techniques and tactics. Obviously, police must exercise its role in preventing and combating trafficking in human beings, a role sanctioned by the law, however, police role and contribution cannot by any means considered complete if all segments of the society are not included in these efforts. Naturally, civil society should have an important share in these collaborative and interactive efforts especially in preventive activities such as: awareness on trafficking risks and damages, proactive engagement in drafting appropriate legislation and strategies, law enforcement monitoring and direct or indirect involvement in protective and supporting activities which benefit the victims of trafficking etc.

Keywords: Civil Society, Police, cooperation, trafficking in human beings

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1107023

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1223

References:


[1] Muharremi D. and Mehmeti S, “Handbook on Policing in Central and Eastern Europe,” Springer Publishing New York, 2013, pp. 129-142
[2] http://www.icty.org/x/cases/slobodan_milosevic/cis/en/cis_milosevic_sl obodan_en.pdf 15/11/2014 at 20:00.
[3] http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/missions/unmik/background.shtml 15/11/2014 at 20:15
[4] Center for Protection of Victims and Prevention of Trafficking in Human Beings, “Summary of five year Report January 2000 – December 2005” Prishtina, 2005. p. 05 http://www.pvptcenter.net/sq/ Downloads/English%20Report%20Final.pdf
[5] European Comision, Bruselas 2013. http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/pdf/ key_documents/2013/package/ks_rapport_2013.pdf, 16.09.2014, 21:18
[6] Kosovo police “Annual Report 2012”, Kosovo, Prishtina, 2012 and Kosovo police “Annual Report 2013”, Kosovo, Prishtina, 2013.
[7] http://ask.rks-gov.net/ 18.11.2014, 19:20.
[8] Conflict Prevention Forum, “Bagging in Kosovo and its impact on peoples safety”, Prishtina, 2014. p.02
[9] Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and children, known as the Palermo Protocol, adopted by the General Assembly of the UN, with 15 November 2000.
[10] Hyland K, “The Impact of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children”, Washington, 2001.
[11] Criminal Code of Kosovo, 04/L-082, Kosovo Parliament, Kosovo, Prishtina, 2012. Article 171, Par. 6, Sec 6.1.
[12] Criminal Code of Kosovo, 04/L-082, Kosovo Parliament, Kosovo, Prishtina, 2012. Article 171, Par. 6, Sec 6.2
[13] Kosovo Police, “Annual Report, Prishtina, Kosovo, 2013. p.23. http://www.kosovopolice.com/repository/docs/RAPORTI_ANGLISHT_ 2013.pdf
[14] Hicks J. & Grahame A. “A Century of Change:Trends in UK statistics since 1900”, Research Paper 99/111, UK House of Commons, December 1999. http://www.parliament.uk/documents/commons/lib/ research/rp99/rp99-111.pdf 30.11.2014 19:30
[15] Kosovo police “Annual Report 2011”, Kosovo, Prishtina, 2011.
[16] http://politiko.net/arrestohen-6-persona-per-trafikim-qenie-njerezore/ 29.11.2014 18:00.
[17] Kosovo police “Annual Report 2011”, Kosovo, Prishtina, 2011.
[18] Scholte J. 2004, “Government and Opposition” the publication on “Civil Society and Democratically Accountable Global Governance”, Published by Blackwell Publishing, 9600 Garsington Road, Oxford OX4 2DQ, UK and 350 Main, Ltd 2004. Street, Malden, MA 02148, USA. p.212 http://disciplinas.stoa.usp.br/pluginfile.php/161152/mod_resource/conte nt/1/Scholte%202004.pdf
[19] United Nations Office of Human Rights Commisioner, “Working with the United Nations Human Rights Programme A Handbook for Civil Society”, New York and Geneva, 2008. http://www.ohchr.org/en/ AboutUs/CivilSociety/Documents/Handbook_en.pdf
[20] http://www.kosovapress.com/sq/nacionale/shoqeria-civile-ne-kosovenuk- ka-autonomi-5706/ 18.10.2014, 18:10
[21] http://www.transconflict.com/approach/think/policy/human-securitythrough- civil-society-in-post-war-kosovo 19.10.2014, 11:00
[22] https://encryptedtbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRQkRQotv7R ZIOhJ8TZ9TPSPAp53g8shFnkkO-X-1kM8k7E89Jp2Q 19.10.2014, 13:00
[23] http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/prevention 21.10.2104, 18:15
[24] Central Bank of the Republik of Kosovo, “Financial Sector Buletin”Kosovo, Prishtina, 2009, p. 09. http://www.bqk-kos.org/ repository/docs/2010/Bulletin_no.8.pdf
[25] Kosovar Institute for Policy Research and Development, “Strengthening Rule of Law in Kosovo: The Fight Against Corruption And Organised Crime”, Kosovo, Prishtina, November 2010. p.05. http://www.kipred.org/advCms/documents/40064_RoL_fight_against_c orruption.pdf
[26] Program of the school book of class IX, “Civic Education”, Kosovo Prishtina, 2012. http://www.masht-gov.net/advCms/documents/ klasa_9_EDUKATeE_QYTETARE.pdf 21.10.2104, 20:25
[27] http://www.kosovapress.com/sq/arkiva/fillon-fushata-kunder-trafikimitme- qenie-njerezore-33532/?old=1 21.10.2104, 20:50.
[28] Minstiy of Internal Affairs, Bulletin No 01, Kosovo, Prishtina. October 2013. http://www.mpb-ks.org/repository/docs/Buletini_i_MPB.pdf
[29] http://www.mpb-ks.org/?page=1,46,615 21.10.2104, 21:30.
[30] http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1797491/ 22.10.2104, 19:50
[31] http://www.eulex-kosovo.eu/al/news/000478.php 22.10.2104, 17:10
[32] http://live.kallxo.com/sq/MTL/Qeniet-Njerezore-Nuk-Duhet-te-Kene- Cmim-2694 22.10.2104, 18:40
[33] http://www.rtklive.com/?id=2&r=11486 27.11.2014 18:00
[34] http://www.osce.org/sq/kosovo/96466 23.10.2104, 19:30