Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31242
Using of Cavitation Disperser, for Porous Ceramic and Concrete Material Preparation

Authors: A. Shishkin, A. Korjakins, V. Mironovs


Present paper describes method of obtaining clay ceramic foam (CCF) and foam concrete (FC), by direct foaming with high speed mixer-disperser (HSMD). Three foaming agents (FA) are compared for the FC and CCF production: SCHÄUMUNGSMITTEL W 53 FLÜSSIG (Zschimmer & Schwarz Gmbh, Germany), SCF- 1245 (Sika, test sample, Latvia) and FAB-12 (Elade, Latvija). CCF were obtained at 950, 1000°C, 1150°C and 1150°C firing temperature and have mechanical compressive strength 1.2, 2.55 and 4.3 MPa and porosity 79.4, 75.1, 71.6%, respectively. Obtained FC has 6-14 MPa compressive strength and porosity 44-55%. The goal of this work was development of a sustainable and durable ceramic cellular structures using HSMD.

Keywords: ceramic foam, foam concrete, clay foam, open cell, close cell, direct foaming

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2103


[1] G. Stephani and M. Scheffler, “Cellular Materials - CELLMAT 2012,” 2012. (Online). Available:
[2] A. Shishkin, V. Mironovs, V. Zemchenkov, and I. Hussainova, “Alumina-silica hollow microspheres in metallo-ceramic matrix composite.,” in Proc. CellMAT 2014, 2014, p. CD.
[3] E. Prud’homme, P. Michaud, E. Joussein, C. Peyratout, a. Smith, and S. Rossignol, “In situ inorganic foams prepared from various clays at low temperature,” Appl. Clay Sci., vol. 51, no. 1–2, pp. 15–22, Jan. 2011.
[4] E. Prud’homme, P. Michaud, E. Joussein, C. Peyratout, A. Smith, S. Arrii-Clacens, J. M. Clacens, and S. Rossignol, “Silica fume as porogent agent in geo-materials at low temperature,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., vol. 30, no. 7, pp. 1641–1648, May 2010.
[5] M. S. Cilla, M. R. Morelli, and P. Colombo, “Open cell geopolymer foams by a novel saponification/peroxide/gelcasting combined route,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., vol. 34, no. 12, pp. 3133–3137, Oct. 2014.
[6] R. L. Menchavez and L.-A. S. Intong, “Red clay-based porous ceramic with pores created by yeast-based foaming technique,” J. Mater. Sci., vol. 45, no. 23, pp. 6511–6520, Jul. 2010.
[7] A. Polykov and E. Polykova, “Mixser-Disperser,” DE202007014913.12007.
[8] A. Polykov and E. Polykova, “Dispergators-maisītājs,” 13592 B2007.
[9] A. Polykov, V. Mironovs, A. Shishkin, and J. Baronins, “Preparation of Coal-Water Slurries Using a High – Speed Mixer – Disperser,” in Proc. 4th International Scientific Conference Civil Engineering’ 13, 2013, pp. 77–81.
[10] RĪGAS_ŪDENS, “Riga Municipal Service Water Quality,” 2015. (Online). Available: (Accessed: 02-Feb-2015).
[11] M. Takahashi, K. Adachi, R. L. Menchavez, and M. Fuji, “Fabrication of semi-conductive ceramics by combination of gelcasting and reduction sintering,” J. Mater. Sci., vol. 41, no. 7, pp. 1965–1972, 2006.
[12] Korjakins, A., Upeniece, L., Bajāre, D. Obtaining efficiency porous ceramics with controlling size of porosity. Advanced Materials Research, 2014, 925, pp. 464-468
[13] Justs, J., Wyrzykowski, M., Winnefeld, F., Bajare, D., Lura, P. Influence of superabsorbent polymers on hydration of cement pastes with low water-to-binder ratio: A calorimetry study Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, January 2014, Volume 115, Issue 1, pp 425-432