Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30296
A Quantitative Study of the Evolution of Open Source Software Communities

Authors: M. Olmedilla, M. R. Martinez-Torres, S. L. Toral

Abstract:

Typically, virtual communities exhibit the well-known phenomenon of participation inequality, which means that only a small percentage of users is responsible of the majority of contributions. However, the sustainability of the community requires that the group of active users must be continuously nurtured with new users that gain expertise through a participation process. This paper analyzes the time evolution of Open Source Software (OSS) communities, considering users that join/abandon the community over time and several topological properties of the network when modeled as a social network. More specifically, the paper analyzes the role of those users rejoining the community and their influence in the global characteristics of the network.

Keywords: Virtual Communities, Social Network Analysis, Time series, Open Source Communities

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1100705

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1648

References:


[1] M. R. Martinez-Torres, M. C. Diaz-Fernandez, Current issues and research trends on open-source software communities, Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, Vol. 26, Iss. 1, pp. 55-68, 2014.
[2] L. Dahlander, M. G. Magnusson, Relationships between open source software companies and communities: Observations from Nordic firms, Research Policy, Vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 481–493, 2005.
[3] S. L. Toral, M. R. Martinez-Torres, F. Barrero, Modelling Mailing List Behaviour in Open Source Projects: the Case of ARM Embedded Linux, Journal of Universal Computer Science, Vol. 15, Iss. 3, pp. 648-664, 2009.
[4] M. S. Zanetti, E. Sarigol, I. Scholtes, C. J. Tessone, F. Schweitzer, A Quantitative Study of Social Organisation in Open Source Software Communities, Proc. Imperial College Computing Student Workshop ICCSW 2012, London, 2012, pp. 116–122.
[5] A. Mockus, T. Fielding, and D. Herbsleb, Two Case Studies of Open Source Software Development: Apache and Mozilla, ACM Trans. Software Eng. and Methodology, Vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 309-346, 2002.
[6] E. von Hippel, G. von Krogh, Open Source Software and the “Private- Collective” Innovation Model: Issues for Organization Science, Organization Science, Vol. 14, Iss. 2, pp. 209-223, 2003.
[7] S. L. Toral, M. R. Martínez-Torres, F. Barrero, F. Cortés, An empirical study of the driving forces behind online communities, Internet Research, Vol. 19, Iss. 4, pp. 378-392, 2009.
[8] S. L. Toral, M. R. Martínez-Torres, F. Barrero, Analysis of virtual communities supporting OSS projects using Social Network Analysis, Information & Software Technology, Vol. 52, Iss. 3, pp. 296-303, 2010.
[9] G. von Krogh, E. von Hippel, The promise of research on open source software, Management Science, Vol. 52, pp. 975-983, 2006.
[10] M. R. Martinez-Torres, A genetic search of patterns of behaviour in OSS communities, Expert Systems With Applications, Vol. 39, Iss. 18, pp. 13182-13192, 2012.
[11] M.P. Rombach, M.A. Porter, J.H. Fowler and P.J. Mucha, "Coreperiphery structure in networks", Slam J. Appl. Math, Vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 187-190, 2014.
[12] S. Koch, Evolution of Open Source Software Systems – A Large-Scale Investigation, Proceedings of the First International Conference on Open Source Systems, Genova, 2005, pp. 148-153.
[13] E. Wenger, Communities of practice: learning, meaning, and identity, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
[14] S. L. Toral, M. R. Martínez-Torres, F. Barrero, Virtual communities as a resource for the development of OSS projects: the case of Linux ports to embedded processors, Behaviour & Information Technology, Vol. 28, Iss. 5, pp. 405-419, 2009.
[15] J. Lave and E. Wenger, Situated learning: Legitimate peripheral participation. Cambridge University Press, 1991.
[16] C. Kimble, P. Hildreth, and P. Wright, Communities of practice: Going virtual. In Hildreth, Paul M. and Kimble, Chris, editors, Knowledge Networks: Innovation through Communities of Practice, Idea Group Publishing, 220-234, 2000.
[17] P.A. David, F. Rullani, Dynamics of innovation in an open source collaboration environment: Lurking, laboring and launching floss projects on Sourceforge. Industrial and Corporate Change, Vol. 17, Iss. 4, pp. 647–710, 2008.
[18] K. Handley, A. Sturdy, R. Fincham, and T. Clark, Within and beyond communities of practice: Making sense of learning through participation, identity and practice, Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 43, Iss. 3, pp. 641–653, 2006.
[19] Y. Fang, D. Neufeld, Understanding Sustained Participation in Open Source Software Projects, Journal of Management Information Systems, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 9–50, 2009.
[20] N. Ducheneaut, Socialization in an Open Source Software Community: A Socio-Technical Analysis, Computer Supported Cooperative Work, Vol. 14, pp. 323–368, 2005.
[21] J. Mateos-Garcia & W. E. Steinmueller, “The institutions of open source software: Examining the Debian community”, Information Economics and Policy, Vol. 20, pp. 333–344, 2008.
[22] N. Knock, "Compensatory adaptation to a lean medium: An action research investigation of electronic communication in process involvement groups", IEEE Trans. on Professional Communication, Vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 267-285, 2001.