Failure to React Positively to Flood Early Warning Systems: Lessons Learned by Flood Victims from Flash Flood Disasters: The Malaysia Experience
This paper describes the issues relating to the role of the flash flood early warning system provided by the Malaysian Government to the communities in Malaysia, specifically during the flash flood disaster in the Cameron Highlands, Malaysia. Normally, flash flood disasters can occur as a result of heavy rainfall in an area, and that water may possibly cause flooding via streams or narrow channels. The focus of this study is the flash flood disaster which occurred on 23 October 2013 in the Cameron Highlands, and as a result the Sungai Bertam overflowed after the release of water from the Sultan Abu Bakar Dam. This release of water from the dam caused flash flooding which led to damage to properties and also the death of residents and livestock in the area. Therefore, the effort of this study is to identify the perceptions of the flash flood victims on the role of the flash flood early warning system. For the purposes of this study, data were gathered through face-to-face interviews from those flood victims who were willing to participate in this study. This approach helped the researcher to glean in-depth information about their feelings and perceptions of the role of the flash flood early warning system offered by the government. The data were analysed descriptively and the findings show that the respondents of 22 flood victims believe strongly that the flash flood early warning system was confusing and dysfunctional, and communities had failed to response positively to it. Therefore, most of the communities were not well prepared for the releasing of water from the dam which caused property damage, and 3 people were killed in the Cameron Highland flash flood disaster.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1100585Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2182
 Arahan No. 20, Dasar dan mekanisme pengurusan bencana negara. Majlis Keselamatan Negara, Jabatan Perdana Menteri Malaysia, 2012.
 Balek, J., Hydrology and water resources in tropical regions. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1983.
 Becker, S. M., Emergency communication and information issues in terrorist events involving radioactive materials. Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: biodefense strategy, practice, and science, 2(3), 195-207, 2004.
 Chan N. W. & Parker, D. J., Response to dynamic flood hazard factors in Peninsular Malaysia. The Geographical Journal 162(3), pp.313-325, 1996.
 Collins, M. L., & Kapucu, N., Early warning systems and disaster preparedness and response in local government. Disaster Prevention and Management. 17(5), 587-600, 2008.
 Chia, C. W., Managing flood problems in Malaysia. Buletin in Genieur, 38-43, 2004.
 Diaz, J. H., The public health impact of hurricanes and major flooding. The Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society. 156(3), 145-150, 2004.
 Du, W.. Policy analysis of disaster health management in china. Diambil dari tesis PhD, Queensland University, 2010.
 Harian Metro, Tengku Mahkota Pahang mahu SOP di kaji semula, 25 Oct. 2013.
 Loi, H. K., Flood mitigation and flood risk management in Malaysia. Department of Irrigation and Drainage Malaysia, 1996.
 Muhammad Barzani Gasim, Salmijah Surif, Mazlin Mokhtar, Mohd. Ekhwan Hj. Toriman, Sahibin Abd. Rahim & Chong Huei Bee, Analisis Banjir Disember 2006: tumpuan di kawasan bandar segamat, johor. sains Malaysia. 39(3), 353–361, 2010.
 Mileti, D. S., & Sorensen, J. H., Communication of emergency public warnings. Federal emergency management agency. Washington D.C., 1990.
 McBean, G., Risk mitigation strategies for tornadoes in the context of climate change and development. In C. Haque (Ed.), Mitigation of natural hazards and disasters: International perspectives. pp. 25-34, 2005.
 S.H.M. Fakhruddin, Emergency communications for disaster management. Asian Disaster Preparedness Center. 13(1), 1- 25, 2007.
 United Nations. International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR), Living with Risk. A global review of disaster reduction initiatives. United Nations publication. I: ISBN 92-1-101064-0, 2004.
 Zhen-Yao Wang, Yuan-Chang Zhen & Ji-Xun Li, Early warning systems for the reduction of natural disaster in China. In Zschau J. & Kuppers A. (eds), Early warning system for natural disaster reduction (pp. 15-18). New York, 2003.