Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31181
The Use of Social Networking Sites in eLearning

Authors: Clifford De Raffaele, Luana Bugeja, Serengul Smith


The adaptation of social networking sites within higher education has garnered significant interest in the recent years with numerous researches considering it as a possible shift from the traditional classroom based learning paradigm. Notwithstanding this increase in research and conducted studies however, the adaption of SNS based modules have failed to proliferate within Universities. This paper commences its contribution by analyzing the various models and theories proposed in literature and amalgamate together various effective aspects for the inclusion of social technology within e-Learning. A three phased framework is further proposed which details the necessary considerations for the successful adaptation of SNS in enhancing the students learning experience. This proposal outlines the theoretical foundations which will be analyzed in practical implementation across international university campuses.

Keywords: Higher Education, Student Learning, eLearning, social network sites

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1834


[1] Y.-L. Wu, Y.-H. Tao, C.-P. Li, S.-H. Wang, C.-Y. Chiu, “Userswitching behavior in social network sites: A model perspective with drill-down analyses,” in Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 33, pp. 92-103, 2014.
[2] N. Dabbagh, & A. Kitsantas, “Personal Learning Environments, social media, and self-regulated learning: A natural formula for connecting formal and informal learning,” in The Internet and Higher Education, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 3–8, 2012.
[3] G. Attwell, “Personal Learning Environments - the future of eLearning?” in eLearning Papers, vol. 2, Jan. 2007.
[4] T. E. Bosch, “Using online social networking for teaching and learning: Facebook use at the University of Cape Town.” In South African Journal for Communication Theory and Research, vol. 35, no. 2, pp.185–200, 2009.
[5] P. N. H. Jabr, “Social Networking as a Tool for Extending Academic Learning and Communication,” in International Journal of Business and Social Science, vol. 2, no. 12, pp. 93–102, 2011.
[6] R.Ventura, M. J.Quero, “Using Facebook in University Teaching: A Practical Case Study,” in Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 83, pp. 1032–1038, 2013.
[7] H. Ajjan, R. Hartshorne, “Investigating faculty decisions to adopt Web 2.0 technologies: Theory and empirical tests,” in The Internet and Higher Education, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 71–80, 2008.
[8] K. Maney, “Next: An Internet Revolution” in Higher Education. Bloomberg Businessweek, 2009.
[9] C. McGloughlin, M. J. Lee, “Personalised and self-regulated learning in the Web 2.0 era: International exemplars of innovative pedagogy using social software,” in Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 28–43, 2010.
[10] B. L. Jones, Web 2.0 Heroes: Interviews with 20 Web 2.0 Influencers. John Wiley & Sons, pp 273, 2008.
[11] C. M. K. Cheung, P.-Y. Chiu, M. K. O. Lee, “Online social networks: Why do students use Facebook?” in Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 1337–1343,2011.
[12] W. Clark, K. Logan, R. Luckin, A. Mee, M. Oliver, “Beyond Web 2.0: Mapping the technology landscapes of young learners,” in Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 56–69, 2009.
[13] A. Hemmi, S. Bayne, R. Landt, “The appropriation and repurposing of social technologies in higher education,” in Journal of Computed Assisted Learning, vol. 25, pp. 19–30, 2009.
[14] S. Agarwal, M. Mital, “An exploratory study of Indian university students’ use of social networking web sites: implications for the workplace,” in Business Communication Quarterly, vol. 72, pp. 105– 110, 2009.
[15] F. Shafique, M. Anwar, M. Bushra, “Exploitation of social media among university students: a case study,” in Webology, vol. 7, no. 2, 2010.
[16] I. Ahmed, T. F. Qazi, “Deciphering the social costs of Social Networking Sites ( SNSs ) for university students,” in African Journal of Business Management, vol. 5, no. 14, pp. 5664–5674,2011.
[17] A. Sengupta, A. Chaudhuri, “Are social networking sites a source of online harassment for teens? Evidence from survey data,” in Children and Youth Services Review, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 284–290, 2011.
[18] J. Pasek, K. Kenski, D. Romer, K. H. Jamieson, “America’s youth and community engagement: How use of mass media is related to civic activity and political awareness among 14 to 22 year olds,” in Communication Research, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 115–135, 2006.
[19] E. A. Kolek, D. Saunders, “Online disclosure: An empirical examination of undergraduate Facebook profiles,” in NAPSA Journal, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 1–25, 2008.
[20] T. Valjataga, K. Pata, K. Tammets, “Considering students’ perspective on personal and distributed learning environments,” in Web 2.0-based e- Learning: Applying social informatics for tertiary teaching, Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2011, pp. 85–107.
[21] M. Cho, S. Demei, J. Laffey, “Relationships between self-regulation and social experiences in asynchronous online learning environments,” in Journal of Interactive Learning Research, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 297–316, 2010.
[22] E. Rahimi, J. Van den Berg, W. Veen, “A framework for designing enhanced learning activities in web2.0-based Personal Learning Environments,” in World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications, pp. 2222–2231,2013.
[23] P. Mishra, M. J. Koehler, “Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge: A framework for teacher knowledge,” in Teachers College Record, vol. 108, no. 6, pp. 1017–1054, 2006.
[24] D. R. Garrison, M. Baynton, “Beyond Independence in distance education: The concept of control,” in The American Journal of Distance Education, vol. 1, no. 3, 1987.
[25] J. Hilton, “Essential versus strategic IT investments,” in EDUCAUSE Review, pp. 8-9, 2009.
[26] B. J. Zimmerman, “Attainment of self-regulation: A social cognitive perspective,” in Self-regulation: Theory, research, and applications, pp. 13–39, 2000.