Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30517
The Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oil of Salvia officinalis Harvested in Boumerdes

Authors: N. Meziou-Chebouti, A. Merabet, N. Behidj, F-Z. Bissaad

Abstract:

The Algeria by its location offers a rich and diverse vegetation. A large number of aromatic and medicinal plants grow spontaneously. The interest in these plants has continued to grow in recent years. Their particular properties due to the essential oil fraction can be utilized to treat microbial infections. To this end, and in the context of the valuation of the Algerian flora, we became interested in the species of the family Lamiaceae which is one of the most used as a global source of spices. The plant on which we have based our choice is a species of sage "Salvia officinalis" from the Isser localized region within the province of Boumerdes. This work focuses on the study of the antimicrobial activity of essential oil extracted from the leaves of Salvia officinalis. The extraction is carried out by essential oil hydrodistillation and reveals a yield of 1.06℅. The study of the antimicrobial activity of the essential oil by the method of at aromatogramme shown that Gram positive bacteria are most susceptible (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis) with a strong inhibition of growth. The yeast Candida albicans fungus Aspergillus niger and have shown moderately sensitive.

Keywords: Essential Oil, Salvia officinalis, aromatogram, anti-microbial activity

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1100306

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1453

References:


[1] T. Bahorun, B. Gressier, F. Trotin, C. Brunet, T. Dine, M. J. Luyckx Vasseur, M. Cazin, J.C. Cazin, and M. Pinkas, “Oxygen species scavenging activity of phenolique extracts from hawthorn fresh plant organs and pharmaceutical preparations,” Arzneiminittel-forschung. Drug Resear. 46 II (11), 1997, pp. 1086–1089.
[2] B. L. Bezanger, M. Pinkas et M. Torck, “Les plantes dans la thérapeutique moderne. Ed. Maloin. Paris, 1975, p. 469.
[3] P. Quezel, et S. Santa, “Nouvelle flore de l’Algérie et des Régions Désertiques Méridionales,” Ed. CNRS, Vol.2, 1963, p. 1170.
[4] A. Beloued, “Plantes médicinales d’Algérie. Ed. of. pub. Univ., Alger, 2005, p. 284.
[5] J. Bruneton, “ Pharmacognosie. Phytochimie et plantes médicinales,” Ed. tec et doc, Lavoisier, Paris, 1999, p. 1120.
[6] B. L. Bezanger, M. Pinkas, et M. Torck, “Plantes médicinales des régions tempérées. Ed. Maloin, Paris, 1990, p. 395.
[7] P. Schauenberg, “Guide des plantes médicinales. Analyse, description et utilisation de 400 plantes,” Ed. Delachaux. Paris, 2006, p. 396.
[8] J. K. Chalchat, L. P. Carry, C. Menut, G. R. Lamaty, M. Malhuret, and J. Chopineau, “Correlation between chemical composition and antimicrobial activity. VI. Activity of some African essential oils,” J. Essent. Oil Res., 1997, 9, pp. 67–75.
[9] S. Maric, M. Maksimovic, and M. Milos, “The impact of the Locality Altitudes and Stages of Developpement on the Volatile Constituants of Salvia officinalis L. from Bosnia and Herzegovina,” Journal of Essentielles Oil Research, 18(2), 2006, pp. 178–180.
[10] E. Teuscher, R. Anton, et A. Lobstein, “Plantes aromatiques. Épices aromates condiments et huile essentielle,” Ed. Lavoisier, Paris, 2005, p. 522.
[11] E. A. Hayouni, I. Chraief, M. Abedrabba, M. Bouix, J. Y. Leveau, M. Hammami, and M. Hamdi, “Tunisian Salvia officinalis L. and Schinus molle L. essential oils: Their chemical compositions and their preservative effects against Salmonella inoculated in minced beef meat,” INSAT, Tunisia, 2008, p. 251.
[12] A. Delamare, T. Ivete, M. Pistorello, L. Artico, A. Luciana, and E. Sergio, “Antibacterial activity of the essential oils of Salvia officinalis L. and Salvia triloba L. cultivated in South Brazil,” Food Chemistry, 2005, 100, pp. 603–608.
[13] M. Bouaziz, T. Yangui, S. Sayadi, and A. Dhouib, “Disinfectant properties of essential oils from Salvia officinalis L. cultivated in Tunisia,” Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2009, 47, pp. 2755–2760.
[14] M. Marino, C. Bersani, and G. Comi, “Impedance measurements to study the antimicrobial activity of essential oils from lamiaceae and compoitae,” Int. J. Food microbial, 2001, 6(7), pp. 187–195.
[15] S. Griffin, S. Wyllie, J. L. Markham, and N. Leachd, “The role of structure and molecular properties of terpenoides in determining their antimicrobial activity,” Flavour Frager J., 1999, 14, pp. 322–332.
[16] D. Miladinovié, and L. J. Miladinovié, “Antimicrobial activity of essential oil of sage from Serbia,” Facta universitatis Series: Physics Chemistry and Technology, 2000, 2(2), pp. 97–100.
[17] E. Guinoiseau “Molécules antibactériennes issues d’huiles essentielles séparation, identification et mode d’action.” Thése Doct; Univ. Corse, 2010, 272p.