Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30184
The Effect of Drug Prevention Programme Based On Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (Cbt) and Multidimensional Self Concept Module towards Resiliency and Aggression among At-Risk Youth in Malaysia

Authors: Mohammad Aziz Shah Mohamed Arip, Aslina Ahmad, Fauziah Mohd Sa'ad, Samsiah Mohd Jais, Syed Sofian Syed Salim

Abstract:

This experimental study evaluates the effect of using Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Multidimensional Self- Concept Model (MSCM) in a drug prevention programme to increase resiliency and reduce aggression among at-risk youth in Malaysia. A number of 60 (N=60) university students who were at-risk of taking drugs were involved in this study. Participants were identified with self-rating scales, Adolescent Resilience Attitude Scale (ARAS) and Aggression Questionnaire. Based on the mean score of these instruments, the participants were divided into the treatment group, and the control group. Data were analyzed using t-test. The finding showed that the mean score of resiliency was increased in the treatment group compared to the control group. It also shows that the mean score of aggression was reduced in the treatment group compared to the control group. Drug Prevention Programme was found to help in enhancing resiliency and reducing aggression among participants in the treatment group compared to the controlled group. Implications were given regarding the preventive actions on drug abuse among youth in Malaysia.

Keywords: Drug Prevention Programme, Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Multidimensional Self Concept Model (MSCM), resiliency, aggression, at-risk youth.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1099868

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1933

References:


[1] Adolescent Traumatic Stress and Substance Abuse Treatment Center.Substance Abuse: Intervention for Adolescent. Retrieved on 04 February 2013 from http://www.bu.edu/atssa/
[2] Agensi Anti-DadahKebangsaan (2012). Statistics and Drug Report 2012. Retrieved on 22 February, 2013 from http: www.aadk.gov.my
[3] Biscoe, B. & Harris, B. (1995). Adolescent Resiliency Attitude Scale Manual, Oklohama City, OK: Eagle Ridge Institute, Inc.
[4] Buss, A. H., &Perry, M. (1992). The aggression questionnaire. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 452-459.
[5] Farabee, David, Rawson, Richard, McCann & Michael (2002). Adoption of drug avoidance activities among patients in contingency management and cognitive-behavioral treatments. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 23(4), 343-350.
[6] Gilbert J. Botvin, Eli Baker, Linda Dusenbury, Stephanie Tortu, & Elizabeth M. Botvin (1990). Preventing Adolescent Drug Abuse through a Multimodal Cognitive-Behavioral Approach: Results of a 3-Yaer Study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 58 (4), 437-446.
[7] Hay. I., Byrne, M. & Butler, C. (2000). Evaluation of conflict, resolution and problem solving programmed to enhance adolescent’s self- concept. British Journal of Guidance and Counseling, 28(1), 101- 113.
[8] Khaidzir Ismail &Khairil Anwar (2011). Islamic Psychology: A Psychometric Approach At Risk Yourth. Journal of e-Bangi, 6 (1), 77-89.
[9] King, K. A., Vidourek, R. A., Davis, B. & McClellan, W. (2002). Increasing self-esteem and school connectedness through a multidimensional mentoring program. The Journal of School Health, 72 (7), 294- 299.
[10] Lawrence W. Sherman, Denise C. Gottfredson, Doris L. MacKenzie, John Eck, Peter Reuter & Shawn D. Bushway(1998). Preventing Crime: What Works, What Doesn’t, What’s Promising. National Institute of Justice: Research in Brief.
[11] Luthar, S.S. Cicchetti, D, & Becker, B. (2000). The construct of resilience: A critical evaluation and guidelines for future work. Child Development, 71, 543-562.
[12] MahmoodNazar Mohamed, Yahya Don, Mohamad Hassan &MuhamadDzahirKasa. (2005). Drug Prevention Education Program (SLAD): Is It Effective Reach goal? Northern University of Malaysia: National Anti Drug Agency.
[13] MahmoodNazarMohamad. (1992). Changes in self-esteem and self-defense mechanism use as an indicator of drug rehabilitation. Retrieved from http://www.uum.edu.myon 2 July 2014.
[14] MizanAdiliah Ahmad Ibrahim. (2001). Drug Abuse Counseling. Selangor: Putra University of Malaysia.
[15] Mohammad Aziz Shah Mohamed Arip, Mohammad NasirBistamam, Ahmad JaziminJusoh, Syed Sofian Syed SalimdanRoslee Ahmad (2012). Construction, Validity, and Reliability of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Group Coaching Module (CBT) Preventing of Students Problem Low Self. FRGS/KPT Research Unpublished. TanjongMalim: Sultan Idris Education University.
[16] Ronan, K. R., & Johnston, D. M. (2001). Correlates of hazard education programs for youth, risk analysis: An official publication of the society for risk. Analysis, 21 (6): 1055-1065. http://www.proquest.umi.com/pqdweb.
[17] Thomas, E.H., Bateman, R. W., Simon, B. D., O’Grady, K. E. &Carsell, S.B. (2002). An early community-based intervention for prevention of substance abuse and other delinquent behavior. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 31,(6), 459- 471.
[18] Widing, C. & Milne, A. (2006). Teach yourself cognitive behavioral therapy. London: Mcgraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
[19] Wilson David B., Leana C. Allen & Doris Layton MacKenzie. (2005). A Quantitative Review of Structured, Group-Oriented, Cognitive-Behavioral Programs for Offenders. Journal of Criminal Justice and Behavior, 32, 172–204.