Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30685
Feasibility Study and Developing Appropriate Hybrid Energy Systems in Regional Level

Authors: Ahmad Rouhani


Iran has several potential for using renewable energies, so use them could significantly contribute to energy supply. The purpose of this paper is to identify the potential of the country and select the appropriate DG technologies with consideration the potential and primary energy resources in the regions. In this context, hybrid energy systems proportionate with the potential of different regions will be determined based on technical, economic, and environmental aspect. In the following the proposed structure will be optimized in terms of size and cost. DG technologies used in this project include photovoltaic system, wind turbine, diesel generator and battery bank. The HOMER software is applied for choosing the appropriate structure and the optimization of system sizing. The results have been analyzed in terms of technical and economic. The performance and the cost of each project demonstrate the appropriate structure of hybrid energy system in that region.

Keywords: Renewable Energy, Iran, feasibility, hybrid energy system

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2277


[1] A. Zangeneh, S. Jadid, and A. Rahimi-Kian, “A hierarchical decision making model for the prioritization of distributed generation technologies: A case study for Iran” Energy Policy, Vol. 37, No. 12, pp. 5752–5763, 2009.
[2] A. Rouhani, S.H. Hosseini, and M. Raoofat, ‘Composite generation and transmission expansion planning considering distributed generation’ International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, Vol.62, Jun 2014, pp. 792-805.
[3] K. Agbossou, M. Kolhe, J. Hamelin, and T.K. Bose, “Performance of a Stand-Alone Renewable Energy System Based on Energy Storage as Hydrogen” IEEE Trans. on Energy Conversion, Vol. 19, No. 3, September 2004.
[4] F. Bonanno, A. Consoli, A. Raciti, B. Morgana, and U. Nocera, “Transient Analysis of Integrated Diese Wind Photovoltaic Generation Systems” IEEE Trans. on Energy Conversion, Vol. 14, No. 2, June 1999.
[5] M. Mousavi Badejani, M.A.S. Masoum and M. Kalanta, “Optimal Design and Modeling of Stand-Alone Hybrid PV-Wind Systems” Proc. Int. Conf. on Power Engineering. Australasia, pp. 1-6, Dec. 2007.
[6] D.B. Nelson, M.H. Nehrir, and C. Wang, “Unit Sizing of Stand-Alone Hybrid Wind/PV/Fuel Cell Power Generation Systems” IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting, PP 2116 – 2122, Vol. 3, 2005.
[7] A. Kashefi Kaviani, G.H. Riahy and SH.M. Kouhsari, “Optimal Design of a Reliable Hydrogen-based Stand-alone Wind/PV Generation System” Proc. Int. Conf. on Optimization of Electrical and Electronic Equipment, PP. 413 – 418, 2008.
[8] M. Hashem Nehrir, “A Course on Alternative Energy Wind/PV/Fuel Cell Power Generation” IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting, PP 6, 2006.
[9] T. Zhou, and B. Francois, “Modeling and control design of hydrogen production process for an active hydrogen/wind hybrid power system” ELSEVIER. International journal of hydrogen energy 34 (2009) 21 – 30.
[10] D. Ipsakisa, S. Voutetakis, P. Seferlis, F. Stergiopoulos, and C. Elmasides, “Power management strategies for a stand-alone power system using renewable energy sources and hydrogen storage” ELSEVIER. International journal of hydrogen energy (2008) 1 – 15.
[11] B. Zhang, Y. Yang, and L. Gan, “Dynamic Control of Wind/Photovoltaic Hybrid Power Systems Based on an Advanced Particle Swarm Optimization” Proc. Int. Conf. on Industrial Technology. PP. 1-6, 2008.
[12] A. Zahedi, “Technical Analysis of an Electric Power System Consisting of Solar PV Energy, Wind Power, and Hydrogen Fuel Cell” Universities Power Engineering Conference. Australasian, PP. 1-5, Dec. 2007.
[13] National Renewable Energy Laboratory (Online). Available:
[14] Renewable Energy Organization of Iran (Online). Available:
[15] NASA Surface Meteorology and Sola Energy (Online). Available:
[16] S. Jalilzadeh, A. Rouhani, H. Kord, and M. Nemati, “Optimum design of a hybrid Photovoltaic/Fuel Cell energy system for stand-alone applications,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Electrical Engineering, and Electronics (ECTI), vol. 1, pp. 152-155, Thailand, May 2009.
[17] A. Jalilvand, H. Kord, and A. Rouhani, “Design, Control and Power Management of a Hybrid PV/WG/FC System for Stand Alone Applications,” Electrical Power Distribution Conference (EPDC), Kerman, 2009.
[18] H. Kord and A. Rouhani, “An Integrated Hybrid Power Supply for Off-Grid Applications Fed by Wind/Photovoltaic/Fuel Cell Energy Systems,” Int. Power System Conference (PSC), Tehran, Nov. 2009.
[19] A. Rouhani, K. Mazlumi, and H. Kord, ‘Modeling of a Hybrid Power System for Economic Analysis and Environmental Impact in HOMER’ 18th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering, Iran, May 2010.
[20] B. Askari and M. Ameri, “The Effect of Fuel Price on the Economic Analysis of Hybrid (Photovoltaic/Diesel/Battery) Systems in Iran”, Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning, and Policy, vol. 6, pp. 357–377, 2011.