Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31107
Modeling and Simulation of Standalone Photovoltaic Charging Stations for Electric Vehicles

Authors: R. Mkahl, A. Nait-Sidi-Moh, M. Wack


Batteries of electric vehicles (BEV) are becoming more attractive with the advancement of new battery technologies and promotion of electric vehicles. BEV batteries are recharged on board vehicles using either the grid (G2V for Grid to Vehicle) or renewable energies in a stand-alone application (H2V for Home to Vehicle). This paper deals with the modeling, sizing and control of a photovoltaic stand-alone application that can charge the BEV at home. The modeling approach and developed mathematical models describing the system components are detailed. Simulation and experimental results are presented and commented.

Keywords: Modeling, Simulation, Electric Vehicles, Photovoltaic Energy, charging process, experimental tests, lead-acid batteries

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 3654


[1] M. G. Egan, D. L. O’Sullivan, J. G. Hayes, M.J. Willers, and C.P. Henze, “Power-factor-corrected single-stage inductive charger for electric vehicle batteries,” IEEE Trans. on Industrial Electronics, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 1217–1226, 2007.
[2] Z. P. Wang, P. Liu, H. B. Han, C. Lu, and T. Xin, “ Adistribution model of electric vehicle charging station,” Applied Mechanics and Materials, 44–47, pp. 1543–1548, 2011.
[3] A. Ruzmetov, A. Nait Sidi Moh, M. Bakhouya, J. Gaber, and M.Wack, “Optimal assignment and charging scheduling of electric vehicles,” IEEE International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference (IRSEC'13) Ouarzazate, Morocco, 10.1109/IRSEC.2013.6529691, pp. 537 –541, 2013.
[4] J. Song, Amir Toliyat, Dave Tuttle, and Alexis Kwasinski, “A Rapid Charging Station with an Ultracapacitor Energy Storage System for Plug-In Electrical Vehicles,” Electrical Machines and Systems (ICEMS), 2010, International Conference on, pp. 2003-2007, 2010.
[5] J. Baker, “New technology and possible advances in energy storage,” Energy Policy, vol. 36, pp. 4368–4373, 2008.
[6] A. Boucherit, “ Conception d’un convertisseur de puissance pour les véhicules électriques multi-sources,” Ph. D thesis of University Technologie de Belfort –Montbéliard, 2011.
[7] J. P. Trovão, P. G. Pereirinha, and H. M. Jorge, “Design Methodology of Energy Storage Systems for a Small Electric Vehicle,” World Electric Vehicle Journal, vol. 3, pp. 1–12, 2009.
[8] A. Nouh, “Contribution au développement d'un simulateur pour les véhicules électriques routiers,” Ph. D. thesis, University of Technologie Belfort-Montbeliard 2008.
[9] A. Cherif, M. Jraidi, and A. Dhouib, “A battery ageing model using in stand-alone PV systems,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 112, no. 1, pp. 49–53, 2002.
[10] A. Zegaouia, P. Petita, M. Ailleriea, J-P. Sawickia, and J.P Charlesa, “ Experimental Validation of Photovoltaic Direct and Reverse Mode Model. Influence of Partial Shading,” Energy Procedia, vol. 18, pp. 1247–1253, 2012.
[11] J. Surya Kumari, and Ch. Sai Babu, “Mathematical modeling and simulation of photovoltaic cell using Matlab-Simulink environment,” International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 26–34, 2012.
[12] E. Mboumboue, and D. Njomo, “Mathematical modeling and digital simulation of PV solar panel using Matlab software,” Inter. Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, vol. 3, pp. 24–23, 2013.
[13] S. AGBLI, “Modélisation multiphysique des flux énergétiques d’un couplage photovoltaïque-électrolyseur PEM–Pile à Combustible PEM en vue d’une application stationnaire,” Ph. D. thesis, University of Franche comté 2012.
[14] N. Achaibou, M. Haddadi, and A. Malek, “Modelling of lead acid batteries in PV systems,” Siencedirecte, Energy Procedia, Clean Energy Solutions for Sustainable Environment (CESSE), vol. 18, pp. 538–544, 2012.
[15] W. Zhoua, H. Yanga, and Z. Fang, “Battery behaviour prediction and battery working states analysis of a hybrid solar–wind power generation system,” Siencedirecte, Re-newable, vol. 33, pp. 1413–1423, 2008.
[16] R.A Jackey, “A Simple effective lead-acid battery modelling process for electrical system component selection,” SAE Technical Paper, 2007.
[17] O. Geraud, G. Robin, B. Multon, and H. Ben Ahmed, “Energy modeling of a lead-acid battery within hybrid wind/photovoltaic systems,” European Power Electronic Conference 2003, Toulouse, 2003.
[18] M. Dürr, A. Cruden, S. Gair, and J.R. McDonald, “Dynamic model of a lead acid battery for use in a domestic fuel cell system,” Siencedirecte, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 161, pp. 1400–1411, 2006.
[19] M. Coleman, C. K. Lee, C. Zhu, and W. G. Hurley, “State-of-charge determination from EMF voltage estimation: Using impedance, terminal voltage, and current for lead-acid and lithium-ion batteries,” IEEE Trans. on Industrial Electronics, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 2550–2557, 2007.
[20] Yuasa Battery, “SWL Batteries stationnaires étanches au plomb à recombinaison de gas régulées par soupapes,” 2010.
[21] R. Mkahl, and A. Nait Sidi Moh, “Modeling of charging station batteries for electric vehicles,” J. of Asian Electric Vehicles, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 1667–1672. 2013.
[22] M. Becherif, M. Y. Ayad, D. Hissel, and R. Mkahl, “Design and sizing of a stand-alone recharging point for battery electrical vehicles using photovoltaic energy,” IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, 10.1109/VPPC.2011.6043075, pp. 1–6, 2011.
[23] A. Ruzmetov, A Nait-Sidi-Moh, M. Bakhouya, and J Gaber, “A (max - plus)-based approach for charging management of electric vehicles,” In Proc. of the 2nd World Conference on Complex Systems, Agadir, Morocco. Nov. 2014.