Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31584
Developing Emission Factors of Fugitive Particulate Matter Emissions for Construction Sites in the Middle East Area

Authors: Hala A. Hassan, Vasiliki K. Tsiouri, Konstantinos E. Konstantinos


Fugitive particulate matter (PM) is a major source of airborne pollution in the Middle East countries. The meteorological conditions and topography of the area makes it highly susceptible to wind-blown particles which raise many air quality concerns. Air quality tools such as field monitoring, emission factors and dispersion modeling have been used in previous research studies to analyze the release and impacts of fugitive PM in the region. However, these tools have been originally developed based on experiments made for European and North American regions. In this work, an experimental campaign was conducted on April-May 2014 in a construction site in Doha city, Qatar. The ultimate goal is to evaluate the applicability of the existing emission factors for construction sites in dry and arid areas like the Middle East.

Keywords: Air pollution, construction, emissions, middle east, fugitive particulate matter.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2872


[1] Tsiouri, V., K.E. Kakosimos, and P. Kumar, Concentrations, sources and exposure risks associated with particulate matter in the Middle East Area – a review. 2014.
[2] Shao, Y., Physics and Modelling of Wind Erosion. 2009.
[3] Bu Olayan, A.H., A.H. Bu-Olayan, and B.V. Bu-Olayan, Dispersion model on PM 2.5 fugitive dust and trace metals levels in Kuwait Governorates. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 2011. 184(3): p. 1731-1737.
[4] Engelbrecht, J.P. and R.K.M. Jayanty, Assessing sources of airborne mineral dust and other aerosols, in Iraq. Aeolian Research, 2013. 9(0): p. 153-160.
[5] Rashki, A., et al., Assessment of chemical and mineralogical characteristics of airborne dust in the Sistan region, Iran. Chemosphere, 2013. 90(2): p. 227-236.
[6] Pope, C.A., Health effects of fine particulate air pollution: Lines that connect. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 2006. 56(6): p. 709-742.
[7] Chen, R., et al., Association of Particulate Air Pollution With Daily Mortality: The China Air Pollution and Health Effects Study. American journal of epidemiology, 2012. 175(11): p. 1173-1181.
[8] EPA, U., Emissions Factors & AP 42, Compilation of Air Pollutant Emission Factors 1995.
[9] Kon, L.C., S. Durucan, and A. Korre, The development and application of a wind erosion model for the assessment of fugitive dust emissions from mine tailings dumps. International Journal of Mining, Reclamation and Environment, 2007. 21(3): p. 198-218.
[10] Park, Y.-K. and S. Park, Development of a New Wind-Blown-Dust Emission Module Using Comparative Assessment of Existing Dust Models. Particulate science and technology, 2010. 28(3): p. 267-286.
[11] Vesovic, V., et al., Modelling of the dispersion and deposition of coarse particulate matter under neutral atmospheric conditions. Atmospheric Environment, 2001. 35, Supplement 1(0): p. S99-S105.
[12] Ono, D., et al., Application of a Combined Measurement and Modeling Method to Quantify Windblown Dust Emissions from the Exposed Playa at Mono Lake, California. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 2011. 61(10): p. 1036-1045.
[13] McKenna Neuman, C., J.W. Boulton, and S. Sanderson, Wind tunnel simulation of environmental controls on fugitive dust emissions from mine tailings. Atmospheric Environment, 2009. 43(3): p. 520-529.
[14] USEPA, Revision to the guideline on air quality models: Adoption of a preferred general purpose (flat and complex terrain) dispersion model and other revisions. Federal Register, 9 November 2005, Vol.70(216), pp.68218-68261, 2005. 70(216): p. 68218-68261.
[15] Abdul-Wahab, S.A., Impact of fugitive dust emissions from cement plants on nearby communities. Ecological Modelling, 2006. 195(3–4): p. 338-348.
[16] Winges, K.D., User's Guide for the Fugitive Dust Model (FDM) revised: User's Instructions. US Environmental Protection Agency Report (EPA- 910/9-88-202R); TRC Environmental Consultants, 1991.
[17] NPI, Emission Estimation Technique Manual for Cement Manufacturing National Pollutant Inventory, 1999.
[18] Sanderson, R.S., C. McKenna Neuman, and J.W. Boulton, Windblown fugitive dust emissions from smelter slag. Aeolian Research, 2014. 13(0): p. 19-29.
[19] Kinsey, J.S., et al., Characterization of the fugitive particulate emissions from construction mud/dirt carryout. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 2004. 54(11): p. 1394-1404.