Examining the Perceived Usefulness of ICTs for Learning about Indigenous Foods
Science and technology has a major impact on many societal domains such as communication, medicine, food, transportation, etc. However, this dominance of modern technology can have a negative unintended impact on indigenous systems, and in particular on indigenous foods. This problem serves as a motivation to this study whose aim is to examine the perceptions of learners on the usefulness of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for learning about indigenous foods. This aim will be subdivided into two types of research objectives. The design and identification of theories and models will be achieved using literature content analysis. The objective on the empirical testing of such theories and models will be achieved through the survey of Hospitality studies learners from different schools in the iLembe and Umgungundlovu Districts of the South African Kwazulu-Natal province. SPSS is used to quantitatively analyze the data collected by the questionnaire of this survey using descriptive statistics and Pearson correlations after the assessment of the validity and the reliability of the data. The main hypothesis behind this study is that there is a connection between the demographics of learners, their perceptions on the usefulness of ICTs for learning about indigenous foods, and the following personality and eLearning related theories constructs: Computer self-efficacy, Trust in ICT systems, and Conscientiousness; as suggested by existing studies on learning theories. This hypothesis was fully confirmed by the survey conducted by this study except for the demographic factors where gender and age were not found to be determinant factors of learners’ perceptions on the usefulness of ICTs for learning about indigenous foods.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1338016Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1825
 R. Veenhoven, "Is life getting better? How long and happily do people live in modern society?," European Psychologist, vol. 10, p. 330, 2005.
 J. Burke, "The Impact of Science on Society," 1985.
 A. Trichopoulou, E. Vasilopoulou, K. Georga, S. Soukara, and V. Dilis, "Traditional foods: Why and how to sustain them," Trends in Food Science & Technology, vol. 17, pp. 498-504, 2006
 P. Ngulube, "Managing and preserving indigenous knowledge in the knowledge management era: challenges and opportunities for information professionals," Information development, vol. 18, pp. 95- 102, 2002.
 A. Chikonzo, "The potential of information and communication technologies in collecting, preserving and disseminating indigenous knowledge in Africa," The international information & library review, vol. 38, pp. 132-138, 2006.
 J. Sithole, "The challenges faced by African libraries and information centres in documenting and preserving indigenous knowledge," IFLA journal, vol. 33, pp. 117-123, 2007.
 N. Gorjestani, "Indigenous knowledge for development," Protecting AND Promoting Traditional Knowledge: Systems, National Experiences AND International Dimensions, p. 265, 2004.
 Mayes and S. De Freitas, "Review of eLearning theories, frameworks and models," JISC eLearning models desk study, pp. 4, 2004.
 M. S. Chowdhury, "Human behavior in the context of training: An overview of the role of learning theories as applied to training and development," Journal of Knowledge Management Practice, vol. 7, 2006.
 A. Bandura, "Social cognitive theory: An argentic perspective," Annual review of psychology, vol. 52, pp. 1-26, 2001.
 A. Bandura, Social foundations of thought and action: Englewood Cliffs, NJ Prentice Hall., 1986.
 A. Bandura, "Self-efficacy: The exercise of control," Ed: New York: Freeman, 1997.
 E. T. Straub, "Understanding technology adoption: Theory and future directions for informal learning," Review of Educational Research, vol. 79, pp. 625-649, 2009
 A. Bandura and D. C. McClelland, "Social learning theory," 1977.
 H.Lotz-Sisitka, (Re) views on Social Learning Literature: A Monograph for Social learning Researchers in natural resources management and environmental education: Environmental Learning Research Centre, Rhodes University, 2012.
 B. Kim, "Social constructivism," Emerging perspectives on learning, teaching, and technology, pp. 1-8, 2001.
 B. De Raad and H. C. Schouwenburg, "Personality in learning and education: A review," European Journal of personality, vol. 10, pp. 303- 336, 1996.
 V. V. Busato, F. J. Prins, J. J. Elshout, and C. Hamaker, "The relation between learning styles, the Big Five personality traits and achievement motivation in higher education," Personality and Individual Differences, vol. 26, pp. 129-140, 1998.
 O. P. John and S. Srivastava, "The Big Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives," Handbook of personality: Theory and research, vol. 2, pp. 102-138, 1999.
 G. M. Munguatosha, P. B. Muyinda, and J. T. Lubega, "A social networked learning adoption model for higher education institutions in developing countries," On the Horizon, vol. 19, pp. 307-320, 2011.
 S. N. Baraghani, "Factors influencing the adoption of internet banking," Lulea University of Technology, 2008.
 A. Punnoose, "Determinants of Intention to Use eLearning Based on the Technology Acceptance Model," Journal of Information Technology Education: Research, vol. 11, pp. 301-337, 2012.
 N. Sompong and C. Kheerajitt, "Development of Online Courseware on Thai Food Good Health," Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology-TOJET, vol. 11, pp. 390-393, 2012.
 D. V. Rau and M.-C. Yang, "ELearning in Endangered Language Documentation and Revitalization," Documenting and Revitalizing Austronesian Languages, p. 111, 2007.
 D. E. Marcial, "Experiences in the Preservation of Local Knowledge and Indigenous Practices using eLearning Tools," Malaysian Journal of Distance Education, vol. 13, pp. 99-115, 2011
 A. A. Alyan, "An intercultural email project for developing students’intercultural awareness and language skills."
 M. B. Ligorio and K. Van Veen, "Constructing a successful crossnational virtual learning environment in primary and secondary education," AACE Journal, vol. 14, pp. 103-128, 2006.
 L. Naing, T. Winn, and B. Rusli, "Practical issues in calculating the sample size for prevalence studies," Archives of Orofacial Sciences, vol. 1, pp. 9-14, 2006.
 T. Teo and J. Hwee Ling Koh, "Assessing the dimensionality of computer self-efficacy among pre-service teachers in Singapore: A structural equation modeling approach," International Journal of Education and Development using ICT, vol. 6, pp. 7-18, 2010.
 D. H. McKnight, V. Choudhury, and C. Kacmar, "Developing and validating trust measures for e-commerce: an integrative typology," Information systems research, vol. 13, pp. 334-359, 2002.
 C. MacCann, A. L. Duckworth, and R. D. Roberts, "Empirical identification of the major facets of conscientiousness," Learning and Individual Differences, vol. 19, pp. 451-458, 2009.
 The department of basic education, “Further education and training phase: Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statement grade 10-12 Hospitality studies, “South African National Curriculum statement, 201.