Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30578
Performance Based Seismic Retrofit of Masonry Infilled Reinforced Concrete Frames Using Passive Energy Dissipation Devices

Authors: Alok Madan, Arshad K. Hashmi


The paper presents a plastic analysis procedure based on the energy balance concept for performance based seismic retrofit of multi-story multi-bay masonry infilled reinforced concrete (R/C) frames with a ‘soft’ ground story using passive energy dissipation (PED) devices with the objective of achieving a target performance level of the retrofitted R/C frame for a given seismic hazard level at the building site. The proposed energy based plastic analysis procedure was employed for developing performance based design (PBD) formulations for PED devices for a simulated application in seismic retrofit of existing frame structures designed in compliance with the prevalent standard codes of practice. The PBD formulations developed for PED devices were implemented for simulated seismic retrofit of a representative code-compliant masonry infilled R/C frame with a ‘soft’ ground story using friction dampers as the PED device. Non-linear dynamic analyses of the retrofitted masonry infilled R/C frames is performed to investigate the efficacy and accuracy of the proposed energy based plastic analysis procedure in achieving the target performance level under design level earthquakes. Results of non-linear dynamic analyses demonstrate that the maximum inter-story drifts in the masonry infilled R/C frames with a ‘soft’ ground story that is retrofitted with the friction dampers designed using the proposed PBD formulations are controlled within the target drifts under near-field as well far-field earthquakes.

Keywords: Seismic Protection, masonry infilled frame, energy methods, near-field earthquakes, supplemental damping devices

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2138


[1] Bilham, R., Gaur, V. K., and P. Molnar, P. (2001) “Himalayan Seismic Hazard.” Science, 293(5534), 1442-44.
[2] Towashiraporn P., Park J., Goodno B.J. and Craig J.I. (2002). “ Passive Control Methods for Seismic Response Modification.” Progress in Structural Engineering and Materials, 4(1), 74-86
[3] Soong T.T. and Spencer Jr. B.F. (2002). “Supplemental energy dissipation: state of art and state of practice.” Engineering structures, 24(3), 243-59
[4] Ribakov Y. and Reinhorn A.M. (2003). “ Design of Amplified Structural Damping using Optimal Consideration.” Journal of Structural Engineering, 129(10), 1422-27
[5] Li., H., Wang, S.Y., Song, W. and Liu, G. (2004). “Reduction of Seismic Forces on Existing Buildings with Newly Constructed Additional Stories Including Friction Layer and Damper.” Journal of Sound and Vibration , 269(3), 653-67
[6] Shih, M. H. and Sung W.P. (2005). “ A Model for Hysteretic Behavior of Rhombic Low Yield Strength Steel Added Damping And Stiffness.” Computers and Structures, 83(12), 895-908.
[7] Tsai C.S., Le H.H. (1993). “Application of Viscoelastic Dampers to High-Rise Buildings.” Journal of Structural Engineering, 119(4), 1222- 33.
[8] Dong Y.S., Xiong J.L., Li A.Q., Lin P.H. (2006). “ A Passive Damping Device with TiNi Shape Memory Alloy Rings and its Properties.” Material Science and Engineering, A 416, 92-97
[9] Xu, Z., Agrawal, A.K., He, W.L. and Tan, P.(2007). “ Performance of Passive Energy Dissipation Systems during Near-Field Ground Motion Type Pluses.” Engineering Structures, 29(2), 224-36.
[10] Almazan J.L., Llera J.C.D.L., Inaudi J.A., Garcia, D.L. and Izquierdo L.E. (2007). “ A Bidirectional and Homogeneous Tuned Mass Dampers: A New Device for Passive Control of Vibrations.” Engineering Structures, 29(7), 1548-1560
[11] Ou, J.P., Long, X. and Li, Q.S.(2007). “Seismic Response Analysis of Structures with Velocity- Dependent Dampers.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 63(5),628-38
[12] Choi, B.J. and Shen J.H. (2001). “The Establishing Of Performance Level Thresholds for Steel Moment-Resisting Using an Energy Approach.” The Structural Design of Tall Buildings, 10(1), 53-67.
[13] Akbas, B. Shen J. and Hao, H. (2001). “ Energy Approach in Performance Based Seismic Design of Steel Moment Resisting Frames for Basic Safety Objective.” The Structural Design of Tall Buildings, 10(3), 193-217.
[14] Leelataviwat, S., Goel, S.C., and Stojadinovic, B. (2002). “ Energy- Based Seismic Design of Structures using Yield Mechanism and Target Drift.” Journal of Structural Engineeing, 128(8), 1046-1054.
[15] Surahman, A. (2007). “Earthquake-Resistant Structural Design Through Energy Design and Capacity.” Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 36(14), 2099-2117.
[16] Housner, G.W.(1956). “Limit Design of Structures to Resist Earthquakes.” Proceeding of 1st world conference on earthquake engineering, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, Oakland, California, 5, 1-13.
[17] Kato, B., and Akiyama, H. (1982). “ Seismic Design of Steel Buildings” Journal of Structural Division, ASCE, 108(8), 1709-1721
[18] IBC (2006), International Building Code, ICC.
[19] Kunnath, S. K. (2006), “Performance-based Seismic Based Design and Evaluation of Building Structures.” Earthquake Engineering for Structural Design, ed. Chen, W. F. and Lui, E. M., CRC press, © 2006 by Taylor and Francis Group, Oxfordshire, England.
[20] BIS (2002).“IS 1893-2002(Part 1): Indian Standard Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures, Part 1-General Provisions and Buildings.” Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India.
[21] Valles, R. E., Reinhorn, A. M., Kunnath, S. K., Li, C., and Madan, A. (1996). “IDARC Version 4.0 - A Program for the Inelastic Damage Analysis of Buildings.” Technical Report NCEER-96-0010, SUNY/Buffalo.
[22] Madan, A., Reinhorn, A. M., Mander, J. B., Valles, R. (1997). “Modeling of Masonry Infill Panels for Structural Analysis.” Journal of Structural Engineering, 123 (10), 1295 - 1302.
[23] ATC-40 (1996).“Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Concrete Buildings.” Report SSC 96-01, California Seismic Safety Commission, Applied Technology Council, Redwood, CA, USA.
[24] FEMA-356 (2000), “Prestandard and Commentary for Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings”, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), Washington D. C., USA.
[25] Housner, G. W. (1959). “Behavior of structures during earthquakes.” Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 85(4), 109-129