Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30184
Characteristics of Aluminum Hybrid Composites

Authors: S. O. Adeosun, L. O. Osoba, O. O. Taiwo

Abstract:

Aluminum hybrid reinforcement technology is a response to the dynamic ever increasing service requirements of such industries as transportation, aerospace, automobile, marine, etc. It is unique in that it offers a platform of almost unending combinations of materials to produce various hybrid composites. This article reviews the studies carried out on various combinations of aluminum hybrid composite and the effects on mechanical, physical and chemical properties. It is observed that the extent of enhancement of these properties of hybrid composites is strongly dependent on the nature of the reinforcement, its hardness, particle size, volume fraction, uniformity of dispersion within the matrix and the method of hybrid production.

Keywords: Aluminum alloy, hybrid composites, properties, reinforcements.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1097415

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 4559

References:


[1] A. Baradeswaran, “Effect of Graphite Content on Tribological behaviour of Aluminium alloy -Graphite Composite”. European Journal of Scientific Research, vol.53 no.2, pp.163-170, 2011.
[2] S. Mitrović, M. Babić, B. Stojanović, N. Miloradović, M. Pantić, D. Džunić, “Tribological Potential of Hybrid Composites Based on Zinc and Aluminium Alloys Reinforced with SiC and Graphite Particles”, Tribology in Industry, vol. 34, no. 4, pp 177-185, 2012.
[3] K. R. Suresh, H.B. Niranjan, P.M. Jabraj, M.P. Chowdaiah, “Tensile and wear properties of aluminium composites”. Wear, vol 255, pp 638-642, 2003.
[4] M.K. Surapa, “Aluminium matrix composites: Challenges and opportunities”. Sadhana Vol. 28, Parts 1 & 2, pp. 319–334, 2003.
[5] R. Ubolluk, C. Prinya, and S. Prasert, “Development of high volume rice husk ash alumino silicate composites”. International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy and Materials, vol. 17, no. 5,, p 654, 2010.
[6] Lancaster L.,Lung M. H., and Sujan D.. Utilization of Agro-Industrial Waste in Metal Matrix Composites: Towards Sustainability. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology. vol. 73 pp1136 – 1139, 2013.
[7] N. Prashant, M. Nagaral and V. Auradi, “Preparation And Evaluation Of Mechanical And Wear Properties Of 6061al Reinforced With Graphite Particulate Metal Matrix Composite”. International Journal of Metallurgical & Materials Science and Engineering, vol.2, Issue 3, pp 85 – 95, 2012.
[8] V.K. Saini, A. K. Zahid, N. S . Arshad , “Advancements in Non- Conventional Machining of Aluminum Metal Matrix Composite materials”. International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT) vol. 1, Issue 3, pp 1-14, 2012.
[9] R.H. Pydi, B. Adhithan, A. Bakrudeen, “Microstructure Exploration of the Aluminum-Tungsten Carbide Composite with different Manufacturing circumstances”. International Journal of Soft Computing and Engineering, vol. 2, Issue-6, 2013.
[10] D.Z, Wang, H.X. Peng, J. Liu and C.K. Yao, “Wear Behaviour and Microstructural changes of SiC-Al Composite under unlubricated sliding friction”. Wear, vol. 184, pp. 187-192, 1995.
[11] Garcia-Cordovilla C., Narciso J., and Louis E., “Abrasive wear resistance of aluminum alloy/ceramic particulate composites”, Wear, vol. 192, pp. 170-177, 1996
[12] J.S.S. Babu, K.N. Prabhakaran, G. Unnikrishnan, C.G. Kang, “Development of Aluminum-based Hybrid Composites with Graphite Nanofibers/Alumina Short Fibers: Processing and Characterization”. Journal of Composite Materials, vol 44, no. 16, pp1929 – 1943, 2010.
[13] K.R Gopi, K.N Mohandas, H.N Reddappa, M.R. Ramesh, “Characterization of As Cast and Heat Treated Aluminium 6061/Zircon sand/Graphite Particulate Hybrid Composites”. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT), vol. 2, Issue 5, pp 340- 344, 2013.
[14] C.S. Okumus , S. Aslan, R. Karslioglu, D. Gultekin, H. Akbulut, “Thermal Expansion and Thermal Conductivity Behaviors of Al- Si/sic/graphite Hybrid Metal Matrix Composites (MMCS)”. Materials Science (MEDŽIAGOTYRA). vol. 18, no. 4. pp 341-346, 2012.
[15] K.K. Alaneme, B.O. Ademilua, M.O. Bodunrin, “Mechanical Properties and Corrosion Behaviour of Aluminium Hybrid Composites Reinforced with Silicon Carbide and Bamboo Leaf Ash”. Tribology in Industry, vol. 35, no. 1, pp 25‐35, 2013.
[16] M. Mahendra Boopathi, K.P. Arulshri and N. Iyandurai “Evaluation of mechanical properties of aluminium alloy 2024 reinforced with silicon carbide and fly ash hybrid metal matrix composites”. American Journal of Applied Sciences, vol. 10, no 3, pp 219-229, 2013.
[17] L. Jinfeng, W. Gaohui, Z. Qingbo, D. Zuoyong, H. XiaoLi, “Mechanical properties of SiC/Gr/Al composites fabricated by squeeze casting technology”. Scripta Materialia, volume 59, Issue 6, pp 619-622, 2008.
[18] D.S Prasad, C. Shoba, N. Ramanaiah, “Investigations on Mechanical Properties of Aluminum Hybrid Composites”. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, Issue 70, 2013.
[19] M.N. Rajashekhar and A.R. Anwar Khan, “Studies on Effect of Heat Treatment on Mechanical Properties of Hybrid Aluminum Matrix Composites”. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology. vol. 2, Issue 11, pp 6150 – 6157, Nov. 2013.
[20] C. Velmurugan, R. Subramanian, R. Ramakrishnan, T. Kannan, B. Anandavel, Experimental Investigations on the effect of heat-treatment parameters on the Wear behavior of an aluminum hybrid composites, Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 66 Issue 4, 2014.
[21] M. Asif, K. Chandra, P.S. Misra, “Development of Aluminium Based Hybrid Metal Matrix Composites for Heavy Duty Applications”. Journal of Minerals & Materials Characterization & Engineering, vol. 10, no.14, pp.1337-1344, 2011.
[22] A. B. Gurcan and T. N. Baker, “Wear behaviour of AA6061 aluminium alloy and its composites”. Wear, vol. 188, pp 185- 191, 1995.
[23] H. H. Fu, K. S. Han and J. I. Song, “Wear properties of Saffil/ Al, Al/Saffil/Al2O3 and Saffil/SiC/Al hybrid metal matrix composites”. Wear, vol. 256, pp 705-713, 2004.
[24] D. Jun, L. Y. Hui, Y.S. Rong and L.W. Fang, “Dry sliding friction and wear properties of Al2O3 and carbon short fibres reinforced Al-12Si alloy hybrid composites”, Wear, vol. 257, Issues 9-10, pp 930-940, 2004.
[25] L.Y. Hui, D. Jun, Y. S. Rong and W. Wei, “High temperature friction and wear behaviour of Al2O3 and/or carbon short fibre reinforced Al- 12Si alloy composites”. Wear, vol. 256, Issues 3 – 4, pp 275-285, 2004.
[26] S. Mahdavi and F. Akhlaghi, “Effect of SiC Content on the Tribological Properties of Hybrid Al/SiC/Gr Composites Processed by in situ Powder Metallurgy (IPM) Method”. Adv Mat Res. p1878, 2011.
[27] J. Leng, I. Jiang, G. Wu, S. Tian, G. Chen, “Effect of Graphite Particle Reinforcement on Dry Sliding Wear of SiC/Gr/Al Composites”. Rare Metal Materials and Engineering, vol. 38, no. 11, 2009.
[28] G.M.L. Ted and T.Y.A Chi, “Tribological behavior of aluminum/SiC/nickel-coated graphite hybrid composites”. Materials Science and Engineering, vol 33, Issues 1-2, pp134-145, 2002.
[29] W. Ames and A.T Alpas, “Wear Mechanisms in Hybrid Composites of Graphite-20% SiC in A356 Aluminum Alloy”. Metall Mater Tras A, vol. 26, pp 85, 2001.
[30] M. Lagiewka, Z. Konokpka, A. Zyska, M. Nadolski, “Examining of Abrasion Resistance of Hybrid Composites Reinforced with SiC and Cgr particles”. Archives and Foundry Engin, vol. 8, no. 3, pp 59, 2008.
[31] G.M.L. Ted and T.Y.A Chi, “Tribological Behaviour of Self lubricating Aluminum//SiC/Graphite Hybrid Composites synthesized by the Semi solid Powder densification Method”. Compos Sci Technol, vol. 60, no. 1, pp 65, 2000.
[32] A. Venel, I. Bobic, S. Arostegui, B. Bobic, A. Marinkovic, M. Babic, “Structural, Mechanical and Tribological Properties of A356 Aluminum Alloy Reinforced with Al2O3, SiC and SiC + graphite particles”. J Alloy Compds, vol. 506, pp 631, 2010.
[33] B. Stojanovic, M. Babic, S. Mitrovic, A. Vencl, N. Miloradovic, M. Pantic, “Tribological characterisitics of Aluminum Hybrid Composites Reinforced with Silicon Carbide and Graphite. A Review”. Journal of the Balkan Tribological Association, vol. 19, no 1, 83 – 96, 2013.
[34] C.H. Prakash and R.D. Pruthviraj “Microstructural Studies of Cast Zinc - Aluminum-Sic-Graphite Hybrid Composites” Research Journal of Chemical Sciences, vol. 1, no. 6, pp 88-90, Sept. 2011.
[35] S. Basavarajappa, G. Chandramohan, A. Mahadevan, M. Thangavelu, R. Subramanian and P. Gopalakrishnan, “Influence of sliding speed on the dry sliding wear behaviour and the subsurface deformation on hybrid metal matrix composite”. Wear. Volume 262, Issues 7-8. Pages 1007- 1012, 2007.
[36] N. Radhika, R. Subramanian, S.V. Prasat, “Tribological Behaviour of Aluminium/Alumina/Graphite Hybrid Metal Matrix Composite Using Taguchi’s Techniques”. Journal of Minerals & Materials Characterization & Engineering, vol. 10, no. 5, pp.427 – 443, 2011.
[37] M. M. Benal and H. K. Shivanand,“Effects of reinforcement content and ageing duration on wear characteristics of Al (6061) based hybrid composite”s. Wear. vol. 262, pp 759 – 763, 2007.
[38] S.H.L Jason., “Achieving multi-functional properties via squeeze cast hybrid metal matrix composites”, in proc. 16th International Conference On Composite Materials.
[39] R . Escalera – Lozano, C.A Gutiérrez, M.A. Pech – Canul, M.I. Pech – Canul, “Corrosion characteristics of hybrid Al/SiCp/Mgal2O4 composites fabricated with fly ash and recycled aluminum”. Materials Characterization, vol 58, pp 953 -960, 2007.
[40] I. Adrian, A. Eugen, N. Florin “A study about Micro-Drilling by Electrical Discharge Method of an Al/Sic Hybrid Composite”. International Journal Of Academic Research, vol. 2, no. 3, 2010.
[41] K.G. Harish, V. Ketan, M. Alakesh, K. Rajesh, “Hybrid Metal Matrix Composites and further improvement in their machinability- A Review”. International Journal of Latest Research in Science and Technology, vol.1,Issue 1. pp 36-44, 2012.
[42] T. Sasimurugan and K. Palanikumar “Analysis of the Machining Characteristics on Surface Roughness of Hybrid Aluminum Metal Matrix Composite (Al6061-SiC-Al2O3)”. Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, vol. 10, no. 13, pp. 1213- 1224, 2011.
[43] S. Charles and V.P. Arunachalan, “Property analysis and mathematical modeling of machining properties of aluminum alloy hybrid (Alalloy/ SiC/flyash) composites produced by liquid metallurgy and powder metallurgy techniques”. Indian Journal of Engineering and Materials Sciences. vol. 11, , pp. 473 – 480, Dec. 2004.
[44] Y.H. Seo, C.G. Kang, Composites Sci. Technol., vol. 59, no. 643, 1999.
[45] X. Yunsheng, D.D.L. Chung, J. Mater. Sci., vol. 33, no. 19, pp 4707, 1998.
[46] C.G Kang, J.H Yoon, Y.H. Seo, J. Mater. Proc. Technology. vol. 66, no. 30.1997.
[47] Y.H. Seo, C.G. Kang, J. Mater. Proc. Technol. vol 55, no. 370, 1995.
[48] S. Zhang, F. Cao,Y. Chen, Q. Li, Z. Jiang, Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, vol. 15, no. 88, 1998.
[49] P.K Jayashree, M.C Gowri Shankar, K. Achutha, S.S Sharma, and S. Raviraj, “Review on Effect of Silicon Carbide (SiC) on Stir Cast Aluminium Metal Matrix Composites”. International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology, vol.3, no. 3, pp. 1061 – 1071, 2013.
[50] J. Zhang, R.J. Perez, E.J. Lavernia.; .Effect of SiC and graphite particulates on the damping behavior of metal matrix composites.. Acta Metallurgica et Materialia vol. 42, Issue 2, pp. 395-409, Feb. 1994.
[51] K. Umanath, S.T Selvamani “Friction and Wear Behaviour Of Al6061Alloy (SiCP +Al2O3P) Hybrid Composites”. International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, vol. 3, no. 7, 2011