Adopted Method of Information System Strategy for Knowledge Management System: A Literature Review
Bureaucracy reform program drives Indonesian government to change their management to enhance their organizational performance. Information technology became one of strategic plan that organization tried to improve. Knowledge management system is one of information system that supporting knowledge management implementation in government which categorized as people perspective, because this system has high dependency in human interaction and participation. Strategic plan for developing knowledge management system can be determine using some of information system strategic methods. This research conducted to define type of strategic method of information system, stage of activity each method, strength and weakness. Literature review methods used to identify and classify strategic methods of information system, differentiate method type, categorize common activities, strength and weakness. Result of this research are determine and compare six strategic information system methods, Balanced Scorecard and Risk Analysis believe as common strategic method that usually used and have the highest excellence strength.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1096237Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2159
 I. Bercerra-Fernandez and R. Sabherwal, Knowledge Management System and Process. United States of America: M.E. Sharp, Inc., 2010.
 M. Woodman and A. Zade, "Five Grounded Principles for Developing Knowledge Management Systems Knowledge for Business (K4B), London, UK,” Electron. J. Knowl. Manag., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 183–194, 2012.
 J. S. Edwards, D. Shaw, and P. M. Collier, "Knowledge Management,” J. Knowl. Manag., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 113–125, 2005.
 R. Young, Knowledge Management. Japan: Asian Productivity Organization, 2013.
 M. A. Jhon and D. E. Leidner, "Review: Knowledge Management and Knowledge Management System: Conceptual Foundations and Research Issues,” MIS Quartely, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 107–136, 2001.
 J. Hahn, "A Framework of Knowledge Management Systems: Issues and Challenges for Theory and Practice *,” in 21st International Conference on Information Systems, no. December 2000.
 F. Nickols, "Definitions & Meanings.” Distance Consulting LLC, pp. 2– 10, 2012.
 B. R. S. Kaplan, D. P. Norton, and A. B. Jr, "Strategy Developing the Strategy: Vision, Value Gaps , and Analysis.” Harvard University, pp. 1–7, 2008.
 M. Išoraitė, "The Balanced Scorecard Method: from Theory to Practice,” Intelect. Econ., vol. 8011, no. 1, pp. 18–28, 2008.
 I. Gueorguiev, S. Dimitrova, M. Komitska, and H. Traykov, "Balanced Scorecard Based Management Information System – A Potential for Public Monitoring and Good Governance Advancement,” Electron. J. e- Government Vol. 3. Issue 1, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 29–38, 2005.
 G. Wegmann, "The Balanced Scorecard as a Knowledge Management Tool: a French Experience in a Semi-Public Insurance Company,” ICAI J. Knowl. Manag., vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 1–19, 2008.
 H. Pienaar and C. Penzhorn, "Using the Balanced Scorecard to Facilitate Strategic Management at an Academic Information Service,” Libri, vol. 50, pp. 202–209, 2000.
 M. A. Ardakan, Z. Barzegar, and Z. Vahdat, "Using Balance Score Card in Aligning Strategy Implementation According to Information Technology Development in Organization,” in 3rd International Conference on Information and Financial Engineering IPEDR Vol. 12, 2011, vol. 12, pp. 348–352.
 H. Lin, P.-Y. Hsu, and P.-H. Ting, "ERP Systems Success: An Integration of IS Success Model and Balanced Scorecard,” J. Res. Pract. Inf. Technol., vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 215–228, 2006.
 A. M. Fairchild, "Knowledge Management Metrics via a Balanced Scorecard Methodology,” in Proceeding of the 35th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2002, vol. 00, no. c, pp. 1–8.
 J. F. Rice, "Adaption of Porter’s Five Forces Model to Risk Management,” Alabama, 2010.
 G. Houben, K. Lenie, and K. Vanhoof, "A knowledge-based SWOTAnalysis System as an Instrument for Strategic Planning in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises,” Decis. Support Syst. Eselvier, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 125–135, Aug. 1999.
 X. Chan, "A SWOT Study of the Development Strategy of Haier Group as One of the Most Successful Chinese Enterprises,” Int. J. Bus. Soc. Sci., vol. 2, no. 11, pp. 147–153, 2011.
 D. Kim, B. Ahn, J. Kim, and J. Kim, "The Strategic Approach Using SWOT Analysis to Develop an Intelligent Program Management Information System ( IPMIS ) for Urban Renewal Projects,” in Fourth International Conference on Computer Sciences and Convergence Information Technology, 2009, pp. 320–324.
 D. G. W. Birch and N. McEvoy, "Risk Analysis for Information Systems,” J. Inf. Technol., vol. 7, pp. 44–53, 1992.
 R. L. Baskerville and J. Stage, "Controlling Prototype Development through Analysis *,” MIS Quarte, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 481–504, 2009.
 L. Willcocks and H. Margetts, "Risk Assessment and Information System,” in Proceeding of the First European Conference on Information System, ECIS, 1993.
 M. Sumner, "Risk Factors in Enterprise-Wide / ERP Pojects,” J. Inf. Technol., vol. 15, pp. 317–327, 2000.
 V. Basili, F. Cese, M. Lindvall, M. Regardie, C. Seaman, J. Heidrich, F. Iese, D. Rombach, and A. Trendowicz, "Bridging the Gap between Business Strategy and Software Development,” in Twenty Eight International Conference on Information Systems, 2007, pp. 1–16.
 D. Avison, A. Eardley, and P. Powell, "How Strategic are Strategic Information Systems?,” Aust. J. Inf. Syst., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 11–20, 1996.
 N. Shin, "Strategies for Competitive Advantage in Electronic Commerce,” J. Electron. Commer. Res., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 164–171, 2001.
 B. Lauridsen, "Shifting the Paradigm: Value-Chain Analysis Applied to Online Learning,” in TCCC Technology, Colleges and Community Worldwide Online Conference, 2011, pp. 100–112.
 S. Pant, H. Taek, and C. Hsu, "A Framework for Developing Web Information Systems Plans: Illustration with Samsung Heavy Industries Co ., Ltd .,” Inf. Manag., vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 385–408, 2001.
 M. Martinsons, R. Davison, and D. Tse, "The Balanced Scorecard: a Foundation for the Strategic Management of Information Systems,” Decis. Support Syst. Eselvier, vol. 25, pp. 71–88, 1999.
 Angelina and Harisno, "Developing Information System Strategic Planning in the Directorate General of Animal Husbandry and Health , Ministry of Agriculture,” in Procedia Engineering, 2012, vol. 50, pp. 29–37.
 J. Y. Tsai, T. S. Raghu, and B. B. M. Shao, "Information Systems and Technology Sourcing Strategies of e-Retailers for Value Chain Enablement,” J. Oper. Manag., vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 345–362, 2013.