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Experimental Investigation of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Operated with Nanofiber and Nanofiber/Nanoparticle
Abstract:Nanofibers are defined as fibers with diameters less than 100 nanometers. In this study, behaviours of activated carbon nanofiber (ACNF), carbon nanofiber (CNF), polyacrylonitrile/ carbon nanotube (PAN/CNT), polyvinyl alcohol/nanosilver (PVA/Ag) in proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells are investigated experimentally. This material was used as gas diffusion layer (GDL) in PEM fuel cells. In this study, the electrical conductivities of nanofiber and nanofiber/nanoparticles have been studied to understand their effects on PEM fuel cell performance. According to the experimental results, the maximum electrical conductivity performance of the fuel cell with nanofiber was found to be at PVA/Ag (at UConn condition). The electrical conductivities of CNF, ACNF, PAN/CNT are lower for PEM. The resistance of cell with PVA/Ag is lower than the resistance of cell with PAN/CNT, ACNF, CNF.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1110854Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1831
 Steven J. Hamrock and Michael A. Yandrasits, Proton Exchange Membranes for Fuel Cell Applications, Journal of Macromolecular Sciencew, Part C: Polymer Reviews, 46: 219-244, 2006.
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 Li-Cheng Jheng, Steve Lien-Chung Hsu, Tzung-Yu Tsai, Wesley Jen- Yang Chang, A novel asymmetric polybenzimidazole membrane for high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2014, 2, 4225-4233.
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 Zheng-Ming Huang, Y.Z. Zhang, M. Kotaki, S. Ramakrishna, a review on polymer nanofibers by electrospinning and their applications in nanocomposites, Composites Science and Technology (63) 2223-2253, 2003.
 Mohd Faiz Muaz Ahmad Zamri, Sharif Hussein Sharif Zein, Ahmad Zuhari Abdullah and Nor Irwin Basir, Improved Electrical Conductivity of Polyvinyl Alcohol/ Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Nanofibre Composite Films with MnO2 as Filler Synthesised using the Electrospinning Process, International Journal of Engineering & Technology IJET-IJENS Vol: 11 No: 06.
 https://www.ndeed.org/EducationResources/CommunityCollege/Materia ls/Physical_ Chemical/Electrical.htm.
 Suman Mahendia, A.K. Tomar, Shyam Kumar, Electrical conductivity and dielectric spectroscopic studies of PVA-Ag nanocomposite films, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 508 (2), 2010, 406-411.
 The Florida Solar Energy Center_ Document Number WP0012WPQRS.