**Commenced**in January 2007

**Frequency:**Monthly

**Edition:**International

**Paper Count:**1617

# Search results for: the spectroscopic factor of 9Be≡α+5He.

##### 1617 New Investigation of the Exchange Effects Role on the Elastic and Inelastic Scattering of α-Particles on 9Be

**Authors:**
A. Amar,
N. Burtebayev,
Zh. K. Kerimkulov,
M. K. Baktybayev,
J. T. Burtebayeva,
A. K. Morzabayev,
S. K. Sakhiev,
N. Saduyev,
S. B. Sakuta

**Abstract:**

Elastic and inelastic scattering of α-particles by ^{9}Be nuclei at different incident energies have been analyzed. Optical model parameters (OMPs) of α-particles elastic scattering by ^{9}Be at different energies have been obtained. Coupled Reaction Channel (CRC) of elastic scattering, inelastic scattering and transfer reaction has been calculated using Fresco Code. The effect of involving CRC calculations on the analysis of differential cross section has been studied. The transfer reaction of (^{5}He) in the reaction ^{9}Be(α,^{9}Be)α has been studied. The spectroscopic factor of ^{9}Be≡α+^{5}He has been extracted.

**Keywords:**
Elastic scattering of α-particles,
Optical model parameters,
Coupled Reaction Channel,
the transfer reaction of (5He),
the spectroscopic factor of 9Be≡α+5He.

##### 1616 Spectroscopic and SEM Investigation of TCPP in Titanium Matrix

**Authors:**
R.Rahimi,
F.Moharrami

**Abstract:**

Titanium gels doped with water-soluble cationic porphyrin were synthesized by the sol–gel polymerization of Ti (OC4H9)4. In this work we investigate the spectroscopic properties along with SEM images of tetra carboxyl phenyl porphyrin when incorporated into porous matrix produced by the sol–gel technique.

**Keywords:**
TCPP,
Titanium matrix,
UV/Vis spectroscopy,
SEM.

##### 1615 Study of the Azo Hydrazone Tautomerism in the 4-(9-Anthrylazo) Phenol

**Authors:**
Ramadan Ali Bawa,
Ebtisam Mohammed Alzaraide

**Abstract:**

The spectroscopic study on 4-(9-anthrylazo) phenol has revealed that the azo dye under study exists in two tautomeric forms which are azo phenol and hydrazo keto forms in ratio of almost (1:1). The azo hydrazone tautomerism was confirmed by the use of IR spectroscopy and HNMR in which the characteristic absorption bands and chemical shifts for both tautomers were assigned.

**Keywords:**
Spectroscopic,
tautomeric forms,
azo hydrazone tautomerism,
IR spectroscopy,
HNMR.

##### 1614 Characterization of Gamma Irradiated PVDF and PVDF/Graphene Oxide Composites by Spectroscopic Techniques

**Authors:**
Juliana V. Pereira,
Adriana S. M. Batista,
Jefferson P. Nascimento,
Clascídia A. Furtado,
Luiz O. Faria

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Gamma irradiation,
PVDF,
PVDF/OG composites,
spectroscopic techniques.

##### 1613 Off-Line Detection of “Pannon Wheat” Milling Fractions by Near-Infrared Spectroscopic Methods

**Authors:**
E. Izsó,
M. Bartalné-Berceli,
Sz. Gergely,
A. Salgó

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Allied wheat fractions,
CA,
milling process,
nearinfrared
spectroscopy,
PCA.

##### 1612 Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry of Proteins

**Authors:**
Santanu Ray,
Alexander G. Shard

**Abstract:**

The adsorption of bovine serum albumin (BSA), immunoglobulin G (IgG) and fibrinogen (Fgn) on fluorinated selfassembled monolayers have been studied using time of flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) and Spectroscopic Ellipsometry (SE). The objective of the work has to establish the utility of ToF-SIMS for the determination of the amount of protein adsorbed on the surface. Quantification of surface adsorbed proteins was carried out using SE and a good correlation between ToF-SIMS results and SE was achieved. The surface distribution of proteins were also analysed using Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). We show that the surface distribution of proteins strongly affect the ToFSIMS results.

**Keywords:**
ToF-SIMS,
Spectroscopic Ellipsometry,
Protein,
Atomic Force Microscopy.

##### 1611 A Sufficient Condition for Graphs to Have Hamiltonian [a, b]-Factors

**Authors:**
Sizhong Zhou

**Abstract:**

Let a and b be nonnegative integers with 2 ≤ a < b, and let G be a Hamiltonian graph of order n with n ≥ (a+b−4)(a+b−2) b−2 . An [a, b]-factor F of G is called a Hamiltonian [a, b]-factor if F contains a Hamiltonian cycle. In this paper, it is proved that G has a Hamiltonian [a, b]-factor if |NG(X)| > (a−1)n+|X|−1 a+b−3 for every nonempty independent subset X of V (G) and δ(G) > (a−1)n+a+b−4 a+b−3 .

**Keywords:**
graph,
minimum degree,
neighborhood,
[a,
b]-factor,
Hamiltonian [a,
b]-factor.

##### 1610 Hamiltonian Factors in Hamiltonian Graphs

**Authors:**
Sizhong Zhou,
Bingyuan Pu

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
graph,
neighborhood,
factor,
Hamiltonian factor.

##### 1609 Rigorous Electromagnetic Model of Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopic Imaging Applied to Automated Histology of Prostate Tissue Specimens

**Authors:**
Rohith K Reddy,
David Mayerich,
Michael Walsh,
P Scott Carney,
Rohit Bhargava

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Infrared,
Spectroscopy,
Imaging,
Tissue classification

##### 1608 Multivariate Analysis of Spectroscopic Data for Agriculture Applications

**Authors:**
Asmaa M. Hussein,
Amr Wassal,
Ahmed Farouk Al-Sadek,
A. F. Abd El-Rahman

**Abstract:**

In this study, a multivariate analysis of potato spectroscopic data was presented to detect the presence of brown rot disease or not. Near-Infrared (NIR) spectroscopy (1,350-2,500 nm) combined with multivariate analysis was used as a rapid, non-destructive technique for the detection of brown rot disease in potatoes. Spectral measurements were performed in 565 samples, which were chosen randomly at the infection place in the potato slice. In this study, 254 infected and 311 uninfected (brown rot-free) samples were analyzed using different advanced statistical analysis techniques. The discrimination performance of different multivariate analysis techniques, including classification, pre-processing, and dimension reduction, were compared. Applying a random forest algorithm classifier with different pre-processing techniques to raw spectra had the best performance as the total classification accuracy of 98.7% was achieved in discriminating infected potatoes from control.

**Keywords:**
Brown rot disease,
NIR spectroscopy,
potato,
random forest.

##### 1607 Constructing an Attitude Scale: Attitudes toward Violence on Televisions

**Authors:**
Göksu Gözen Citak

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Attitudes toward violence,
confirmatory factor analysis,
constructing attitude scale,
exploratory factor analysis,
violence on televisions.

##### 1606 Analysis and Measuring Surface Roughness of Nonwovens Using Machine Vision Method

**Authors:**
Dariush Semnani,
Javad Yekrang,
Hossein Ghayoor

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Surface roughness,
Nonwoven,
Machine vision,
Image processing.

##### 1605 Comparative DNA Binding of Iron and Manganese Complexes by Spectroscopic and ITC Techniques and Antibacterial Activity

**Authors:**
Maryam Nejat Dehkordi,
Per Lincoln,
Hassan Momtaz

**Abstract:**

Interaction of Schiff base complexes of Iron and Manganese: Iron [N, N’ Bis (5- (triphenyl phosphonium methyl) salicylidene) -1, 2 ethanediamine) chloride, [Fe Salen]Cl; Manganese [N, N’ Bis (5- (triphenyl phosphonium methyl) salicylidene) -1, 2 ethanediamine) acetate, were investigated by spectroscopic and isothermal titration calorimetry techniques (ITC). The absorbance spectra of complexes have shown hyper and hypochromism in the presence of DNA that is indication of interaction of complexes with DNA. The linear dichroism (LD) measurements confirmed the bending of DNA in the presence of complexes. Furthermore, Isothermal titration calorimetry experiments approved that complexes bound to DNA on the base of both electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions. More, ITC profile exhibits the existence of two binding phases for the complexes. Antibacterial activity of ligand and complexes were tested in vitro to evaluate their activity against the gram positive and negative bacteria.

**Keywords:**
Schiff base complexes,
Linear dichroism (LD),
Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC).

##### 1604 A Review on Bearing Capacity Factor Nγ of Shallow Foundations with Different Shapes

**Authors:**
S. Taghvamanesh,
R. Ziaie Moayed

**Abstract:**

There are several methods for calculating the bearing capacity factors of foundations and retaining walls. In this paper, the bearing capacity factor Nγ (shape factor) for different types of foundation have been investigated. The formula for bearing capacity on c–φ–γ soil can still be expressed by Terzaghi’s equation except that the bearing capacity factor Nγ depends on the surcharge ratio, and friction angle φ. It is apparent that the value of Nγ increases irregularly with the friction angle of the subsoil, which leads to an excessive increment in Nγ of foundations with larger width. Also, the bearing capacity factor Nγ will significantly decrease with an increase in foundation`s width. It also should be highlighted that the effect of shape and dimension will be less noticeable with a decrease in the relative density of the soil. Hence, the bearing capacity factor Nγ relatively depends on foundation`s width, surcharge and roughness ratio. This paper presents the results of various studies conducted on the bearing capacity factor Nγ of: different types of shallow foundation and foundations with irregular geometry (ring footing, triangular footing, shell foundations and etc.) Further studies on the effect of bearing capacity factor Nγ on mat foundations and the characteristics of this factor with or without consideration for the presence of friction between soil and foundation are recommended.

**Keywords:**
Bearing capacity,
Bearing capacity factor,
irregular foundation,
shallow foundation.

##### 1603 Energy Efficiency Testing of Fluorescent and WOLED (White Organic LED)

**Authors:**
Hari Maghfiroh,
Harry Prabowo

**Abstract:**

WOLED is widely used as lighting for high efficacy and little power consumption. In this research, power factor testing between WOLED and fluorescent lamp to see which one is more efficient in consuming energy. Since both lamps use semiconductor components, so calculation of the power factor need to consider the effects of harmonics. Harmonic make bigger losses. The study is conducted by comparing the value of the power factor regardless of harmonics (DPF) and also by included the harmonics (TPF). The average value of DPF of fluorescent is 0.953 while WOLED is 0.972. The average value of TPF of fluorescent is 0.717 whereas WOLED is 0.933. So from the review of power factor WOLED is more energy efficient than fluorescent lamp.

**Keywords:**
Fluorescent,
harmonic,
power factor,
WOLED.

##### 1602 The Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire (W-DEQ) with Turkish Sample: Confirmatory and Exploratory Factor Analysis

**Authors:**
Oznur Korukcu,
Kamile Kukulu,
Mehmet Z. Firat

**Abstract:**

The propose of this study is to investigate the factor structures of the W-DEQ, originally developed on UK and Swedish women, were confirmed in Turkish samples, and to obtain a new modified factor structure appropriate to Turkish culture. Statistical analyses of the data obtained were performed using SPSS© for Windows version 13.0 and the SAS statistical software Version 9.1. Both confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis of W-DEQ were performed in the study. Factor analysis yielded four factors related to hope, fear, lack of positive anticipation and riskiness. The alpha estimates of the total W-DEQ score were somewhat higher, being 0.92 for the parous and 0.90 for the nulliparous sample. These are well above the accepted limit of 0.70 and indicate excellent levels of internal reliability, thus showing that the questions were appropriate to the Turkish culture and useful scale for the evaluation of fear of childbirth in Turkish pregnants.

**Keywords:**
Confirmatory factor analysis,
cross-cultural research,
exploratory factor analysis,
fear of childbirth.

##### 1601 Evaluation of Behavior Factor for Steel Moment-Resisting Frames

**Authors:**
Taïeb Branci,
Djamal Yahmi,
Abdelhamid Bouchair,
Eric Fourneley

**Abstract:**

According to current seismic codes the structures are calculated using the capacity design procedure based on the concept of shear at the base depending on several parameters including behavior factor which is considered to be the most important parameter. The behavior factor allows designing the structure when it is at its ultimate limit state taking into account its energy dissipation through its plastic deformation. The aim of the present study is to assess the basic parameters on which is composed the behavior factor among them the reduction factor due to ductility, and those due to redundancy and the overstrength for steel moment-resisting frames of different heights and regular configuration. Analyses are conducted on these frames using the nonlinear static method where the effect of some parameters on the behavior factor, such as the number of stories and the number of spans, are taken into account. The results show that the behavior factor is rather sensitive to the variation of the number of stories and bays.

**Keywords:**
Behavior,
code,
frame,
ductility,
overstrength,
redundancy,
plastic.

##### 1600 A Neighborhood Condition for Fractional k-deleted Graphs

**Authors:**
Sizhong Zhou,
Hongxia Liu

**Abstract:**

Abstract–Let k ≥ 3 be an integer, and let G be a graph of order n with n ≥ 9k +3- 42(k - 1)2 + 2. Then a spanning subgraph F of G is called a k-factor if dF (x) = k for each x ∈ V (G). A fractional k-factor is a way of assigning weights to the edges of a graph G (with all weights between 0 and 1) such that for each vertex the sum of the weights of the edges incident with that vertex is k. A graph G is a fractional k-deleted graph if there exists a fractional k-factor after deleting any edge of G. In this paper, it is proved that G is a fractional k-deleted graph if G satisfies δ(G) ≥ k + 1 and |NG(x) ∪ NG(y)| ≥ 1 2 (n + k - 2) for each pair of nonadjacent vertices x, y of G.

**Keywords:**
Graph,
minimum degree,
neighborhood union,
fractional k-factor,
fractional k-deleted graph.

##### 1599 Cognitive Weighted Polymorphism Factor: A Comprehension Augmented Complexity Metric

**Authors:**
T. Francis Thamburaj,
A. Aloysius

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Cognitive complexity metric,
cognitive weighted
polymorphism factor,
object-oriented metrics,
polymorphism factor,
software metrics.

##### 1598 A High Quality Factor Filter Based on Quasi-Periodic Photonic Structure

**Authors:**
Hamed Alipour-Banaei,
Farhad Mehdizadeh

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Thue-Morse,
filter,
quality factor.

##### 1597 Affine Projection Algorithm with Variable Data-Reuse Factor

**Authors:**
ChangWoo Lee,
Young Kow Lee,
Sung Jun Ban,
SungHoo Choi,
Sang Woo Kim

**Abstract:**

This paper suggests a new Affine Projection (AP) algorithm with variable data-reuse factor using the condition number as a decision factor. To reduce computational burden, we adopt a recently reported technique which estimates the condition number of an input data matrix. Several simulations show that the new algorithm has better performance than that of the conventional AP algorithm.

**Keywords:**
Affine projection algorithm,
variable data-reuse factor,
condition number,
convergence rate,
misalignment.

##### 1596 Establishing a New Simple Formula for Buckling Length Factor (K) of Rigid Frames Columns

**Authors:**
Ehab Hasan Ahmed Hasan Ali

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Buckling length,
New formula,
Curve fitting,
Simplification,
Steel column design.

##### 1595 Electron Filling Factor and Sunlight Concentration Effects on the Efficiency of Intermediate Band Solar Cell

**Authors:**
Nima Es'haghi Gorji,
Hossein Movla,
Foozieh Sohrabi,
Alireza Mottaghizadeh,
Mohammad Houshmand,
Hassan Babaei,
Arash Nikniazi

**Abstract:**

For a determined intermediate band position, the effects of electron filling factor and sunlight concentration on the active region thickness and efficiency of the quantum-dot intermediate band solar cell are calculated. For each value of electron filling factor, the maximum point of efficiency obtained and resulted in the optimum thickness of the cell under three different sunlight concentrations. We show the importance of filling factor as a parameter to be more considered. The photon recycling effect eliminated in all calculations.

**Keywords:**
Intermediate band,
Sunlight concentration,
Efficiency limits,
Electron filling factor

##### 1594 Forecasting Electricity Spot Price with Generalized Long Memory Modeling: Wavelet and Neural Network

**Authors:**
Souhir Ben Amor,
Heni Boubaker,
Lotfi Belkacem

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
k-factor,
GARMA,
LLWNN,
G-GARCH,
electricity price,
forecasting.

##### 1593 Outdoor Anomaly Detection with a Spectroscopic Line Detector

**Authors:**
O. J. G. Somsen

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Anomaly detection,
spectroscopic line imaging,
image analysis.

##### 1592 Mind Your Product-Market Strategy on Selecting Marketing Inputs: An Uncertainty Approach in Indian Context

**Authors:**
Susmita Ghosh,
Bhaskar Bhowmick

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Uncertainty,
market,
orientation,
competitor,
demand.

##### 1591 [a, b]-Factors Excluding Some Specified Edges In Graphs

**Authors:**
Sizhong Zhou,
Bingyuan Pu

**Abstract:**

Let G be a graph of order n, and let a, b and m be positive integers with 1 ≤ a<b. An [a, b]-factor of G is deﬁned as a spanning subgraph F of G such that a ≤ dF (x) ≤ b for each x ∈ V (G). In this paper, it is proved that if n ≥ (a+b−1+√(a+b+1)m−2)2−1 b and δ(G) > n + a + b − 2 √bn+ 1, then for any subgraph H of G with m edges, G has an [a, b]-factor F such that E(H)∩ E(F) = ∅. This result is an extension of thatof Egawa [2].

**Keywords:**
graph,
minimum degree,
[a,
b]-factor.

##### 1590 A Novel Forgetting Factor Recursive Least Square Algorithm Applied to the Human Motion Analysis

**Authors:**
Hadi Sadoghi Yazdi,
Mehri Sadoghi Yazdi,
Mohammad Reza Mohammadi

**Abstract:**

This paper is concerned with studying the forgetting factor of the recursive least square (RLS). A new dynamic forgetting factor (DFF) for RLS algorithm is presented. The proposed DFF-RLS is compared to other methods. Better performance at convergence and tracking of noisy chirp sinusoid is achieved. The control of the forgetting factor at DFF-RLS is based on the gradient of inverse correlation matrix. Compared with the gradient of mean square error algorithm, the proposed approach provides faster tracking and smaller mean square error. In low signal-to-noise ratios, the performance of the proposed method is superior to other approaches.

**Keywords:**
Forgetting factor,
RLS,
Inverse correlation matrix,
human motion analysis.

##### 1589 An Investigation on Overstrength Factor (Ω) of Reinforced Concrete Buildings in Turkish Earthquake Draft Code (TEC-2016)

**Authors:**
M. Hakan Arslan,
I. Hakkı Erkan

**Abstract:**

Overstrength factor is an important parameter of load reduction factor. In this research, the overstrength factor (Ω) of reinforced concrete (RC) buildings and the parameters of Ω in TEC-2016 draft version have been explored. For this aim, 48 RC buildings have been modeled according to the current seismic code TEC-2007 and Turkish Building Code-500-2000 criteria. After modelling step, nonlinear static pushover analyses have been applied to these buildings by using TEC-2007 Section 7. After the nonlinear pushover analyses, capacity curves (lateral load-lateral top displacement curves) have been plotted for 48 RC buildings. Using capacity curves, overstrength factors (Ω) have been derived for each building. The obtained overstrength factor (Ω) values have been compared with TEC-2016 values for related building types, and the results have been interpreted. According to the obtained values from the study, overstrength factor (Ω) given in TEC-2016 draft code is found quite suitable.

**Keywords:**
Reinforced concrete buildings,
overstrength factor,
earthquake,
static pushover analysis.

##### 1588 Analysis of Socio-Cultural Obstacles for Dissemination of Nanotechnology from Iran's Agricultural Experts Perspective

**Authors:**
S. M. Mirdamadi,
S. Esmaeili,
S. A. Tohidloo

**Abstract:**

The main purpose of this research was to analyze Socio-Cultural obstacles of disseminating of nanotechnology in Iran's agricultural section. One hundred twenty eight out of a total of 190 researchers with different levels of expertise in and familiarity with nanotechnology were randomly selected and questionnaires completed by them. Face validity have been done by expert's suggestion and correction, reliability by using Cronbakh-Alpha formula. The results of a factor analysis showed variation for different factors. For cultural factors 19/475 percent, for management 13/139 percent, information factor 11/277 percent, production factor 9/703 percent, social factor 9/267 percent, and for attitude factor it became 8/947 percent. Also results indicated that socio-cultural factors were the most important obstacle for nanotechnology dissemination in agricultural section in Iran.

**Keywords:**
Agriculture,
Iran,
nanotechnology,
public perception,
social-cultural obstacles.