**Commenced**in January 2007

**Frequency:**Monthly

**Edition:**International

**Paper Count:**1226

# Search results for: Rotation matrix

##### 1226 Image Rotation Using an Augmented 2-Step Shear Transform

**Authors:**
Hee-Choul Kwon,
Heeyong Kwon

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
High speed rotation operation,
image rotation,
transform matrix,
image processing,
pattern recognition.

##### 1225 Deriving Generic Transformation Matrices for Multi-Axis Milling Machine

**Authors:**
Alan C. Lin,
Tzu-Kuan Lin,
Tsong Der Lin

**Abstract:**

This paper proposes a new method to find the equations of transformation matrix for the rotation angles of the two rotational axes and the coordinates of the three linear axes of an orthogonal multi-axis milling machine. This approach provides intuitive physical meanings for rotation angles of multi-axis machines, which can be used to evaluate the accuracy of the conversion from CL data to NC data.

**Keywords:**
CAM,
multi-axis milling machining.

##### 1224 On Generalized New Class of Matrix Polynomial Set

**Authors:**
Ghazi S. Kahmmash

**Abstract:**

New generalization of the new class matrix polynomial set have been obtained. An explicit representation and an expansion of the matrix exponential in a series of these matrix are given for these matrix polynomials.

**Keywords:**
Generating functions,
Recurrences relation and Generalization of the new class matrix polynomial set.

##### 1223 Shape-Based Image Retrieval Using Shape Matrix

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
shape representation,
shape matching,
shape matrix,
deformation

##### 1222 Acceleration-Based Motion Model for Visual SLAM

**Authors:**
Daohong Yang,
Xiang Zhang,
Wanting Zhou,
Lei Li

**Abstract:**

Visual Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (VSLAM) is a technology that gathers information about the surrounding environment to ascertain its own position and create a map. It is widely used in computer vision, robotics, and various other fields. Many visual SLAM systems, such as OBSLAM3, utilize a constant velocity motion model. The utilization of this model facilitates the determination of the initial pose of the current frame, thereby enhancing the efficiency and precision of feature matching. However, it is often difficult to satisfy the constant velocity motion model in actual situations. This can result in a significant deviation between the obtained initial pose and the true value, leading to errors in nonlinear optimization results. Therefore, this paper proposes a motion model based on acceleration that can be applied to most SLAM systems. To provide a more accurate description of the camera pose acceleration, we separate the pose transformation matrix into its rotation matrix and translation vector components. The rotation matrix is now represented by a rotation vector. We assume that, over a short period, the changes in rotating angular velocity and translation vector remain constant. Based on this assumption, the initial pose of the current frame is estimated. In addition, the error of the constant velocity model is analyzed theoretically. Finally, we apply our proposed approach to the ORBSLAM3 system and evaluate two sets of sequences from the TUM datasets. The results show that our proposed method has a more accurate initial pose estimation, resulting in an improvement of 6.61% and 6.46% in the accuracy of the ORBSLAM3 system on the two test sequences, respectively.

**Keywords:**
Error estimation,
constant acceleration motion model,
pose estimation,
visual SLAM.

##### 1221 The Partial Non-combinatorially Symmetric N10 -Matrix Completion Problem

**Authors:**
Gu-Fang Mou,
Ting-Zhu Huang

**Abstract:**

An n×n matrix is called an N1 0 -matrix if all principal minors are non-positive and each entry is non-positive. In this paper, we study the partial non-combinatorially symmetric N1 0 -matrix completion problems if the graph of its specified entries is a transitive tournament or a double cycle. In general, these digraphs do not have N1 0 -completion. Therefore, we have given sufficient conditions that guarantee the existence of the N1 0 -completion for these digraphs.

**Keywords:**
Matrix completion,
matrix completion,
N10 -matrix,
non-combinatorially symmetric,
cycle,
digraph.

##### 1220 Fuzzy Adjacency Matrix in Graphs

**Authors:**
Mahdi Taheri,
Mehrana Niroumand

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Graph,
adjacency matrix,
fuzzy numbers

##### 1219 Effect of Rotating Electrode

**Authors:**
S. Gnapowski,
H. Akiyama,
S. Hamid R. Hosseini,
C. Yamabe

**Abstract:**

A gold coated copper rotating electrode was used to eliminate surface oxidation effect. This study examined the effect of electrode rotation on the ozone generation process and showed that an ozonizer with an electrode rotating system might be a possible way to increase ozone-synthesis efficiency. Two new phenomena appeared during experiments with the rotating electrode. First was that ozone concentration increased to about two times higher than that of the case with no rotation. Second, input power and discharge area were found to increase with the rotation speed. Both ozone concentration and ozone production efficiency improved in the case of rotating electrode compared to the case with a non-rotating electrode. One possible reason for this was the increase in discharge length of micro-discharges during electrode rotation. The rotating electrode decreased onset voltage, while reactor capacitance increased with rotation. Use of a rotating-type electrode allowed earlier observation of the ozone zero phenomena compared with a non-rotating electrode because, during rotation, the entire electrode surface was functional, allowing nitrogen on the electrode surface to be evenly consumed. Nitrogen demand increased with increasing rotation s

**Keywords:**
Rotating electrode,
input power,
onset voltage,
discharge canal.

##### 1218 Effect of Rotation Rate on Chemical Segragation during Phase Change

**Authors:**
Nouri Sabrina,
Benzeghiba Mohamed,
Ghezal Abderrahmane

**Abstract:**

Numerical parametric study is conducted to study the effects of ampoule rotation on the flows and the dopant segregation in vertical bridgman (vb) crystal growth. Calculations were performed in unsteady state. The extended darcy model, which includes the time derivative and coriolis terms, has been employed in the momentum equation. It’s found that the convection, and dopant segregation can be affected significantly by ampoule rotation, and the effect is similar to that by an axial magnetic field. Ampoule rotation decreases the intensity of convection and stretches the flow cell axially. When the convection is weak, the flow can be suppressed almost completely by moderate ampoule rotation and the dopant segregation becomes diffusion-controlled. For stronger convection, the elongated flow cell by ampoule rotation may bring dopant mixing into the bulk melt reducing axial segregation at the early stage of the growth. However, if the cellular flow cannot be suppressed completely, ampoule rotation may induce larger radial segregation due to poor mixing.

**Keywords:**
Numerical Simulation,
Heat and mass transfer,
vertical solidification,
chemical segregation.

##### 1217 Color Image Edge Detection using Pseudo-Complement and Matrix Operations

**Authors:**
T. N. Janakiraman,
P. V. S. S. R. Chandra Mouli

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Color edge detection,
dominant pixels,
matrixrotation/shift operations,
pseudo-complement.

##### 1216 Computational Investigation of the Combined Effects of Yaw, Rotation and Ground Proximity on the Aerodynamics of an Isolated Wheel

**Authors:**
T. D. Kothalawala,
A. Gatto,
L. Wrobel

**Abstract:**

An exploratory computational investigation using RANS & URANS was carried out to understand the aerodynamics around an isolatedsingle rotating wheel with decreasing ground proximity. The wheel was initially modeled in free air conditions, then with decreasing ground proximity and increased yaw angle with rotational speeds. Three speeds of rotation were applied to the wheel so that the effect of different angular velocities can be investigated. In addition to rotation, three different yaw angles were applied to the rotating wheel in order to understand how these two variables combined affect the aerodynamic flow field around the wheel.

**Keywords:**
Aerodynamics,
CFD,
Ground Proximity,
Landing
Gear,
Wheel,
Rotation,
Yaw.

##### 1215 Inverse Matrix in the Theory of Dynamic Systems

**Authors:**
R. Masarova,
M. Juhas,
B. Juhasova,
Z. Sutova

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Dynamic system,
transfer matrix,
inverse matrix,
modeling.

##### 1214 Starting Pitcher Rotation in the Chinese Professional Baseball League based on AHP and TOPSIS

**Authors:**
Chih-Cheng Chen,
Meng-Lung Lin,
Yung-Tan Lee,
Tien-Tze Chen

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
AHP,
TOPSIS,
starting pitcher rotation,
CPBL

##### 1213 Self-Excited Vibration in Hydraulic Ball Check Valve

**Authors:**
L. Grinis,
V. Haslavsky,
U. Tzadka

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Check-valve,
vibration,
vortex shedding

##### 1212 Numerical Treatment of Matrix Differential Models Using Matrix Splines

**Authors:**
Kholod M. Abualnaja

**Abstract:**

This paper consider the solution of the matrix differential models using quadratic, cubic, quartic, and quintic splines. Also using the Taylor’s and Picard’s matrix methods, one illustrative example is included.

**Keywords:**
Matrix Splines,
Cubic Splines,
Quartic Splines.

##### 1211 Face Recognition with Image Rotation Detection, Correction and Reinforced Decision using ANN

**Authors:**
Hemashree Bordoloi,
Kandarpa Kumar Sarma

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Rotation,
Face,
Recognition,
ANN.

##### 1210 The Relationship of Eigenvalues between Backward MPSD and Jacobi Iterative Matrices

**Authors:**
Zhuan-de Wang,
Hou-biao Li,
Zhong-xi Gao

**Abstract:**

In this paper, the backward MPSD (Modified Preconditioned Simultaneous Displacement) iterative matrix is firstly proposed. The relationship of eigenvalues between the backward MPSD iterative matrix and backward Jacobi iterative matrix for block p-cyclic case is obtained, which improves and refines the results in the corresponding references.

**Keywords:**
Backward MPSD iterative matrix,
Jacobi iterative matrix,
eigenvalue,
p-cyclic matrix.

##### 1209 On Positive Definite Solutions of Quaternionic Matrix Equations

**Authors:**
Minghui Wang

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Matrix equation,
Quaternionic matrix,
Real representation,
positive (semi)definite solutions.

##### 1208 Connectivity Estimation from the Inverse Coherence Matrix in a Complex Chaotic Oscillator Network

**Authors:**
Won Sup Kim,
Xue-Mei Cui,
Seung Kee Han

**Abstract:**

We present on the method of inverse coherence matrix for the estimation of network connectivity from multivariate time series of a complex system. In a model system of coupled chaotic oscillators, it is shown that the inverse coherence matrix defined as the inverse of cross coherence matrix is proportional to the network connectivity. Therefore the inverse coherence matrix could be used for the distinction between the directly connected links from indirectly connected links in a complex network. We compare the result of network estimation using the method of the inverse coherence matrix with the results obtained from the coherence matrix and the partial coherence matrix.

**Keywords:**
Chaotic oscillator,
complex network,
inverse coherence matrix,
network estimation.

##### 1207 Solving Linear Matrix Equations by Matrix Decompositions

**Authors:**
Yongxin Yuan,
Kezheng Zuo

**Abstract:**

In this paper, a system of linear matrix equations is considered. A new necessary and sufficient condition for the consistency of the equations is derived by means of the generalized singular-value decomposition, and the explicit representation of the general solution is provided.

**Keywords:**
Matrix equation,
Generalized inverse,
Generalized
singular-value decomposition.

##### 1206 The Convergence Results between Backward USSOR and Jacobi Iterative Matrices

**Authors:**
Zuan-De Wang,
Hou-biao Li,
Zhong-xi Gao

**Abstract:**

In this paper, the backward Ussor iterative matrix is proposed. The relationship of convergence between the backward Ussor iterative matrix and Jacobi iterative matrix is obtained, which makes the results in the corresponding references be improved and refined.Moreover,numerical examples also illustrate the effectiveness of these conclusions.

**Keywords:**
Backward USSOR iterative matrix,
Jacobi iterative matrix,
convergence,
spectral radius

##### 1205 An Algorithm of Ordered Schur Factorization For Real Nonsymmetric Matrix

**Authors:**
Lokendra K. Balyan

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Schur Factorization,
Eigenvalues of nonsymmetric matrix,
Orthoganal matrix.

##### 1204 Tree Sign Patterns of Small Order that Allow an Eventually Positive Matrix

**Authors:**
Ber-Lin Yu,
Jie Cui,
Hong Cheng,
Zhengfeng Yu

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Eventually positive matrix,
sign pattern,
tree.

##### 1203 Numerical Simulation of Effect of Various Rib Configurations on Enhancing Heat Transfer of Matrix Cooling Channel

**Authors:**
Seok Min Choi,
Minho Bang,
Seuong Yun Kim,
Hyungmin Lee,
Won-Gu Joo,
Hyung Hee Cho

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Matrix cooling,
rib,
heat transfer,
gas turbine.

##### 1202 Bounds on the Second Stage Spectral Radius of Graphs

**Authors:**
S.K.Ayyaswamy,
S.Balachandran,
K.Kannan

**Abstract:**

Let G be a graph of order n. The second stage adjacency matrix of G is the symmetric n × n matrix for which the ijth entry is 1 if the vertices vi and vj are of distance two; otherwise 0. The sum of the absolute values of this second stage adjacency matrix is called the second stage energy of G. In this paper we investigate a few properties and determine some upper bounds for the largest eigenvalue.

**Keywords:**
Second stage spectral radius,
Irreducible matrix,
Derived graph

##### 1201 Some New Subclasses of Nonsingular H-matrices

**Authors:**
Guangbin Wang,
Liangliang Li,
Fuping Tan

**Abstract:**

In this paper, we obtain some new subclasses of non¬singular H-matrices by using a diagonally dominant matrix

**Keywords:**
H-matrix,
diagonal dominance,
a diagonally dominant matrix.

##### 1200 Effects of the Mass and Damping Matrix Model in the Nonlinear Seismic Response of Steel Frames

**Authors:**
A. Reyes-Salazar,
M. D. Llanes-Tizoc,
E. Bojorquez,
F. Valenzuela-Beltran,
J. Bojorquez,
J. R. Gaxiola-Camacho,
A. Haldar

**Abstract:**

Seismic analysis of steel buildings is usually based on the use of the concentrated mass (ML) matrix and the Rayleigh damping matrix (C). Similarly, the initial stiffness matrix (KO) and the first two modes associated to lateral vibrations are commonly used to develop the matrix C. The evaluation of the accuracy of these practices for the particular case of steel buildings with moment-resisting steel frames constitutes the main objective of this research. For this, the nonlinear seismic responses of three models of steel frames, representing low-, medium- and high-rise steel buildings, are considered. Results indicate that if the ML matrix is used, shears and bending moments in columns are underestimated by up to 30% and 65%, respectively, when compared to the corresponding results obtained with the consistent mass matrix (MC). It is also shown that if KO is used in C instead the tangent stiffness matrix (Kt), axial loads in columns are underestimated by up to 80%. It is concluded that the consistent mass matrix should be used in the structural modelling of moment resisting steel frames and the tangent stiffness matrix should be used to develop the Rayleigh damping matrix.

**Keywords:**
Moment-resisting steel frames,
consistent and concentrated mass matrices,
nonlinear seismic response,
Rayleigh damping.

##### 1199 Redundancy Component Matrix and Structural Robustness

**Authors:**
Xinjian Kou,
Linlin Li,
Yongju Zhou,
Jimian Song

**Abstract:**

We introduce the redundancy matrix that expresses clearly the geometrical/topological configuration of the structure. With the matrix, the redundancy of the structure is resolved into redundant components and assigned to each member or rigid joint. The values of the diagonal elements in the matrix indicates the importance of the corresponding members or rigid joints, and the geometrically correlations can be shown with the non-diagonal elements. If a member or rigid joint failures, reassignment of the redundant components can be calculated with the recursive method given in the paper. By combining the indexes of reliability and redundancy components, we define an index concerning the structural robustness. To further explain the properties of the redundancy matrix, we cited several examples of statically indeterminate structures, including two trusses and a rigid frame. With the examples, some simple results and the properties of the matrix are discussed. The examples also illustrate that the redundancy matrix and the relevant concepts are valuable in structural safety analysis.

**Keywords:**
Structural robustness,
structural reliability,
redundancy component,
redundancy matrix.

##### 1198 Newton-Raphson State Estimation Solution Employing Systematically Constructed Jacobian Matrix

**Authors:**
Nursyarizal Mohd Nor,
Ramiah Jegatheesan,
Perumal Nallagownden

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
State Estimation (SE),
Weight Least Square (WLS),
Newton-Raphson State Estimation (NRSE),
Jacobian matrix H.

##### 1197 New Moment Rotation Model of Single Web Angle Connections

**Authors:**
Zhengyi Kong,
Seung-Eock Kim

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Single-web angle connections,
finite element method,
moment and rotation,
hyperbolic function models.