Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 1529

Search results for: Periodic solutions

1529 Periodic Solutions for a Delayed Population Model on Time Scales

Authors: Kejun Zhuang, Zhaohui Wen

Abstract:

This paper deals with a delayed single population model on time scales. With the assistance of coincidence degree theory, sufficient conditions for existence of periodic solutions are obtained. Furthermore, the better estimations for bounds of periodic solutions are established.

Keywords: Coincidence degree, continuation theorem, periodic solutions, time scales

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1528 Almost Periodic Sequence Solutions of a Discrete Cooperation System with Feedback Controls

Authors: Ziping Li, Yongkun Li

Abstract:

In this paper, we consider the almost periodic solutions of a discrete cooperation system with feedback controls. Assuming that the coefficients in the system are almost periodic sequences, we obtain the existence and uniqueness of the almost periodic solution which is uniformly asymptotically stable.

Keywords: Discrete cooperation model, almost periodic solution, feedback control, Lyapunov function.

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1527 Periodic Solutions for a Two-prey One-predator System on Time Scales

Authors: Changjin Xu

Abstract:

In this paper, using the Gaines and Mawhin,s continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory on time scales, the existence of periodic solutions for a two-prey one-predator system is studied. Some sufficient conditions for the existence of positive periodic solutions are obtained. The results provide unified existence theorems of periodic solution for the continuous differential equations and discrete difference equations.

Keywords: Time scales, competitive system, periodic solution, coincidence degree, topological degree.

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1526 Periodic Solutions in a Delayed Competitive System with the Effect of Toxic Substances on Time Scales

Authors: Changjin Xu, Qianhong Zhang

Abstract:

In this paper, the existence of periodic solutions of a delayed competitive system with the effect of toxic substances is investigated by using the Gaines and Mawhin,s continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory on time scales. New sufficient conditions are obtained for the existence of periodic solutions. The approach is unified to provide the existence of the desired solutions for the continuous differential equations and discrete difference equations. Moreover, The approach has been widely applied to study existence of periodic solutions in differential equations and difference equations.

Keywords: Time scales, competitive system, periodic solution, coincidence degree, topological degree.

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1525 Multiple Positive Periodic Solutions to a Periodic Predator-Prey-Chain Model with Harvesting Terms

Authors: Zhouhong Li, Jiming Yang

Abstract:

In this paper, a class of predator-prey-chain model with harvesting terms are studied. By using Mawhin-s continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory and some skills of inequalities, some sufficient conditions are established for the existence of eight positive periodic solutions. Finally, an example is presented to illustrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the results.

Keywords: Positive periodic solutions, Predator-prey-chain model, coincidence degree, harvesting term.

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1524 Four Positive Almost Periodic Solutions to an Impulsive Delayed Plankton Allelopathy System with Multiple Exploit (or Harvesting) Terms

Authors: Fengshuo Zhang, Zhouhong Li

Abstract:

In this paper, we obtain sufficient conditions for the existence of at least four positive almost periodic solutions to an impulsive delayed periodic plankton allelopathy system with multiple exploited (or harvesting) terms. This result is obtained through the use of Mawhins continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory along with some properties relating to inequalities.

Keywords: Almost periodic solutions, plankton allelopathy system, coincidence degree, impulse.

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1523 Pseudo-almost Periodic Solutions of a Class Delayed Chaotic Neural Networks

Authors: Farouk Cherif

Abstract:

This paper is concerned with the existence and unique¬ness of pseudo-almost periodic solutions to the chaotic delayed neural networks (t)= —Dx(t) ± A f (x (t)) B f (x (t — r)) C f (x(p))dp J (t) . t-o Under some suitable assumptions on A, B, C, D, J and f, the existence and uniqueness of a pseudo-almost periodic solution to equation above is obtained. The results of this paper are new and they complement previously known results.

Keywords: Chaotic neural network, Hamiltonian systems, Pseudo almost periodic.

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1522 Multiple Periodic Solutions for a Delayed Predator-prey System on Time Scales

Authors: Xiaoquan Ding, Jianmin Hao, Changwen Liu

Abstract:

This paper is devoted to a delayed periodic predatorprey system with non-monotonic numerical response on time scales. With the help of a continuation theorem based on coincidence degree theory, we establish easily verifiable criteria for the existence of multiple periodic solutions. As corollaries, some applications are listed. In particular, our results improve and generalize some known ones.

Keywords: Predator-prey system, periodic solution, time scale, delay, coincidence degree.

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1521 Exponential Stability of Periodic Solutions in Inertial Neural Networks with Unbounded Delay

Authors: Yunquan Ke, Chunfang Miao

Abstract:

In this paper, the exponential stability of periodic solutions in inertial neural networks with unbounded delay are investigated. First, using variable substitution the system is transformed to first order differential equation. Second, by the fixed-point theorem and constructing suitable Lyapunov function, some sufficient conditions guaranteeing the existence and exponential stability of periodic solutions of the system are obtained. Finally, two examples are given to illustrate the effectiveness of the results.

Keywords: Inertial neural networks, unbounded delay, fixed-point theorem, Lyapunov function, periodic solutions, exponential stability.

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1520 Multiple Positive Periodic Solutions to a Predator-prey system with Harvesting Terms and Holling II Type Functional Response

Authors: Pan Wang, Yongkun Li

Abstract:

In this paper, a periodic predator-prey system with harvesting terms and Holling II type functional response is considered. Sufficient criteria for the existence of at least sixteen periodic solutions are established by using the well known continuation theorem due to Mawhin. An example is given to illustrate the main result.

Keywords: Periodic solution, predator-prey system, harvesting terms, continuation theorem.

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1519 Positive Almost Periodic Solutions for Neural Multi-Delay Logarithmic Population Model

Authors: Zhouhong Li

Abstract:

In this paper, by applying Mawhin-s continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory, we study the existence of almost periodic solutions for neural multi-delay logarithmic population model and obtain one sufficient condition for the existence of positive almost periodic solution for the above equation. An example is employed to illustrate our result.

Keywords: Almost periodic solution, Multi-delay, Logarithmic population model, Coincidence degree.

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1518 2n Positive Periodic Solutions to n Species Non-autonomous Lotka-Volterra Competition Systems with Harvesting Terms

Authors: Yongkun Li, Kaihong Zhao

Abstract:

By using Mawhin-s continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory, we establish the existence of 2n positive periodic solutions for n species non-autonomous Lotka-Volterra competition systems with harvesting terms. An example is given to illustrate the effectiveness of our results.

Keywords: Positive periodic solutions, Lotka-Volterra competition system, coincidence degree, harvesting term.

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1517 2n Almost Periodic Attractors for Cohen-Grossberg Neural Networks with Variable and Distribute Delays

Authors: Meng Hu, Lili Wang

Abstract:

In this paper, we investigate dynamics of 2n almost periodic attractors for Cohen-Grossberg neural networks (CGNNs) with variable and distribute time delays. By imposing some new assumptions on activation functions and system parameters, we split invariant basin of CGNNs into 2n compact convex subsets. Then the existence of 2n almost periodic solutions lying in compact convex subsets is attained due to employment of the theory of exponential dichotomy and Schauder-s fixed point theorem. Meanwhile, we derive some new criteria for the networks to converge toward these 2n almost periodic solutions and exponential attracting domains are also given correspondingly.

Keywords: CGNNs, almost periodic solution, invariant basins, attracting domains.

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1516 Existence of Periodic Solutions in a Food Chain Model with Holling–type II Functional Response

Authors: Zhaohui Wen

Abstract:

In this paper, a food chain model with Holling type II functional response on time scales is investigated. By using the Mawhin-s continuation theorem in coincidence degree theory, sufficient conditions for existence of periodic solutions are obtained.

Keywords: Periodic solutions, food chain model, coincidence degree, time scales.

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1515 Periodic Solutions for a Third-order p-Laplacian Functional Differential Equation

Authors: Yanling Zhu, Kai Wang

Abstract:

By means of Mawhin’s continuation theorem, we study a kind of third-order p-Laplacian functional differential equation with distributed delay in the form: ϕp(x (t)) = g  t,  0 −τ x(t + s) dα(s)  + e(t), some criteria to guarantee the existence of periodic solutions are obtained.

Keywords: p–Laplacian, distributed delay, periodic solution, Mawhin's continuation theorem.

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1514 Multiple Positive Periodic Solutions of a Competitor-Competitor-Mutualist Lotka-Volterra System with Harvesting Terms

Authors: Yongkun Li, Erliang Xu

Abstract:

In this paper, by using Mawhin-s continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory, we establish the existence of multiple positive periodic solutions of a competitor-competitor-mutualist Lotka-Volterra system with harvesting terms. Finally, an example is given to illustrate our results.

Keywords: Positive periodic solutions, competitor-competitor mutualist Lotka-Volterra systems, coincidence degree, harvesting term.

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1513 Existence of Multiple Positive Periodic Solutions to n Species Nonautonomous Lotka-Volterra Cooperative Systems with Harvesting Terms

Authors: Kaihong Zhao

Abstract:

In this paper, the existence of 2n positive periodic solutions for n species non-autonomous Lotka-Volterra cooperative systems with harvesting terms is established by using Mawhin-s continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory and matrix inequality. An example is given to illustrate the effectiveness of our results.

Keywords: Multiple positive periodic solutions, Nonautonomous Lotka-Volterra cooperative system, Coincidence degree, Harvesting term.

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1512 Periodic Solutions of Recurrent Neural Networks with Distributed Delays and Impulses on Time Scales

Authors: Yaping Ren, Yongkun Li

Abstract:

In this paper, by using the continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory, M-matrix theory and constructing some suitable Lyapunov functions, some sufficient conditions are obtained for the existence and global exponential stability of periodic solutions of recurrent neural networks with distributed delays and impulses on time scales. Without assuming the boundedness of the activation functions gj, hj , these results are less restrictive than those given in the earlier references.

Keywords: Recurrent neural networks, global exponential stability, periodic solutions, distributed delays, impulses, time scales.

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1511 Existence and Global Exponential Stability of Periodic Solutions of Cellular Neural Networks with Distributed Delays and Impulses on Time Scales

Authors: Daiming Wang

Abstract:

In this paper, by using Mawhin-s continuation theorem of coincidence degree and a method based on delay differential inequality, some sufficient conditions are obtained for the existence and global exponential stability of periodic solutions of cellular neural networks with distributed delays and impulses on time scales. The results of this paper generalized previously known results.

Keywords: Periodic solutions, global exponential stability, coincidence degree, M-matrix.

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1510 Periodic Solutions for a Higher Order Nonlinear Neutral Functional Differential Equation

Authors: Yanling Zhu

Abstract:

In this paper, a higher order nonlinear neutral functional differential equation with distributed delay is studied by using the continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory. Some new results on the existence of periodic solutions are obtained.

Keywords: Neutral functional differential equation, higher order, periodic solution, coincidence degree theory.

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1509 Multiple Positive Periodic Solutions of a Delayed Predatory-Prey System with Holling Type II Functional Response

Authors: Kaihong Zhao, Jiuqing Liu

Abstract:

In this letter, we considers a delayed predatory-prey system with Holling type II functional response. Under some sufficient conditions, the existence of multiple positive periodic solutions is obtained by using Mawhin’s continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory. An example is given to illustrate the effectiveness of our results.

Keywords: Multiple positive periodic solutions, Predatory-prey system, Coincidence degree, Holling type II functional response.

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1508 Periodic Solutions for a Food Chain System with Monod–Haldane Functional Response on Time Scales

Authors: Kejun Zhuang, Hailong Zhu

Abstract:

In this paper, the three species food chain model on time scales is established. The Monod–Haldane functional response and time delay are considered. With the help of coincidence degree theory, existence of periodic solutions is investigated, which unifies the continuous and discrete analogies.

Keywords: Food chain system, periodic solution, time scales, coincidence degree.

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1507 Dynamics of a Discrete Three Species Food Chain System

Authors: Kejun Zhuang, Zhaohui Wen

Abstract:

The main purpose of this paper is to investigate a discrete time three–species food chain system with ratio dependence. By employing coincidence degree theory and analysis techniques, sufficient conditions for existence of periodic solutions are established.

Keywords: Food chain, ratio–dependent, coincidence degree, periodic solutions.

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1506 Anti-periodic Solutions for Cohen-Grossberg Shunting Inhibitory Neural Networks with Delays

Authors: Yongkun Li, Tianwei Zhang, Shufa Bai

Abstract:

By using the method of coincidence degree theory and constructing suitable Lyapunov functional, several sufficient conditions are established for the existence and global exponential stability of anti-periodic solutions for Cohen-Grossberg shunting inhibitory neural networks with delays. An example is given to illustrate our feasible results.

Keywords: Anti-periodic solution, coincidence degree, global exponential stability, Cohen-Grossberg shunting inhibitory cellular neural networks.

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1505 New Exact Three-Wave Solutions for the (2+1)-Dimensional Asymmetric Nizhnik-Novikov-Veselov System

Authors: Fadi Awawdeh, O. Alsayyed

Abstract:

New exact three-wave solutions including periodic two-solitary solutions and doubly periodic solitary solutions for the (2+1)-dimensional asymmetric Nizhnik-Novikov- Veselov (ANNV) system are obtained using Hirota's bilinear form and generalized three-wave type of ansatz approach. It is shown that the generalized three-wave method, with the help of symbolic computation, provides an e¤ective and powerful mathematical tool for solving high dimensional nonlinear evolution equations in mathematical physics.

Keywords: Soliton Solution, Hirota Bilinear Method, ANNV System.

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1504 Existence of Periodic Solution for p-Laplacian Neutral Rayleigh Equation with Sign-variable Coefficient of Non Linear Term

Authors: Aomar Anane, Omar Chakrone, Loubna Moutaouekkil

Abstract:

As p-Laplacian equations have been widely applied in field of the fluid mechanics and nonlinear elastic mechanics, it is necessary to investigate the periodic solutions of functional differential equations involving the scalar p-Laplacian. By using Mawhin’s continuation theorem, we study the existence of periodic solutions for p-Laplacian neutral Rayleigh equation (ϕp(x(t)−c(t)x(t − r))) + f(x(t)) + g1(x(t − τ1(t, |x|∞))) + β(t)g2(x(t − τ2(t, |x|∞))) = e(t), It is meaningful that the functions c(t) and β(t) are allowed to change signs in this paper, which are different from the corresponding ones of known literature.

Keywords: periodic solution, neutral Rayleigh equation, variable sign, Deviating argument, p-Laplacian, Mawhin’s continuation.

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1503 Positive Periodic Solutions for a Predator-prey Model with Modified Leslie-Gower Holling-type II Schemes and a Deviating Argument

Authors: Yanling Zhu, Kai Wang

Abstract:

In this paper, by utilizing the coincidence degree theorem a predator-prey model with modified Leslie-Gower Hollingtype II schemes and a deviating argument is studied. Some sufficient conditions are obtained for the existence of positive periodic solutions of the model.

Keywords: Predator-prey model, Holling II type functional response, positive periodic solution, coincidence degree theorem.

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1502 Periodic Solutions for Some Strongly Nonlinear Oscillators by He's Energy Balance Method

Authors: Meng Hu, Lili Wang

Abstract:

In this paper, applying He-s energy balance method to determine frequency formulation relations of nonlinear oscillators with discontinuous term or fractional potential. By calculation and computer simulations, compared with the exact solutions show that the results obtained are of high accuracy.

Keywords: He's energy balance method, periodic solution, nonlinear oscillator, discontinuous, fractional potential.

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1501 Hopf Bifurcation Analysis for a Delayed Predator–prey System with Stage Structure

Authors: Kejun Zhuang

Abstract:

In this paper, a delayed predator–prey system with stage structure is investigated. Sufficient conditions for the system to have multiple periodic solutions are obtained when the delay is sufficiently large by applying Bendixson-s criterion. Further, some numerical examples are given.

Keywords: Predator-prey system, Stage structure, Hopf bifurcation, Periodic solutions.

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1500 Zero-Dissipative Explicit Runge-Kutta Method for Periodic Initial Value Problems

Authors: N. Senu, I. A. Kasim, F. Ismail, N. Bachok

Abstract:

In this paper zero-dissipative explicit Runge-Kutta method is derived for solving second-order ordinary differential equations with periodical solutions. The phase-lag and dissipation properties for Runge-Kutta (RK) method are also discussed. The new method has algebraic order three with dissipation of order infinity. The numerical results for the new method are compared with existing method when solving the second-order differential equations with periodic solutions using constant step size.

Keywords: Dissipation, Oscillatory solutions, Phase-lag, Runge- Kutta methods.

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