**Commenced**in January 2007

**Frequency:**Monthly

**Edition:**International

**Paper Count:**3198

# Search results for: Evaluation matrix

##### 3198 A Matrix Evaluation Model for Sustainability Assessment of Manufacturing Technologies

**Authors:**
Q. Z. Yang,
B. H. Chua,
B. Song

**Abstract:**

Technology assessment is a vital part of decision process in manufacturing, particularly for decisions on selection of new sustainable manufacturing processes. To assess these processes, a matrix approach is introduced and sustainability assessment models are developed. Case studies show that the matrix-based approach provides a flexible and practical way for sustainability evaluation of new manufacturing technologies such as those used in surface coating. The technology assessment of coating processes reveals that compared with powder coating, the sol-gel coating can deliver better technical, economical and environmental sustainability with respect to the selected sustainability evaluation criteria for a decorative coating application of car wheels.

**Keywords:**
Evaluation matrix,
sustainable manufacturing,
surface coating,
technology assessment

##### 3197 On Generalized New Class of Matrix Polynomial Set

**Authors:**
Ghazi S. Kahmmash

**Abstract:**

New generalization of the new class matrix polynomial set have been obtained. An explicit representation and an expansion of the matrix exponential in a series of these matrix are given for these matrix polynomials.

**Keywords:**
Generating functions,
Recurrences relation and Generalization of the new class matrix polynomial set.

##### 3196 Effects of the Mass and Damping Matrix Model in the Nonlinear Seismic Response of Steel Frames

**Authors:**
A. Reyes-Salazar,
M. D. Llanes-Tizoc,
E. Bojorquez,
F. Valenzuela-Beltran,
J. Bojorquez,
J. R. Gaxiola-Camacho,
A. Haldar

**Abstract:**

Seismic analysis of steel buildings is usually based on the use of the concentrated mass (ML) matrix and the Rayleigh damping matrix (C). Similarly, the initial stiffness matrix (KO) and the first two modes associated to lateral vibrations are commonly used to develop the matrix C. The evaluation of the accuracy of these practices for the particular case of steel buildings with moment-resisting steel frames constitutes the main objective of this research. For this, the nonlinear seismic responses of three models of steel frames, representing low-, medium- and high-rise steel buildings, are considered. Results indicate that if the ML matrix is used, shears and bending moments in columns are underestimated by up to 30% and 65%, respectively, when compared to the corresponding results obtained with the consistent mass matrix (MC). It is also shown that if KO is used in C instead the tangent stiffness matrix (Kt), axial loads in columns are underestimated by up to 80%. It is concluded that the consistent mass matrix should be used in the structural modelling of moment resisting steel frames and the tangent stiffness matrix should be used to develop the Rayleigh damping matrix.

**Keywords:**
Moment-resisting steel frames,
consistent and concentrated mass matrices,
nonlinear seismic response,
Rayleigh damping.

##### 3195 The Partial Non-combinatorially Symmetric N10 -Matrix Completion Problem

**Authors:**
Gu-Fang Mou,
Ting-Zhu Huang

**Abstract:**

An n×n matrix is called an N1 0 -matrix if all principal minors are non-positive and each entry is non-positive. In this paper, we study the partial non-combinatorially symmetric N1 0 -matrix completion problems if the graph of its specified entries is a transitive tournament or a double cycle. In general, these digraphs do not have N1 0 -completion. Therefore, we have given sufficient conditions that guarantee the existence of the N1 0 -completion for these digraphs.

**Keywords:**
Matrix completion,
matrix completion,
N10 -matrix,
non-combinatorially symmetric,
cycle,
digraph.

##### 3194 Fuzzy Adjacency Matrix in Graphs

**Authors:**
Mahdi Taheri,
Mehrana Niroumand

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Graph,
adjacency matrix,
fuzzy numbers

##### 3193 Inverse Matrix in the Theory of Dynamic Systems

**Authors:**
R. Masarova,
M. Juhas,
B. Juhasova,
Z. Sutova

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Dynamic system,
transfer matrix,
inverse matrix,
modeling.

##### 3192 Numerical Treatment of Matrix Differential Models Using Matrix Splines

**Authors:**
Kholod M. Abualnaja

**Abstract:**

This paper consider the solution of the matrix differential models using quadratic, cubic, quartic, and quintic splines. Also using the Taylor’s and Picard’s matrix methods, one illustrative example is included.

**Keywords:**
Matrix Splines,
Cubic Splines,
Quartic Splines.

##### 3191 The Relationship of Eigenvalues between Backward MPSD and Jacobi Iterative Matrices

**Authors:**
Zhuan-de Wang,
Hou-biao Li,
Zhong-xi Gao

**Abstract:**

In this paper, the backward MPSD (Modified Preconditioned Simultaneous Displacement) iterative matrix is firstly proposed. The relationship of eigenvalues between the backward MPSD iterative matrix and backward Jacobi iterative matrix for block p-cyclic case is obtained, which improves and refines the results in the corresponding references.

**Keywords:**
Backward MPSD iterative matrix,
Jacobi iterative matrix,
eigenvalue,
p-cyclic matrix.

##### 3190 On Positive Definite Solutions of Quaternionic Matrix Equations

**Authors:**
Minghui Wang

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Matrix equation,
Quaternionic matrix,
Real representation,
positive (semi)definite solutions.

##### 3189 Connectivity Estimation from the Inverse Coherence Matrix in a Complex Chaotic Oscillator Network

**Authors:**
Won Sup Kim,
Xue-Mei Cui,
Seung Kee Han

**Abstract:**

We present on the method of inverse coherence matrix for the estimation of network connectivity from multivariate time series of a complex system. In a model system of coupled chaotic oscillators, it is shown that the inverse coherence matrix defined as the inverse of cross coherence matrix is proportional to the network connectivity. Therefore the inverse coherence matrix could be used for the distinction between the directly connected links from indirectly connected links in a complex network. We compare the result of network estimation using the method of the inverse coherence matrix with the results obtained from the coherence matrix and the partial coherence matrix.

**Keywords:**
Chaotic oscillator,
complex network,
inverse coherence matrix,
network estimation.

##### 3188 Designing Information Systems in Education as Prerequisite for Successful Management Results

**Authors:**
Vladimir Simovic,
Matija Varga,
Tonco Marusic

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Designing,
education management,
information systems,
matrix technology,
process affinity.

##### 3187 Solving Linear Matrix Equations by Matrix Decompositions

**Authors:**
Yongxin Yuan,
Kezheng Zuo

**Abstract:**

In this paper, a system of linear matrix equations is considered. A new necessary and sufficient condition for the consistency of the equations is derived by means of the generalized singular-value decomposition, and the explicit representation of the general solution is provided.

**Keywords:**
Matrix equation,
Generalized inverse,
Generalized
singular-value decomposition.

##### 3186 The Convergence Results between Backward USSOR and Jacobi Iterative Matrices

**Authors:**
Zuan-De Wang,
Hou-biao Li,
Zhong-xi Gao

**Abstract:**

In this paper, the backward Ussor iterative matrix is proposed. The relationship of convergence between the backward Ussor iterative matrix and Jacobi iterative matrix is obtained, which makes the results in the corresponding references be improved and refined.Moreover,numerical examples also illustrate the effectiveness of these conclusions.

**Keywords:**
Backward USSOR iterative matrix,
Jacobi iterative matrix,
convergence,
spectral radius

##### 3185 An Algorithm of Ordered Schur Factorization For Real Nonsymmetric Matrix

**Authors:**
Lokendra K. Balyan

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Schur Factorization,
Eigenvalues of nonsymmetric matrix,
Orthoganal matrix.

##### 3184 Tree Sign Patterns of Small Order that Allow an Eventually Positive Matrix

**Authors:**
Ber-Lin Yu,
Jie Cui,
Hong Cheng,
Zhengfeng Yu

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Eventually positive matrix,
sign pattern,
tree.

##### 3183 The Estimation of Human Vital Signs Complexity

**Authors:**
L. Bikulciene,
E. Venskaityte,
G. Jarusevicius

**Abstract:**

Nonstationary and nonlinear signals generated by living complex systems defy traditional mechanistic approaches, which are based on homeostasis. Previous our studies have shown that the evaluation of the interactions of physiological signals by using special analysis methods is suitable for observation of physiological processes. It is demonstrated the possibility of using deep physiological model, based on the interpretation of the changes of the human body’s functional states combined with an application of the analytical method based on matrix theory for the physiological signals analysis, which was applied on high risk cardiac patients. It is shown that evaluation of cardiac signals interactions show peculiar for each individual functional changes at the onset of hemodynamic restoration procedure. Therefore, we suggest that the alterations of functional state of the body, after patients overcome surgery can be complemented by the data received from the suggested approach of the evaluation of functional variables’ interactions.

**Keywords:**
Cardiac diseases,
Complex systems theory,
ECG analysis,
matrix analysis.

##### 3182 A Comprehensive Method of Fault Detection and Isolation Based On Testability Modeling Data

**Authors:**
Junyou Shi,
Weiwei Cui

**Abstract:**

Testability modeling is a commonly used method in testability design and analysis of system. A dependency matrix will be obtained from testability modeling, and we will give a quantitative evaluation about fault detection and isolation. Based on the dependency matrix, we can obtain the diagnosis tree. The tree provides the procedures of the fault detection and isolation. But the dependency matrix usually includes built-in test (BIT) and manual test in fact. BIT runs the test automatically and is not limited by the procedures. The method above cannot give a more efficient diagnosis and use the advantages of the BIT. A Comprehensive method of fault detection and isolation is proposed. This method combines the advantages of the BIT and Manual test by splitting the matrix. The result of the case study shows that the method is effective.

**Keywords:**
BIT,
fault detection,
fault isolation,
testability
modeling.

##### 3181 Numerical Simulation of Effect of Various Rib Configurations on Enhancing Heat Transfer of Matrix Cooling Channel

**Authors:**
Seok Min Choi,
Minho Bang,
Seuong Yun Kim,
Hyungmin Lee,
Won-Gu Joo,
Hyung Hee Cho

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Matrix cooling,
rib,
heat transfer,
gas turbine.

##### 3180 Bounds on the Second Stage Spectral Radius of Graphs

**Authors:**
S.K.Ayyaswamy,
S.Balachandran,
K.Kannan

**Abstract:**

Let G be a graph of order n. The second stage adjacency matrix of G is the symmetric n × n matrix for which the ijth entry is 1 if the vertices vi and vj are of distance two; otherwise 0. The sum of the absolute values of this second stage adjacency matrix is called the second stage energy of G. In this paper we investigate a few properties and determine some upper bounds for the largest eigenvalue.

**Keywords:**
Second stage spectral radius,
Irreducible matrix,
Derived graph

##### 3179 Some New Subclasses of Nonsingular H-matrices

**Authors:**
Guangbin Wang,
Liangliang Li,
Fuping Tan

**Abstract:**

In this paper, we obtain some new subclasses of non¬singular H-matrices by using a diagonally dominant matrix

**Keywords:**
H-matrix,
diagonal dominance,
a diagonally dominant matrix.

##### 3178 The Effectiveness of University’s Strategic Plan for Sustainability through Collaborative Platform’s Deliberation Matrix

**Authors:**
Ashiquer Rahman

**Abstract:**

The paper focuses on the significance of the university's sustainability strategic plan and emphasizes the usefulness of the collaborative platform-based deliberation matrix. It will equip the university's leadership to handle impending tactics and challenges with the sustainability of the university’s strategic plan. The study addresses the significance of a set of reference points that will precede operational activities for multi-stakeholder multi-criteria evaluation on the optimal standards of Sustainable University, as well as potential action for the strategic blueprint of Sustainable University. It makes reference to the university’s sustainability strategy plan’s effectiveness through a collaborative platform and deliberation matrix. The paper outlines the conceptual framing of a sustainable university by implementing a strategic plan over the collaborative platform and deliberation matrix. Optimistically, these will be a milestone in higher education; a pathway to prepare for the University’s upcoming implementation of its sustainability strategy. In fact, the collaborative platform and deliberation matrix both are enhancement needles for institutional cooperation to the completive world.

**Keywords:**
Sustainable strategies,
institutional cooperation,
multi-stakeholder multi-criteria assessment,
collaborative platform,
innovative method and tools.

##### 3177 Formulation and in vitro Evaluation of Sustained Release Matrix Tablets of Levetiracetam for Better Epileptic Treatment

**Authors:**
Nagasamy Venkatesh Dhandapani

**Abstract:**

The objective of the present study was to develop sustained release oral matrix tablets of anti epileptic drug levetiracetam. The sustained release matrix tablets of levetiracetam were prepared using hydrophilic matrix hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) as a release retarding polymer by wet granulation method. Prior to compression, FTIR studies were performed to understand the compatibility between the drug and excipients. The study revealed that there was no chemical interaction between drug and excipients used in the study. The tablets were characterized by physical and chemical parameters and results were found in acceptable limits.* In vitro* release study was carried out for the tablets using 0.1 N HCl for 2 hours and in phosphate buffer pH 7.4 for remaining time up to 12 hours. The effect of polymer concentration was studied. Different dissolution models were applied to drug release data in order to evaluate release mechanisms and kinetics. The drug release data fit well to zero order kinetics. Drug release mechanism was found as a complex mixture of diffusion, swelling and erosion.

**Keywords:**
Levetiracetam,
sustained-release,
hydrophilic matrix tablet,
HPMC grade K 100 MCR,
wet granulation,
zero order release kinetics.

##### 3176 Redundancy Component Matrix and Structural Robustness

**Authors:**
Xinjian Kou,
Linlin Li,
Yongju Zhou,
Jimian Song

**Abstract:**

We introduce the redundancy matrix that expresses clearly the geometrical/topological configuration of the structure. With the matrix, the redundancy of the structure is resolved into redundant components and assigned to each member or rigid joint. The values of the diagonal elements in the matrix indicates the importance of the corresponding members or rigid joints, and the geometrically correlations can be shown with the non-diagonal elements. If a member or rigid joint failures, reassignment of the redundant components can be calculated with the recursive method given in the paper. By combining the indexes of reliability and redundancy components, we define an index concerning the structural robustness. To further explain the properties of the redundancy matrix, we cited several examples of statically indeterminate structures, including two trusses and a rigid frame. With the examples, some simple results and the properties of the matrix are discussed. The examples also illustrate that the redundancy matrix and the relevant concepts are valuable in structural safety analysis.

**Keywords:**
Structural robustness,
structural reliability,
redundancy component,
redundancy matrix.

##### 3175 Newton-Raphson State Estimation Solution Employing Systematically Constructed Jacobian Matrix

**Authors:**
Nursyarizal Mohd Nor,
Ramiah Jegatheesan,
Perumal Nallagownden

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
State Estimation (SE),
Weight Least Square (WLS),
Newton-Raphson State Estimation (NRSE),
Jacobian matrix H.

##### 3174 Maintenance Function's Performance Evaluation Using Adapted Balanced Scorecard Model

**Authors:**
A. Bakhtiar,
B. Purwanggono,
N. Metasari

**Abstract:**

PT XYZ is a bottled drinking water company. To preserve production resources owned by the company so that the resources could be utilized well, it has implemented maintenance management system, which has important role in company's profitability, and is one of the factors influenced overall company's performance. Yet, up to now the company has never measured maintenance activities' contribution to company's performance. Performance evaluation is done according to adapted Balanced Scorecard model fitted to maintenance function context. This model includes six perspectives: innovation and growth, production, maintenance, environment, costumer, and finance. Actual performance measurement is done through Analytic Hierarchy Process and Objective Matrix. From the research done, we can conclude that the company's maintenance function is categorized in moderate performance. But, there are some indicators which has high priority but low performance, which are: costumers' complain rate, work lateness rate, and Return on Investment.

**Keywords:**
Maintenance,
performance,
balanced scorecard,
objective matrix.

##### 3173 Statistical Analysis-Driven Risk Assessment of Criteria Air Pollutants: A Sulfur Dioxide Case Study

**Authors:**
Ehsan Bashiri

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Criteria air pollutants,
Matrix of risk,
Riskassessment,
Statistical analysis.

##### 3172 Conjugate Gradient Algorithm for the Symmetric Arrowhead Solution of Matrix Equation AXB=C

**Authors:**
Minghui Wang,
Luping Xu,
Juntao Zhang

**Abstract:**

*AXB=C*and the associate optimal approximation problem are considered for the symmetric arrowhead matrix solutions in the premise of consistency. The convergence results of the method are presented. At last, a numerical example is given to illustrate the efficiency of this method.

**Keywords:**
Iterative method,
symmetric arrowhead matrix,
conjugate gradient algorithm.

##### 3171 Human Face Detection and Segmentation using Eigenvalues of Covariance Matrix, Hough Transform and Raster Scan Algorithms

**Authors:**
J. Prakash,
K. Rajesh

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Circular Hough Transform,
Covariance matrix,
Eigenvalues,
Elliptical Hough Transform,
Face segmentation,
Raster
Scan Algorithm.

##### 3170 Membership Surface and Arithmetic Operations of Imprecise Matrix

**Authors:**
Dhruba Das

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Imprecise number,
Imprecise vector,
Membership
surface,
Imprecise matrix.

##### 3169 On the Positive Definite Solutions of Nonlinear Matrix Equation

**Authors:**
Tian Baoguang,
Liang Chunyan,
Chen Nan

**Abstract:**

In this paper, the nonlinear matrix equation is investigated. Based on the fixed-point theory, the boundary and the existence of the solution with the case r>-δ_{i} are discussed. An algorithm that avoids matrix inversion with the case -1<-δ_{i}<0 is proposed.

**Keywords:**
Nonlinear matrix equation,
Positive definite solution,
The maximal-minimal solution,
Iterative method,
Free-inversion