**Commenced**in January 2007

**Frequency:**Monthly

**Edition:**International

**Paper Count:**5

# Conservation Laws Related Publications

##### 5 Multisymplectic Geometry and Noether Symmetries for the Field Theories and the Relativistic Mechanics

**Authors:**
H. Loumi-Fergane,
A. Belaidi

**Abstract:**

The problem of symmetries in field theory has been analyzed using geometric frameworks, such as the multisymplectic models by using in particular the multivector field formalism. In this paper, we expand the vector fields associated to infinitesimal symmetries which give rise to invariant quantities as Noether currents for classical field theories and relativistic mechanic using the multisymplectic geometry where the Poincaré-Cartan form has thus been greatly simplified using the Second Order Partial Differential Equation (SOPDE) for multi-vector fields verifying Euler equations. These symmetries have been classified naturally according to the construction of the fiber bundle used. In this work, unlike other works using the analytical method, our geometric model has allowed us firstly to distinguish the angular moments of the gauge field obtained during different transformations while these moments are gathered in a single expression and are obtained during a rotation in the Minkowsky space. Secondly, no conditions are imposed on the Lagrangian of the mechanics with respect to its dependence in time and in q^{i}, the currents obtained naturally from the transformations are respectively the energy and the momentum of the system.

**Keywords:**
Conservation Laws,
Lagrangian Formalism,
Symmetries,
field theories,
multisymplectic geometry,
relativistic mechanics,
Noether theorem

##### 4 A Numerical Method for Diffusion and Cahn-Hilliard Equations on Evolving Spherical Surfaces

**Authors:**
Jyh-Yang Wu,
Sheng-Gwo Chen

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Conservation Laws,
diffusion equations,
Cahn-Hilliard equations,
evolving surfaces

##### 3 Symmetries, Conservation Laws and Reduction of Wave and Gordon-type Equations on Riemannian Manifolds

**Authors:**
Sameerah Jamal,
Abdul Hamid Kara,
Ashfaque H. Bokhari

**Abstract:**

Equations on curved manifolds display interesting properties in a number of ways. In particular, the symmetries and, therefore, the conservation laws reduce depending on how curved the manifold is. Of particular interest are the wave and Gordon-type equations; we study the symmetry properties and conservation laws of these equations on the Milne and Bianchi type III metrics. Properties of reduction procedures via symmetries, variational structures and conservation laws are more involved than on the well known flat (Minkowski) manifold.

**Keywords:**
Conservation Laws,
Symmetries,
Bianchi metric,
Milne metric

##### 2 Traffic Flow on Road Junctions

**Authors:**
Wah Wah Aung,
Cho Cho San

**Abstract:**

The paper deals with a mathematical model for fluid dynamic flows on road networks which is based on conservation laws. This nonlinear framework is based on the conservation of cars. We focus on traffic circle, which is a finite number of roads that meet at some junctions. The traffic circle with junctions having either one incoming and two outgoing or two incoming and one outgoing roads. We describe the numerical schemes with the particular boundary conditions used to produce approximated solutions of the problem.

**Keywords:**
Conservation Laws,
Traffic Flow,
Boundary Conditions,
finite difference schemes

##### 1 Physical Conserved Quantities for the Axisymmetric Liquid, Free and Wall Jets

**Authors:**
Rehana Naz,
D. P. Mason,
Fazal Mahomed

**Abstract:**

A systematic way to derive the conserved quantities for the axisymmetric liquid jet, free jet and wall jet using conservation laws is presented. The flow in axisymmetric jets is governed by Prandtl-s momentum boundary layer equation and the continuity equation. The multiplier approach is used to construct a basis of conserved vectors for the system of two partial differential equations for the two velocity components. The basis consists of two conserved vectors. By integrating the corresponding conservation laws across the jet and imposing the boundary conditions, conserved quantities are derived for the axisymmetric liquid and free jet. The multiplier approach applied to the third-order partial differential equation for the stream function yields two local conserved vectors one of which is a non-local conserved vector for the system. One of the conserved vectors gives the conserved quantity for the axisymmetric free jet but the conserved quantity for the wall jet is not obtained from the second conserved vector. The conserved quantity for the axisymmetric wall jet is derived from a non-local conserved vector of the third-order partial differential equation for the stream function. This non-local conserved vector for the third-order partial differential equation for the stream function is obtained by using the stream function as multiplier.

**Keywords:**
Conservation Laws,
wall jet,
Axisymmetric jet,
liquid jet,
free jet,
conserved quantity