Commenced in January 2007
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Edition: International
Paper Count: 1

Mann–Kendall Related Abstracts

1 Analyses of Reference Evapotranspiration in West of Iran under Climate Change

Authors: Masoumeh Foroughi, Saeed Jahanbakhsh Asl, Yaghob Dinpazhoh

Abstract:

Reference evapotranspiration (ET₀) is an important element in the water cycle that integrates atmospheric demands and surface conditions, and analysis of changes in ET₀ is of great significance for understanding climate change and its impacts on hydrology. As ET₀ is an integrated effect of climate variables, increases in air temperature should lead to increases in ET₀. ET₀ estimated by using the globally accepted Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Penman-Monteith (FAO-56 PM) method in 18 meteorological stations located in the West of Iran. The trends of ET₀ detected by using the Mann-Kendall (MK) test. The slopes of the trend lines were computed by using the Sen’s slope estimator. The results showed significant increasing as well as decreasing trends in the annual and monthly ET₀. However, ET₀ trends were increasing. In the monthly scale, the number of the increasing trends was more than the number of decreasing trends, in the majority of warm months of the year.

Keywords: Climate Change, Mann–Kendall, Penman-Monteith method (FAO-56 PM), reference crop evapotranspiration

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