Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 2

GC-FID Related Abstracts

2 Isolement and Identification of Major Constituents from Essential Oil of Launaea nudicaulis

Authors: M. Yakoubi, N. Belboukhari, A. Cheriti, K. Sekoum

Abstract:

Launaea nudicaulis (L.) Hook.f. is a desert, spontaneous plant and endemic to northem Sahara, which belongs to the Asteraceae family. This species exists in the region of Bechar (Local name; El-Rghamma). In our knowledge, no work has been founded, except studies showing the antimicrobial and antifungal activity of methalonic extract of this plant. The present paper describes the chemical composition of the essential oil from Launaea nudicaulis and qualification of isolation and identification of some pure products by column chromatography. The essential oil from the aerial parts of Launaea nudicaulis (Asteraceae) was obtained by hydroditillation in 0.4% yield, led to isolation of four several new products. The isolation is made by column chromatography and followed by GC-IK and GC-MS analysis.

Keywords: Essential Oil, asteraceae, column chromatography, GC-MS, Launaea nudicaulis, GC-FID

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1 Preparation and Characterization of Photocatalyst for the Conversion of Carbon Dioxide to Methanol

Authors: Maksudur Rahman Khan, Huei Ruey Ong, Chin Kui Cheng, D. M. Reddy Prasad, Nur Sabrina Binti Rahmat, D. Sathiyamoorthy

Abstract:

Carbon dioxide (CO2) emission to the environment is inevitable which is responsible for global warming. Photocatalytic reduction of CO2 to fuel, such as methanol, methane etc. is a promising way to reduce greenhouse gas CO2 emission. In the present work, Bi2S3/CdS was synthesized as an effective visible light responsive photocatalyst for CO2 reduction into methanol. The Bi2S3/CdS photocatalyst was prepared by hydrothermal reaction. The catalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) instrument. The photocatalytic activity of the catalyst has been investigated for methanol production as a function of time. Gas chromatograph flame ionization detector (GC-FID) was employed to analyze the product. The yield of methanol was found to increase with higher CdS concentration in Bi2S3/CdS and the maximum yield was obtained for 45 wt% of Bi2S3/CdS under visible light irradiation was 20 μmole/g. The result establishes that Bi2S3/CdS is favorable catalyst to reduce CO2 to methanol.

Keywords: methanol, Visible light, CO2 Reduction, XRD, photocatalyst, GC-FID

Procedia PDF Downloads 257