@article{(International Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/9999837,
	  title     = {Bioethanol: Indonesian Macro-Algae as a Renewable Feedstock for Liquid Fuel},
	  author    = {T. Poespowati and  E. Marsyahyo and  R. Kartika-Dewi},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {This experimental study aims at studying the
conversion of macro-algae into bioethanol under several steps of
procedure: preparation, pre-treatment, fermentation, and distillation.
The main objective of this work was to investigate the role of buffer’s
type as a stabiliser of pH level and fermentation time on the yield of
ethanol. For this purpose, experiments were carried out on biomass
macro-algae to de-couple the pre-treatment and fermentation
processes from those associated with distillation process. β-
glucosidase was used as cellulose decomposer during hydrolysis step
and yeast was used during fermentation process. The species of
macro-algae utilised as energy feedstock was Ulva lactuca and it was
harvested from southern coast of Central of Java Island – Indonesia.
Experiments were conducted in a simple fermenter over a different
buffer: citrate buffer and acetic buffer, and over a range of
fermentation times between 5 to 20 days. The ethanol production was
found to be significantly affected by both variables. The optimum
time of fermentation was 10 days with citrate buffer; result in
0.88458% of ethanol, and the ethanol content after distillation
process was shown 0.985015%.
	    journal   = {International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering},
	  volume    = {8},
	  number    = {12},
	  year      = {2014},
	  pages     = {1325 - 1328},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/9999837},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/96},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {International Science Index 96, 2014},