%0 Journal Article
	%A Olatunde I. Sekunowo and  Stephen I. Durowaye and  Oluwashina P. Gbenebor
	%D 2014
	%J International Journal of Structural and Construction Engineering
	%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
	%I Open Science Index 92, 2014
	%T Effect of Copper on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Construction Steel
	%U https://publications.waset.org/pdf/9999677
	%V 92
	%X Copper being one of the major intrinsic residual
impurities in steel possesses the tendency to induce severe
microstructural distortions if not controlled within certain limits.
Hence, this paper investigates the effect of this element on the
mechanical properties of construction steel with a view to ascertain
its safe limits for effective control. The experiment entails collection
of statistically scheduled samples of hot rolled profiles with varied
copper concentrations in the range of 0.12-0.39 wt. %. From these
samples were prepared standard test specimens subjected to tensile,
impact, hardness and microstructural analyses. Results show a rather
huge compromise in mechanical properties as the specimens
demonstrated 54.3%, 74.2% and 64.9% reduction in tensile strength,
impact energy and hardness respectively as copper content increases
from 0.12 wt. % to 0.39 wt. %. The steel’s abysmal performance is
due to the severe distortion of the microstructure occasioned by the
development of incoherent complex compounds which weaken the
pearlite reinforcing phase. It is concluded that the presence of copper
above 0.22 wt. % is deleterious to construction steel performance.

	%P 855 - 859