%0 Journal Article
	%A M. N. Zelenin and  V. S. Mikhailov and  R. P. Zhivotovsky
	%D 2014
	%J International Journal of Environmental and Ecological Engineering
	%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
	%I Open Science Index 93, 2014
	%T Optimization of Assembly and Welding of Complex 3D Structures on the Base of Modeling with Use of Finite Elements Method
	%U https://publications.waset.org/pdf/9999470
	%V 93
	%X It is known that residual welding deformations give
negative effect to processability and operational quality of welded
structures, complicating their assembly and reducing strength.
Therefore, selection of optimal technology, ensuring minimum
welding deformations, is one of the main goals in developing a
technology for manufacturing of welded structures.
Through years, JSC SSTC has been developing a theory for
estimation of welding deformations and practical activities for
reducing and compensating such deformations during welding
process. During long time a methodology was used, based on analytic
dependence. This methodology allowed defining volumetric changes
of metal due to welding heating and subsequent cooling. However,
dependences for definition of structures deformations, arising as a
result of volumetric changes of metal in the weld area, allowed
performing calculations only for simple structures, such as units, flat
sections and sections with small curvature. In case of complex 3D
structures, estimations on the base of analytic dependences gave
significant errors.
To eliminate this shortage, it was suggested to use finite elements
method for resolving of deformation problem. Here, one shall first
calculate volumes of longitudinal and transversal shortenings of
welding joints using method of analytic dependences and further,
with obtained shortenings, calculate forces, which action is
equivalent to the action of active welding stresses. Further, a finiteelements
model of the structure is developed and equivalent forces
are added to this model. Having results of calculations, an optimal
sequence of assembly and welding is selected and special measures to
reduce and compensate welding deformations are developed and

	%P 1620 - 1623