@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/9999448,
	  title     = {Numerical Investigation of the Evaporation and Mixing of UWS in a Diesel Exhaust Pipe},
	  author    = {Tae Hyun Ahn and  Gyo Woo Lee and  Man Young Kim},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Because of high thermal efficiency and low CO2
emission, diesel engines are being used widely in many industrial
fields although it makes many PM and NOx which give both human
health and environment a negative effect. NOx regulations for diesel
engines, however, are being strengthened and it is impossible to meet
the emission standard without NOx reduction devices such as SCR
(Selective Catalytic Reduction), LNC (Lean NOx Catalyst), and LNT
(Lean NOx Trap). Among the NOx reduction devices, urea-SCR
system is known as the most stable and efficient method to solve the
problem of NOx emission. But this device has some issues associated
with the ammonia slip phenomenon which is occurred by shortage of
evaporation and thermolysis time, and that makes it difficult to achieve
uniform distribution of the injected urea in front of monolith.
Therefore, this study has focused on the mixing enhancement between
urea and exhaust gases to enhance the efficiency of the SCR catalyst
equipped in catalytic muffler by changing inlet gas temperature and
spray conditions to improve the spray uniformity of the urea water
solution. Finally, it can be found that various parameters such as inlet
gas temperature and injector and injection angles significantly affect
the evaporation and mixing of the urea water solution with exhaust
gases, and therefore, optimization of these parameters are required.
	    journal   = {International Journal of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering},
	  volume    = {8},
	  number    = {10},
	  year      = {2014},
	  pages     = {1080 - 1084},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/9999448},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/94},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 94, 2014},