@article{(International Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/9999351,
	  title     = {Study on Microbial Pretreatment for Enhancing Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Corncob},
	  author    = {Kessara Seneesrisakul and  Erdogan Gulari and  Sumaeth Chavadej},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {The complex structure of lignocellulose leads to great
difficulties in converting it to fermentable sugars for the ethanol
production. The major hydrolysis impediments are the crystallinity of
cellulose and the lignin content. To improve the efficiency of
enzymatic hydrolysis, microbial pretreatment of corncob was
investigated using two bacterial strains of Bacillus subtilis A 002 and
Cellulomonas sp. TISTR 784 (expected to break open the crystalline
part of cellulose) and lignin-degrading fungus, Phanerochaete
sordida SK7 (expected to remove lignin from lignocellulose). The
microbial pretreatment was carried out with each strain under its
optimum conditions. The pretreated corncob samples were further
hydrolyzed to produce reducing glucose with low amounts of
commercial cellulase (25 U·g-1 corncob) from Aspergillus niger. The
corncob samples were determined for composition change by X-ray
diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR),
and scanning electron microscope (SEM). According to the results,
the microbial pretreatment with fungus, P. sordida SK7 was the most
effective for enhancing enzymatic hydrolysis, approximately, 40%
	    journal   = {International Journal of Bioengineering and Life Sciences},
	  volume    = {8},
	  number    = {9},
	  year      = {2014},
	  pages     = {1004 - 1009},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/9999351},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/93},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {International Science Index 93, 2014},