@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/9999284,
	  title     = {Fish Locomotion for Innovative Marine Propulsion Systems},
	  author    = {Omar B. Yaakob and  Yasser M. Ahmed and  Ahmad F. Said},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {There is an essential need for obtaining the mathematical representation of fish body undulations, which can be used for designing and building new innovative types of marine propulsion systems with less environmental impact. This research work presents a case study to derive the mathematical model for fish body movement. Observation and capturing image methods were used in this study in order to obtain a mathematical representation of Clariasbatrachus fish (catfish). An experiment was conducted by using an aquarium with dimension 0.609 m x 0.304 m x 0.304 m, and a 0.5 m ruler was attached at the base of the aquarium. Progressive Scan Monochrome Camera was positioned at 1.8 m above the base of the aquarium to provide swimming sequences. Seven points were marked on the fish body using white marker to indicate the fish movement and measuring the amplitude of undulation. Images from video recordings (20 frames/s) were analyzed frame by frame using local coordinate system, with time interval 0.05 s. The amplitudes of undulations were obtained for image analysis from each point that has been marked on fish body. A graph of amplitude of undulations versus time was plotted by using computer to derive a mathematical fit. The function for the graph is polynomial with nine orders.
},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Marine and Environmental Sciences},
	  volume    = {8},
	  number    = {4},
	  year      = {2014},
	  pages     = {407 - 411},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/9999284},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/88},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 88, 2014},
	}