@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/9998963,
	  title     = {Characterization of Banana (Musa spp.) Pseudo-Stem and Fruit-Bunch-Stem as a Potential Renewable Energy Resource},
	  author    = {Nurhayati Abdullah and  Fauziah Sulaiman and  Muhamad Azman Miskam and  Rahmad Mohd Taib},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Banana pseudo-stem and fruit-bunch-stem are
agricultural residues that can be used for conversion to bio-char, biooil,
and gases by using thermochemical process. The aim of this work
is to characterize banana pseudo-stem and banana fruit-bunch-stem
through proximate analysis, elemental analysis, chemical analysis,
thermo-gravimetric analysis, and heating calorific value. The ash
contents of the banana pseudo-stem and banana fruit-bunch-stem are
11.0 mf wt.% and 20.6 mf wt.%; while the carbon content of banana
pseudo-stem and fruit-bunch-stem are 37.9 mf wt.% and 35.58 mf
wt.% respectively. The molecular formulas for banana stem and
banana fruit-bunch-stem are C24H33NO26 and C19H29NO33
respectively. The measured higher heating values of banana pseudostem
and banana fruit-bunch-stem are 15.5MJ/kg and 12.7 MJ/kg
respectively. By chemical analysis, the lignin, cellulose, and
hemicellulose contents in the samples will also be presented. The
feasibility of the banana wastes to be a feedstock for thermochemical
process in comparison with other biomass will be discussed in this
paper.
},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering},
	  volume    = {8},
	  number    = {8},
	  year      = {2014},
	  pages     = {815 - 819},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/9998963},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/92},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 92, 2014},
	}