This paper presents the problem of modeling and simulating of transient phenomena in conveying pipeline systems based on the rigid column and full elastic methods. Transient analysis is important and one of the more challenging and complicated flow problem in the design and the operation of water pipeline systems. Transient can produce large pressure forces and rapid fluid acceleration into a water pipeline system, these disturbances may result in device failures, system fatigue or pipe ruptures, and even the dirty water intrusion. Several methods have been introduced and used to analyze transient flow, an accurate analysis and suitable protection devices should be used to protect water pipeline systems. The fourth-order Runge-Kutta method has been used to solve the dynamic and continuity equations in the rigid column method, while the characteristics method used to solve these equations in the full elastic method. The results obtained provide that the model is an efficient tool for flow transient analysis and provide approximately identical results by using these two methods. Moreover; using the simple surge tank ”open surge tank” reduces the unfavorable effects of transients.<\/p>\r\n","references":"[1]\tM. H. Chaudhry, Applied Hydraulic Transient, Second edition Ed., Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc, New York, 1987.\r\n[2]\tM. S. Ghidaoui, M. Zhao, D. A. Mcinnis and Axworthy, D. \"A review of water hammer theory and practice \"ASME, 58(1), 49-76, 2005. \r\n[3]\tI. Abuiziah, A. Oulhaj, K. Sebari, and D. Ouazar, \"Controlling Transient Flow in Pipeline Systems by Desurging Tank with Automatic Air Control \" International Journal of Physical, Natural Science and Engineering, 7(12), 334-340, 2013.\r\n[4]\tT. M. Walski, and I. M. Haestad, Advanced Water Distribution Modeling and Management, Haestead Press, 2003.\r\n[5]\tD. J. Wood \"Waterhammer Analysis\u2014Essential and Easy (and Efficient)\" Journal of Environmental Engineering \u00a9 ASCE, 3(8), 1123-1131, 2005.\r\n[6]\tN. Joukowski, Waterhammer (translated by Miss. O. Simmin). Proceedings of the American Water Works Association, 24, 341-424, 1904.\r\n[7]\tL. Allievi, Teoria Generale del Moto Perturbato Dell\u2019acqua Nei Tubi in Pressione. Annali Della Societa Degli Ingegneri ed Architetti Italiani, Milan, 1903.\r\n[8]\tL. Allievi, Theory of Waterhammer (translated by E. E. Halmos). Riccardo Garoni, Rome. 1925.\r\n[9]\tJ. Parmakian, Waterhammer Analysis. Dover Publications, Inc., New York, New York. 1963.\r\n[10]\tC. A. M. Gray, \"The Analysis of Dissipation of Energy in Waterhammer.\u201d Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers, 119, 1176, 1953.\r\n[11]\tV. L. Streeter and C. Lai, \"Waterhammer Analysis Including Fluid Friction.\u201d Journal of Hydraulics Division, ASCE, 88, 79, 1962.\r\n[12]\tA. S. Elansary, W. Silva, and M. H. Chaudhry, \"Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Transient Pipe Flow.\u201d Journal of Hydraulic Research, 32, 689, 1994.\r\n[13]\tE. B. Wylie, and V. L. Streeter, Fluid Transients in Systems. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1993.\r\n[14]\tD. J. Wood, R. G. Dorsch, and C. Lightner, \"Wave-Plan Analysis of Unsteady Flow in Closed Conduits.\u201d Journal of Hydraulics Division, ASCE, 92, 83, 1966.\r\n[15]\tM. Amein, and H. L. Chu, \"Implicit Numerical Modeling of Unsteady Flows.\u201d Journal of Hydraulics Division, ASCE, 101, 717, 1975.\r\n[16]\tH. A. Basha and B. G. Kassab, \"A Perturbation Solution to the Transient Pipe Flow Problem.\u201d Journal of Hydraulic Research, 34, 633.1996.\r\n[17]\tB. E. Larock, R. W. Jeppson and G. Z. Watters, Hydraulics of Pipeline Systems, one Ed., CRC Press LLC, Unites States of America,2000.\r\n[18]\tV. L. Streeter and E. B. Wylie, \"Waterhammer and Surge Control.\" Annual Review Fluid Mechanics, 1974:6, 57-73, 1973.\r\n[19]\tE. B. Wylie and V. L. Streeter, Fluid transients Corrected edition Ed., Thomson-Shore, Dexter, MI, United States of America, 1983.\r\n[20]\tJ. P. Tullis, Hydraulic of pipelines: pumps, valves, cavitation, transients, one Ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1989.\r\n[21]\tA. Oulhaj, Ecoulements transitoires dans les conduites en charge, Institute of Agronomy and Veterinary Hassan II, Rabat, Morocco, 1998.\r\n","publisher":"World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology","index":"Open Science Index 86, 2014"}