%0 Journal Article
	%A Ankit Jain and  Archana Agrawal
	%D 2013
	%J International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering
	%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
	%I Open Science Index 74, 2013
	%T Design and Optimization of a Microstrip Patch Antenna for Increased Bandwidth
	%U https://publications.waset.org/pdf/9996912
	%V 74
	%X With the ever-increasing need for wireless communication and the emergence of many systems, it is important to design broadband antennas to cover a wide frequency range. The aim of this paper is to design a broadband patch antenna, employing the three techniques of slotting, adding directly coupled parasitic elements, and fractal EBG structures. The bandwidth is improved from 9.32% to 23.77%. A wideband ranging from 4.15 GHz to 5.27 GHz is obtained. Also a comparative analysis of embedding EBG structures at different heights is also done. The composite effect of integrating these techniques in the design provides a simple and efficient method for obtaining low profile, broadband, high gain antenna. By the addition of parasitic elements the bandwidth was increased to only 18.04%. Later on by embedding EBG structures the bandwidth was increased up to 23.77%. The design is suitable for variety of wireless applications like WLAN and Radar Applications.

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