@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/9644,
	  title     = {Review of Scouring on Integral Bridge and its Possible Protection},
	  author    = {Shatirah Akib and  Teuku K. Syamsura and  S.M. Shirazi and  Moatasem M. Fayyadh and  Budhi Primasari},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {The purpose of this paper is to summarize the
following protection of scouring countermeasures by using
Bentonite-Enhanced Sand (BES) mixtures. The concept of
underground improvement is being used in this study to reduce the
void of the sand. The sand bentonite mixture was used to bond the
ground soil conditions surrounding the pile of integral bridge. The
right composition of sand bentonite mixture was proposed based on
previous findings. The swelling effect of bentonite also was
investigated to ensure there is no adverse impact to the structure of
the integral bridge. ScourScour, another name for severe erosion,
occurs when the erosive capacity of water resulting from natural and
manmade events exceeds the ability of earth materials to resist its
effects. According to AASHTO LRFD Specifications (Section
C3.7.5), scour is the most common reason for the collapse of
highway bridges in the United States},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering},
	  volume    = {5},
	  number    = {6},
	  year      = {2011},
	  pages     = {284 - 286},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/9644},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/54},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 54, 2011},
	}