@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/9265,
	  title     = {A Survey of Various Algorithms for Vlsi Physical Design},
	  author    = {Rajine Swetha R and  B. Shekar Babu and  Sumithra Devi K.A},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Electronic Systems are the core of everyday lives.
They form an integral part in financial networks, mass transit,
telephone systems, power plants and personal computers. Electronic
systems are increasingly based on complex VLSI (Very Large Scale
Integration) integrated circuits. Initial electronic design automation is
concerned with the design and production of VLSI systems. The next
important step in creating a VLSI circuit is Physical Design. The
input to the physical design is a logical representation of the system
under design. The output of this step is the layout of a physical
package that optimally or near optimally realizes the logical
representation. Physical design problems are combinatorial in nature
and of large problem sizes. Darwin observed that, as variations are
introduced into a population with each new generation, the less-fit
individuals tend to extinct in the competition of basic necessities.
This survival of fittest principle leads to evolution in species. The
objective of the Genetic Algorithms (GA) is to find an optimal
solution to a problem .Since GA-s are heuristic procedures that can
function as optimizers, they are not guaranteed to find the optimum,
but are able to find acceptable solutions for a wide range of
problems. This survey paper aims at a study on Efficient Algorithms
for VLSI Physical design and observes the common traits of the
superior contributions.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering},
	  volume    = {5},
	  number    = {3},
	  year      = {2011},
	  pages     = {272 - 277},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/9265},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/51},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 51, 2011},
	}