@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/8845,
	  title     = {The Effect of Laser Surface Melting on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Low Carbon Steel},
	  author    = {Suleiman M. Elhamali and  K. M. Etmimi and  A. Usha},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {The paper presents the results of microhardness and
microstructure of low carbon steel surface melted using carbon
dioxide laser with a wavelength of 10.6μm and a maximum output
power of 2000W. The processing parameters such as the laser power,
and the scanning rate were investigated in this study. After surface
melting two distinct regions formed corresponding to the melted zone
MZ, and the heat affected zone HAZ. The laser melted region
displayed a cellular fine structures while the HAZ displayed
martensite or bainite structure. At different processing parameters,
the original microstructure of this steel (Ferrite+Pearlite) has been
transformed to new phases of martensitic and bainitic structures. The
fine structure and the high microhardness are evidence of the high
cooling rates which follow the laser melting. The melting pool and
the transformed microstructure in the laser surface melted region of
carbon steel showed clear dependence on laser power and scanning
	    journal   = {International Journal of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering},
	  volume    = {7},
	  number    = {3},
	  year      = {2013},
	  pages     = {159 - 161},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/8845},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/75},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 75, 2013},