@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/859,
	  title     = {Effects of Opening Shape and Location on the Structural Strength of R.C. Deep Beams with Openings},
	  author    = {Haider M. Alsaeq},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {This research investigates the effects of the opening
shape and location on the structural behavior of reinforced concrete
deep beam with openings, while keeping the opening size unchanged.
The software ANSYS 12.1 is used to handle the nonlinear finite
element analysis. The ultimate strength of reinforced concrete deep
beam with opening obtained by ANSYS 12.1 shows fair agreement
with the experimental results, with a difference of no more than 20%. The present work concludes that the opening location has much more effect on the structural strength than the opening shape. It was
concluded that placing the openings near the upper corners of the
deep beam may double the strength, and the use of a rectangular
narrow opening, with the long sides in the horizontal direction, can save up to 40% of structural strength of the deep beam.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering},
	  volume    = {7},
	  number    = {6},
	  year      = {2013},
	  pages     = {494 - 499},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/859},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/78},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 78, 2013},
	}