%0 Journal Article
	%A Zahra Ghadampour and  Gholamreza Rakhshandehroo
	%D 2010
	%J International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering
	%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
	%I Open Science Index 38, 2010
	%T Using Artificial Neural Network to Forecast Groundwater Depth in Union County Well
	%U https://publications.waset.org/pdf/8511
	%V 38
	%X A concern that researchers usually face in different
applications of Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is determination of
the size of effective domain in time series. In this paper, trial and
error method was used on groundwater depth time series to determine
the size of effective domain in the series in an observation well in
Union County, New Jersey, U.S. different domains of 20, 40, 60, 80,
100, and 120 preceding day were examined and the 80 days was
considered as effective length of the domain. Data sets in different
domains were fed to a Feed Forward Back Propagation ANN with
one hidden layer and the groundwater depths were forecasted. Root
Mean Square Error (RMSE) and the correlation factor (R2) of
estimated and observed groundwater depths for all domains were
determined. In general, groundwater depth forecast improved, as
evidenced by lower RMSEs and higher R2s, when the domain length
increased from 20 to 120. However, 80 days was selected as the
effective domain because the improvement was less than 1% beyond
that. Forecasted ground water depths utilizing measured daily data
(set #1) and data averaged over the effective domain (set #2) were
compared. It was postulated that more accurate nature of measured
daily data was the reason for a better forecast with lower RMSE
(0.1027 m compared to 0.255 m) in set #1. However, the size of input
data in this set was 80 times the size of input data in set #2; a factor
that may increase the computational effort unpredictably. It was
concluded that 80 daily data may be successfully utilized to lower the
size of input data sets considerably, while maintaining the effective
information in the data set.
	%P 52 - 55